Residential house (villa), Karlino
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Residential house (villa)

Karlino

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It is an example of a factory owner’s villa dating back to the late 19th century and early 20th century and featuring a half-timbered (timber-framed) structure. The building is characterised by its original architectural form, decorations of the façades, and historic joinery.

History

The house (villa) was built in the late 19th century and early 20th century for the owners of the Jacobi & Klein machine factory, which was renamed Maschinenwerk Körlin GmbH in 1906. In 1936, the villa was partially altered, which included adding a veranda. After World War 2, the building was temporarily used by Soviet officers, then adapted to be used as municipal housing. The house underwent superficial renovations; in 2001, the roof tiles were replaced with asphalt shingles. Today, the building is co-owned.

Description

The residential house is located in the northern part of the town, in 94 Koszalińska Street, on the east side of the street.

It is a small eclectic villa built using timber framing; the entire structure is covered with slate roof tiles.

The building was erected on the floor plan of an irregular rectangle, has two avant-corps, pentagonal veranda and modern porch. The main entrance is located in the north-eastern gable wall and framed by a pillar porch. The structure is characterised by a slightly fragmented body, covered with gable roofs (body, avant-corps, wall dormers), and the veranda is covered with a flat roof.

The walls of the main building and the south-eastern veranda are built using timber framing with expanded clay infill, and faced with slates on weatherboards. The walls of the avant-corps with a staircase are made of ceramic bricks and plastered. The structure features varying ceilings; the basement is covered with ceramic brick-infill ceilings of the “Klein” type, whereas the lower storeys are topped with wooden beamed ceilings with ceiling linings. The roof rests on a purlin roof truss with a single queen-post support. The roofs are clad with modern asphalt shingles.

All the surfaces of the façades are characterised by uniform décor and texture, and have been shaped by the natural qualities of “beaver tail” and “rhombic” slates. The façades feature varying axial partitions, are divided by avant-corps and annexes, accentuated by decorative (architectural) window surrounds. The north-western façade is four-axial, symmetrical, and features a two-axial and two-storey avant-corps topped with a triangular gable end with an oculus and stylised pazdur.

The interior features a two-and-a-half-bay layout with a hallway (corridor) on the longitudinal axis and two apartments in both suites of rooms. The north-western rooms are representative, while the back suite of rooms includes rooms featuring smaller-scale design. Modifications involved dividing the veranda into two parts. Particular attention should be paid to wooden casement windows with three and six sashes, divided by rails and muntins. The window openings are framed by decorative surrounds (“pseudo-pilasters”), corbels, volutes, plaques, cornices, or pediments.

Private property. The structure can be viewed from the outside (from the adjacent street or yard).

compiled by Waldemar Witek, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Szczecin, 30-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Witek W., Budownictwo ryglowe w mieście i gminie Karlino. [w:] W poszukiwaniu tożsamości historycznej Karlina. T. I: do 1945 roku, red. A. Chudziński, Karlino - Pruszcz Gdański 2010, s. 215-238.

General information

  • Type: villa
  • Chronology: przełom XIX i XX w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Koszalińska 94, Karlino
  • Location: Voivodeship zachodniopomorskie, district białogardzki, commune Karlino - miasto
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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