Palace, Jędrzejów
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl
photo

The palace in Jędrzejów, altered on the basis of a design by Karl Luedecke, is an example of a building reminiscent of English Gothic Revival, in which numerous references to military facilities have been applied.

History

The first mentions of Jędrzejów date back to the early 13th century. It is said that already then, there was a knight seat in the village. Starting from the 14th century, the village was subsequently owned by the von Rottenberg, von Hundt, and von Henneberg families. In the 18th century, Jędrzejów belonged to the von Frankenberg family. In 1830, the estate was purchased by Theodor von Gilgenheimb. At that time that, the palace was erected.

In 1851, the estate became property of the von Francken-Sierstorpff family who ordered re-designing of the palace in the English Gothic Revival style. The extension works were carried out in two stages: the first one involved works at the southern wing which was provided with the present décor (1868); within the second stage, the eastern wing along with the cylindrical tower on the north was built.

In the late 19th and in the early 20th century, manor farm buildings were erected around the palace. Until 1945, the estate remained in the hands of the von Francken-Sierstorpff family. In the 1960s, parts of the eastern and southern wing were destroyed by fire. In the 1970s, the building was re-designed, and it has been housing a Social Welfare Home since then.

Descritpion

The palace in Jędrzejów is located in the centre of the town, on a fenced plot of land, with the entrance gate to the west from the palace. It seats on a small hill and is surrounded by an English park.

It was built on a floor plan shaped as an “L” letter, with a quadrangular clock tower at the meeting point of the wings from the south and a cylindrical tower in the north-eastern corner. Its body is partitioned with numerous turrets, avant-corps, and terraces. The biggest terrace is located on the east. It is circumscribed by a stone openwork tracery balustrade and stone stairs on the axis, through which it can be accessed. In its centre, there is a quatrefoil fountain bowl with a sculpture group in the centre.

The palace is built of brick and plastered. The plinth section is covered with granite slabs. The southern wing has four storeys and the eastern wing three. The tower, which overlooks the whole building, has five storeys. Originally, the palace was covered with gable and three-pitched roofs, and the towers with conical spires. After the fire, the wings were covered with squat roofs, and the towers with flat terrace roofs.

The façades of the palace feature lavish architectural neo-Gothic decoration: traceries, ornamental gables, pinnacles, crockets, gargoyles. They are articulated vertically with window openings of various shapes and sizes, in plaster surrounds, some of them decorated with pointed-arch tracery pediments. Horizontally, the façades are articulated with a plinth, cornices underneath windows, and a crowning cornice, arcaded frieze under the cornice and crenellation in the top section. In the southern façade, there are also regularly arranged turrets embedded in the wall face and protruding above its top section. The tower façade is preceded by a portico with pointed-arch arcades in which there is a portal with an entrance. Above, on the first storey level, there is an ornamental gable decorated with pinnacles and crockets, and the coat of arms of the Francken-Sierstorpff family. Between the windows, in the avant-corps of the eastern façade and in the bay window in the northern façade, there are panels with dates 1884, 1883, and a coat of arms.

The traffic network inside the palace is not uniform. The corps de logis is of a three-bay type, while the eastern wing - of a two-bay type. Originally, some of the rooms were arranged in an enfilade. Currently, due to the function of the building, the layout was changed. The former décor (wood panelling, joinery, neo-Gothic furniture, built-in wardrobes, benches, cupboards.

Limited access to the monument. At present, the palace houses a Social Welfare Home.

compiled by Aleksandra Ziółkowska, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Opole, 05-12-2015.

Bibliography

  • Gaworski M., Atrakcje Euroregionu Pradziad. Zamki i Pałace, Prudnik 2009, s. 28-29
  • Molak E., Racławicki I., Zapomniane zabytki. Dwory i pałace wiejskie południowej Polski. Śląsk Opolski, t. 2, Opole 2011, s. 106-114
  • Karta ewidencyjna zabytku architektury, Pałac w Jędrzejowie, oprac. Godlewski P., 1996, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Ochrony Zabytków w Opolu.
  • Karta ewidencyjna zabytku architektury, Zespół pałacowy z folwarkiem w Jędrzejowie, oprac. Oleksicki A., Tomecka B., 1997, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Ochrony Zabytków w Opolu.

General information

  • Type: palace
  • Chronology: 1830 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Jędrzejów
  • Location: Voivodeship opolskie, district brzeski, commune Grodków - obszar wiejski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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