The Czarne manor house, Jelenia Góra
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl
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A picturesque manor house located in the valley surrounding the Pijawnik stream, this building still constitutes an excellent example of a Lower Silesian magnate’s residence originally erected in a number of stages during the middle and late Renaissance period despite the numerous instances of damage and redesign which have occurred over the years. Notable features of the building are the surviving elements of the courtyard décor - especially the oakwood portals designed to resemble window surrounds - as well as the vaulted ceilings on the ground floor, the sumptuously decorated wooden ceilings and the traces of Renaissance painted decorations on the walls of the rooms located in the south-eastern corner. Today, the manor house serves as the head office of the Foundation for Ecological Culture.

History

Originally erected in 1559 by Caspar von Schaffgotsch, the manor house consisted of three wings and a tower. It is believed that this building incorporated the walls of an earlier, Late Gothic structure built by Caspar’s father Warzlaw I (ca. 1535). Following the devastating fire of 1623, the building was reconstructed in 1656 for Ernst von Nimptsch, attaining an appearance which has changed very little over the centuries that followed. In years 1679-1945, the manor house remained the property of the municipal authorities of the town of Jelenia Góra, after Ernst von Nimptsch decided to sell the house. The renovation works performed in the 1620s have led to the destruction of its original, Renaissance-era gables. Further alteration and extension works were performed following a fire which broke out in 1718; it was during that time that the eastern wing received an additional suite of rooms. This 18th-century annex was ultimately demolished in the years 1885-1892, as the building was recovering from yet another fire. The building underwent further renovation works in the early 20th century. In 1948, the manor house and the surrounding grange became part of a State Agricultural Holding (PGR), which led to the devastation of the structure; for example, the gateway portal was heavily damaged in 1963. Today, the manor house is undergoing wide-ranged conservation works which have originally commenced back in 1983.

Description

The manor house consists of four wings surrounding a rectangular inner courtyard. It is surrounded by a moat. The building is designed in the Renaissance style. It is made of brick and stone. The wings are all two-storey structures covered by gable roofs. A three-storey tower designed on a square plan and crowned with a pyramid hipped roof rises from the western corner of the manor house. The external façades feature vestiges of plasterwork cladding. In the courtyard, traces of a now-vanished wooden porch can still be seen in the form of slots in the walls where the wooden beams used to be anchored. A gateway preceded by a stone bridge spanning the moat leads across the south-western wing and into the courtyard. The gateway was originally framed with a lavishly decorated Renaissance portal with a heraldic frieze and a Crucifixion scene incorporated into its segmental pediment. At the present stage, the portal is being reconstructed away from the site. The window openings are rectangular in shape, framed with fasciated surrounds made of stone. The doors of the manor house are framed with profiled stone or wooden portals. The interiors follow a single-bay, enfilade layout. Some of the rooms feature vaulted ceilings, while others have flat wooden ceilings with profiled beams. Remnants of wall paintings in the form of foliate ornamentation and Latin inscriptions referring to the various events from the building’s illustrious history can still be seen inside the manor house. The building is surrounded by remnants of a park, including a few trees which by now have attained the status of natural monuments.

The building is open to the public and forms part of a designated tourist trail. Exploring the interiors is only possible by prior telephone arrangement.

compiled by Piotr Roczek, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Wrocław, 27-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Zabytki sztuki w Polsce. Śląsk, Warsaw 2006, pp. 361-362.
  • Zamki i dwory obronne w Sudetach, Vol. II Księstwo jaworskie, Wrocław 2009, pp. 56-59.
  • Kapałczyński W., Napierała P., Zamki, pałace i dwory Kotliny Jeleniogórskiej, Jelenia Góra-Wrocław 2005, pp. 24-27.
  • Łuczyński R., Zamki, dwory i pałace w Sudetach, Legnica 2008, pp. 77-80,

General information

  • Type: manor house
  • Chronology: 2 poł. XVI w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Strumykowa 2, Jelenia Góra
  • Location: Voivodeship dolnośląskie, district Jelenia Góra, commune Jelenia Góra
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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