Palace and manor farm complex, Jegławki
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Palace and manor farm complex

Jegławki

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A well preserved example of a residential complex with a clear spatial layout and a complete set of constituent components, including a distinctive Gothic Revival palace and a 19th-century landscape park notable for its grandeur and the vast array of compositional devices applied.

History

In the Medieval times, a fortified manor stood on the site of the current palace, most likely forming part of the extensive system of defences of the State of the Teutonic Order, believed by researchers to have been erected in the 15th or the 16th century. All that remains of this building today are its two-storey cellars with groin and barrel vaults. According to the records provided by the prewar owners of the property, this manor was seriously damaged in the mid-17th century and subsequently demolished. From 1821 to 1945, the property belonged to the Siegfried family. The current palace in Gothic Revival style was built in 1848, while the landscape park comes from the second half of the 19th century; the manor farm is located in the northern part of the site, having been extended at the beginning of the 20th century, with livestock buildings originating mostly from this period. In 1934 a renowned German writer Arno Surminski, the author of the book Village in Eastern Prussia. Jaeglack – Jokehnen – Polninken – Jegławki and many other works of literature, was born in Jegławki . The palace in Jegławki and its surroundings formed the background of the film Venice (Wenecja) directed by Jan Jakub Kolski, filmed in 2009.

Description

The Jegławki complex is situated by the road leading from Barciany to Srokowo, at a distance of approx. 4 km from Barciany towards which an oak alley leads, the alley in question being one of the most beautiful roadside alleys in the Warmia and Mazury region. The complex consists of a palace located in the central part of the site, on a small hill, an extensive landscape park on the western and southern sides of the palace and a manor farm with a large utility yard on the northern side. The brick and stone palace, erected on a foundation made of granite blocks, with plastered walls (originally painted white) features a basement with two levels of rooms with barrel and groin vaults. The palace was built on an L-shaped floor plan and features a complex shape consisting of a number of well-defined individual sections, including two towers, a number of avant-corps and gables. The western facade features a wooden verandah with fretwork decorations, which, following its destruction, was rebuilt when the palace served as a film set in 2009. The towers are crowned with crenellation and pinnacles at the corners; the windows of the most representational rooms are topped with Tudor arches. All windows feature profiled, decorative window hoods. The individual sections of the palace are all covered with gable roofs clad with roof tiles. An extensive, English-style landscape park surrounds the palace, its design linking it to the landscape features beyond; the layout of the park is centred around the watercourses flowing through the area, the varied selection of trees and lavish architectural features, including waterfalls, an artificial viewing hill, a number of bridges and an informally laid out alleys. The manor farm buildings were partially modified after 1945; the hen house and the former stable are the best preserved buildings in this part of the complex.

Limited access to the historic building. Private property.

Compiled by Marzena Zwierowicz , 5.12.2014.



Bibliography

  • Jackiewicz Garniec M., Garniec M., Pałace i dwory dawnych Prus Wschodnich, Olsztyn 1999, p. 200-202.
  • Kajzer L., Kołodziejski S., Salm J., Leksykon zamków w Polsce, Warszawa 2001, p.212
  • Kanon krajoznawczy Warmii i Mazur, red. S. Harajda, I.Liżewska, K.Młynarczyk, Olsztyn 2010, p. 43.
  • Lorck von C., Landschlösser und Gutshäuser in Ost- und Westpreussen, Frankfurt a.Main 1972, p. 248.

General information

  • Type: palace
  • Chronology: 1848
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Jegławki
  • Location: Voivodeship warmińsko-mazurskie, district kętrzyński, commune Srokowo
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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