Complex of parish church of Transfiguration of Jesus, Kielce
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Complex of parish church of Transfiguration of Jesus

Kielce

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A complex featuring an architectural and spatial form of uniform style, reminiscent of "Zakopane architectural style", promoted by Stanisław Witkiewicz.

History

In 1916, at the initiative of the owner of metalworks in Białogon, engineer Leon Skibiński, a committee for construction of a wooden chapel was appointed. The design was developed my Mateusz Galas. A year later, bishop of Kielce Augustyn Łosiński decided to establish a separate parish here, so Galas re-designed the chapel into a church. The building was completed in spring 1918. The parish was established on 17 April 1918. It was separated out of the cathedral parish in Kielce (a mother parish), and out of the parish in Chęciny and in Piekoszów. Over the tower, an old bell, "Aleksander", taken from the turret of the local metalworks, was placed. The interior design was not put into practice. In 1960, at the initiative of parish priest Franciszek Sieradzki, a belfry was built, in which the said bell was placed. Ca. in 1972, ceilings were replaced, and in mid-1980s, most of the floors were replaced by a marble floor.  In 1991, wood shingle replacement was commenced.  On 22 September 2013, bishop of Kielce Kazimierz Ryczan consecrated the new, brick and stone church.

Description

The complex is located in the south-western part of Kielce, in the area of an old industrial housing estate, Białogon, in its central part, at the junction of Fabryczna and Kolonia Streets, on a square similar in shape to a triangle.  In the central part, there is the church, and ca. 18 m to the west — the belfry. The church site is fenced with a wooden fence on a stone foundation. From the side of Fabryczna Street, the square may be accessed by a wooden, three-arcaded gate. The church is a wooden building based on a log structure, on a stone foundation, with walls connected by dovetail joints with ends. It is a single-nave structure, with a strongly elongated, rectangular nave which changes into a non-separated presbytery from the north, terminated with a three-sided ending section. The church is adjoined from the west by a chapel of Our Lady of Perpetual Help and by a lower sacristy with a vestibule from the east. With them, the church's floor plan is shaped in a cross. From the south, the nave is adjoined by a porch in the form of a tower, in its upper sections constructed on the basis of a post-and-frame structure, surrounded by low arcades — arcatures. The nave and presbytery is covered by Zakopane-style roofs laid with wood shingles, with strongly bent slopes and a purlin roof truss, with a higher roof over the presbytery featuring a triangular ending section. The chapel and sacristy are covered by gablet roofs. Over the tower, there is a pyramid dome with strongly upturned slopes, with a cross on a globe. The steeple is formed as a quadrangular turret covered with a tented roof with strongly upturned slopes, topped with a cross on a gable. The front façade is created by the wall of the tower surrounded by arcatures with an openwork fence between the posts. Over the entrance, in the triangular gable, there is a semi-circular opening. Walls of the tower are covered with wood shingles in the upper section, and in the uppermost section — with wooden shutters. Triangular gables of the chapel and sacristy are decorated with a motif of halves of solar disks with beams. The interior is not painted, and the walls are covered with wood panelling. Over the nave, choir gallery, and presbytery, there are ceilings covered with weatherboards, trapezoid in section. Over the rood opening, also trapezoid in section, there is a motif of fish scale.  On the straight rood beam, over which there is a wooden crucifix, there is an inscription engraved: "May Jesus Christ be glorified". The upper sections of the walls are decorated with a frieze made of horizontally arranged planks, ended in the bottom section by a motif of volutes. The passage from the porch to the nave features a semi-circular ending section, and there are two rectangular windows with wooden grids on the sides. The wooden choir balcony, protruding from the balustrade and decorated with a motif of the radiant sun, is supported on decoratively shaped corbels. The fittings are not uniform and include, among other things, a kilim by Władysław Skoczylas. An openwork, wooden belfry, built on a rectangular floor plan, is based on a post structure strengthened with braces, and is covered with a gablet roof laid with wood shingles, with a wooden cross on a base on the roof ridge. In the middle of its high, there is a shed roof. The wooden, three-arcaded gate is covered with a gablet roof with a decorated, triangular gable and diagonal roofs over side arcades.

The building is accessible from outside; access to the interior upon prior arrangement.

Compiled by Nina Glińska, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Kielce, 09.12.2014.

Bibliography

  • Filling card, Zespół kościoła parafialnego p.w. Przemienienia Pańskiego, compiled by Chojnacki Olgierd, Kielce 1993, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Kościół parafialny p.w. Przemienienia Pańskiego, compiled by Chojnacki Olgierd, Kielce 1993, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Dzwonnica w zespole kościoła parafialnego p.w. Przemienienia Pańskiego, compiled by Chojnacki Olgierd, Kielce 1993, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Katalog duchowieństwa i parafii diecezji kieleckiej, Robak J. (ed.), Kielce 1999, pp. 306-307.
  • Adamczyk A., Kościoły drewniane w województwie kieleckim, Kielce 1998, pp. 78-81.
  • Adamczyk J. L., Przewodnik po zabytkach architektury i budownictwa Kielc, Kielce 1997, pp. 81.
  • Dobrowolska K., Kielce-Białogon. Parafia pw. Przemienienia Pańskiego. Dekanat Kielce-Zachód  [in:] Tkaczyk P. (ed.) Diecezja kielecka. Miejsca - Historia - Tajemnice, Kielce 2011, pp. 203.
  • Mirowski R., Drewniane kościoły i dzwonnice ziemi świętokrzyskiej, Kielce 2002, pp. 27-28.

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: 1918 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Kolonia 9, Kielce
  • Location: Voivodeship świętokrzyskie, district Kielce, commune Kielce
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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