Palace, park and manor farm complex, currently a hotel with a restaurant, Galiny
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Palace, park and manor farm complex, currently a hotel with a restaurant

Galiny

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One of the few preserved large manor complexes which feature the complete surviving spatial layout. The complex was renovated to extremely high standards and adapted to contemporary functions.

History

The village and manor of Galiny was chartered by the Teutonic Order in years 1332-1336. From 1486 to 1945, the property was owned by the zu Euleburg family, one of the most powerful noble families in Prussia, who have received a comital title in 1786. Their original residence was a fortified manor house built on a hill that stood by a meandering river which flowed through a ravine. In 1589, Botho zu Eulenburg built the manor which researchers refer to either as a Late Gothic edifice or as the first Renaissance manor house in Prussia; both the overall shape and many of the decorations and fittings of this building (including the sgraffito decorations on the gable walls and the wooden interior fittings) have survived to the present day. In the mid-18th century, the manor house was thoroughly redesigned, although the original main body of the building was left intact. In addition, a number of buildings around the palace courtyard were either redesigned or built from scratch: the northern wing and outbuilding, the orangerie, the gate building with a tower, a coach house and a stable. In 1745, a half-timbered granary was built ahead of the courtyard entrance. After a fire which swept across the complex in 1829, the surroundings of the courtyard were redesigned through the addition of turrets, battlements and gables in the Neo-Gothic style. The entire complex regained its Neo-Baroque form in 1921, the architect responsible for this redesign being count Hochberg. With the passing of time, the courtyard and the surrounding buildings changed lost their utility function and became a purely residential complex, with the production and utility functions taken over by the manor farm located beyond the old moat and comprising three yards, a number of utility and stock buildings, a mill, a forester’s lodge and a manorial village. The manor farm received its current form during the 19th century. A formal garden was most probably created alongside the palace in the very beginning, its relatively small size resulting from the limitations imposed by the surrounding terrain. During the 19th century, a small landscape park was established owing to the efforts of the erstwhile owner of the manor, Malvina from the Dohna-Schlodien line. Due to the limited amount of space around the palace, the functions of ther park were performed by the arranged forest along the river, situated on the eastern side of the complex. At the end of the 19th century the property was transformed into majorat (an arrangement giving the right of succession to a single heir, based on male primogeniture) with total area of approx. 1300 ha. After 1945, the property was taken over by the state; both the palace and the manor farm, divided and exploited by many users, have slowly begun to dilapidate. From 1995 onwards, the complex has been in private hands once again, with wide-ranging restoration works being performed on an ongoing basis.

Description

The property is situated about 10 km to the south from Bartoszyce, by the road leading from Bartoszyce towards Bisztynek. The complex consists of a number of constituent parts which are separate from one another in terms of spatial arrangement: the residential section, comprising the palace and park, as well as the and manor farm. The palace is a two-storey brick building with plastered walls, designed on a rectangular floor plan and featuring a luxuriously appointed first floor. The facades of the palace follow a nine-axis design with a central entrance. The building is covered with a half-hip roof with dormer windows positioned on the axis of the building. A cartouche incorporating a coat of arms is positioned above the entrance. A restored brick porch with a terrace adjoins the side wall of the building. Surviving original interior features include the two-bay layout of the ground floor and the lierne vaults in individual rooms as well as some of the period interior fittings from the period between the 16th and the 19th century, including the staircase constructed in the mid-18th century, the Late-Renaissance fireplace, Renaissance doors, stoves and fireplaces from different epochs and built-in wardrobe from the 17th century. The palace courtyard is surrounded by a number of buildings: the northern wing of the palace and the outbuilding with relics of Gothic walls, the orangerie, the gate building with a coach house and stable (currently adapted as a hotel). A small, 4-hectare landscape park was designed in a manner which takes advantage of the natural terrain features; it is located in the valley of the meandering Pisa river, spanning across the sloping sides of the ravine. The park itself consists of a number of sections in which the elaborate layout of watercourses - including a pond which dominates the entire composition, a number of islets, a dam and water cascades - has been meticulously recreated; other notable features include a network of informal paths on the slopes of the ravine, gazebos and viewing terraces with an excellent view of the surrounding area, including the main view corridor towards the church in the village. A number of educational paths were laid out in the parts of the forest which are historically linked to the nearby park. The manor farm features a preserved spatial layout; most of the 19th-century manor farm buildings survive as well, including the manorial granary, stables, cowsheds, a forge and the unique, half-timbered palace granary from 1745 as well as residential buildings. The palace and manor farm site is private property.

Accessible historic building.

Compiled by Marzena Zwierowicz, 12.12.2014.

 

Bibliography

  • Lorck von, C., Landschlösser und Gutshäuser in Ost- und Westpreussen, Frankfurt am Main 1972, p. 223-225.
  • Jackiewicz Garniec M., Garniec M., Pałace i dwory dawnych Prus Wschodnich, Olsztyn 1999, p. 148-153.
  • Kanon krajoznawczy Warmii i Mazur, S. Harajda, I. Liżewska, K. Młynarczyk (red.), Olsztyn 2010, p.33.
  • Rzempołuch A., Przewodnik po zabytkach sztuki dawnych Prus Wschodnich, Olsztyn 1992, p. 6-7.
  • Rzempołuch A., Architektura dworska w Prusach Książęcych i na Warmii, „Roczniki Humanistyczne”, 2002, t.1. z.4, p.200-201.
  • www.palac-galiny.pl

General information

  • Type: palace
  • Chronology: 1589
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Galiny
  • Location: Voivodeship warmińsko-mazurskie, district bartoszycki, commune Bartoszyce
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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