Manor and farm complex, Dzikowiec
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Manor and farm complex

Dzikowiec

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The complex, consisting of a manor house, an outbuilding, a granary, a coach house, a brewery, a chapel and a park, represents an example of elaborate manor complex, typical for the Podkarpackie Voivodeship.

History

The manor in Dzikowiec was built in 1833 at the initiative of Józef Błotnicki, co-owner of the town. Together with Jan Piotrowski, he bought the town at an auction organised by the Austrian authorities. In 1890 the manor was slightly reconstructed: two porches on shorter façades of the manor house were added. The property remained in the hands of the Błotnicki family until the outbreak of World War II, when it was confiscated by the Germans. During the 2nd half of the 20th century, the manor and a park were used by the Child Care Centre, while utility buildings were used by the local Commune Cooperative. From 1982 onwards the building housed a local government kindergarten. Currently, the building remains out of use. Structures forming the manor and farm complex were erected in the 19th century. At that time, the park was arranged in the English style.

Description

The manor, consisting of a manor house, an outbuilding, a granary, a coach house, a brewery, a chapel and a park, is located in the central part of the town, close to the intersection of main roads. The manor borders on a local road in the west and on other village buildings and arable fields elsewhere around.

The Classicist manor house was erected on a rectangular floor plan, with small porches and avant-corps along the axes of all external walls. Rectangular, brick, one-storey body with a basement, covered with a hip roof clad with interlock sheet metal, is diversified at the front by a vestibule on a rectangular floor plan, covered with a gable roof, and a pentagonal avant-corps covered with a multi-hipped roof on the side of the garden as well as two open porches on shorter façades, featuring roof covers resting on piers. The front, east façade has eight axes and features a three-axis vestibule with an oculus in a triangular pediment. The west, garden façade has nine axes and features a multi-angle avant-corps along the axis, from which twin flights of stairs lead to the garden. Additionally, it features two twin faux avant-corps that frame the building. The façades include decorations in the form of double pilasters, refined window surrounds, window headers, window sills and an elaborate string course. The interior was designed in a two-bay arrangement, with rooms located on both sides of the hall and drawing room.

The outbuilding is located in the immediate vicinity of the manor house, on the northern side of the porte-cochère at the front. The building is made of brick on an elongated rectangular floor plan; it has one storey and is covered with a gable roof clad with ceramic roof tiles; it has a modest ornament on a stepped gable. Formerly, it housed rooms for the service and a small coach house; currently, its interior shows traces of alterations.

The granary is situated at a certain distance from the manor house, in the southern part of the complex. It was made of brick on a rectangular floor plan, partitioned by wooden ceilings into four storeys, with a rhythmical arrangement of small windows on façades, and topped with a half-hip roof.

A coach house and a brewery constitute a single building, formerly sharing two functions. It is situated close to the entrance gate to the manor park. It was built of brick on an elongated rectangular plan; it has a rectangular body and is covered with a gable roof; the roof includes an additional slope in the northern part, characterised by a smaller angle of inclination. Inside, it houses rooms for different purposes; the rooms feature ceilings at different heights.

The chapel is located in the northern part of the park, close to the pond’s shore. Its Classicist style is accentuated by six simple columns on a hexagonal plinth, on which rests a shingled, pyramid-shaped roof. In the middle of the colonnade there is a figure of St John of Nepomuk.

The manor is surrounded by a landscape park that includes a large, eye-catching pond with a semi-circular, masonry viewing terrace slightly projecting ahead of the pond’s face. The park includes original tree stands of native and foreign species as well as a layout of alleys and paths in a nearly unchanged form.

The manor constitutes private property.

compiled by Barbara Potera, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Rzeszow, 13-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Libicki P., Dwory i pałace wiejskie w Małopolsce i na Podkarpaciu, Poznań 2012, s. 80
  • Polakowski S. Pozostałości założeń dworskich województwa podkarpackiego, Krosno 2012, s. 157-158
  • Karta ewidencyjna zabytku architektury i budownictwa, tzw. biała, do budynków: dworu, oficyny, spichlerza, bud. folwarcznego, kapliczki, autor: K. Tur, 1991, archiwum UOZ Rzeszów

General information

  • Type: manor house
  • Chronology: 1833 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Dzikowiec
  • Location: Voivodeship podkarpackie, district kolbuszowski, commune Dzikowiec
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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