Conical hillfort, Głuszyna
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl
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The hillfort in Głuszyna may be a remnant of a late mediaeval watchtower located in the area of the Silesian Cutting (Przesieka Śląska).

History

The surface examination demonstrate that the site was occupied in the late mediaeval period. However, a thorough survey needs to be taken up.

Location and description

The hillfort sits in the north part of the village, in a local “park”, upon the Głuszynka Brook, about 100 meters west of the road cutting through the settlement towards the village of Brzezinka.

The hillfort is oval in shape with the dimensions of 20x21 m. The cone of about 2.5-3 m in height is clearly elevated above the present-day ground level. It is surrounded by a moat: about 6-8 meters wide in the east and about 10-12 m wide in the north and west. The 1-meter-deep moat is filled with water. The contour of the moat from the south and south-east is indiscernible. The remains of the rampart (embankment) are still visible. The site is overgrown with trees and shrubs.

Status and results of archaeological research

The surface and survey examination of 2000 was conducted by K. Bykowski and M. Bednarek. They exposed 18 pieces of dishes. In 2001, a contour plan was drawn up.

The fort in Głuszyna is located at the border between Silesia and Wielkopolska, now at the junction of three regions: Opole, Lower Silesia and Wielkopolska. The site is located between the village of Smogorzów, probably hosting the bishops of Wrocław in the Middle Ages, and Rychtal, owned by the Teutonic Order in the mediaeval period.

The hillfort is located in a privately-owned “park” with lush greenery.

Compiled by Krzysztof Spychała, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Opole, 10-12-2014.

Bibliography

  • Spychała K., Czy możliwe jest jeszcze odkrycie nieznanych grodzisk? [w:] Archeologia Żywa, Nr 3(37), 2006, s.61-62;
  • Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Ochrony Zabytków w Opolu teczka nr A-35/2004 oraz Karta Ewidencji Stanowiska Archeologicznego Głuszyna nr 50, AZP 78-36/18.

General information

  • Type: hillfort
  • Chronology: XIII-XV w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Głuszyna
  • Location: Voivodeship opolskie, district namysłowski, commune Namysłów - obszar wiejski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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