Palace complex, Dołhobyczów
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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The palace complex in Dołhobyczów is a rare example of a ‘Palladian complex’ dating from the second quarter of the 19th century. The palace was designed by eminent architect Antonio Corazzi for renowned art patron and collector Edward Rastawiecki. A landscape part and an interesting complex of farm building have been preserved in the surrounding area to the present day.

History

The current palace and park complex was formed in several stages on the site previously occupied by the former seat during the 19th century. In the early 19th century Ludwik Rastawiecki built a single-storey manor house with four corner extensions, which around 1837 was extended for Edward Rastawiecki according to a design by Antoni Corazzi, a renowned neoclassical architect, in cooperation with architect Antoni Beck. Extensions to the complex involved an outward and upward extension to the main body, to which quarter-circular galleries connecting the palace to the outbuildings were added based on the model of ‘Palladian complexes’. It is probable that the palace was built at the same time as the utility pavilion (a stable with a coach house) and a granary, as well as other (non-extant) utility buildings. The second half of the 19th century saw the construction of the administrator’s house. The palace complex was partly destroyed during the First and Second World War. The palace was renovated after 1953 and from the 1970s onwards, which involved carrying out certain transformations. After the Second World War it served as a State Agricultural Farm (PGR), currently it remains in the hands of private individuals and disused.

Description

The palace and park complex occupies an area of approx. 10 ha, situated in the western part of the village, and consists of a palace located between a yard, flanked by two outbuildings to the east, and a vast landscape part to the west, an utility pavilion (a stable with a coach house) in the vicinity of the south-eastern corner of the yard, a granary to the north of the administrator’s house by the main access alley. The palace is designed in the neoclassical style, with the front facade facing the east. The main body was built on a rectangular floor plan, consists of two storeys, and features two suits of rooms, with a hall and a drawing room on the axis. The sides of the body adjoin single-storey side wings added perpendicularly on the site previously occupied by the original corner extensions, to which quarter-circular pillar gallery was annexed (the southern one was probably built at the same time as the palace, whereas the northern one was erected during renovations to the palace in the 1970s). The building is made of brick from the local brick factory (signed with the mark ‘ER’) and plastered. The ceilings and the staircase date from the modern period, are made of reinforced concrete; the wooden roof truss also dates from the modern period; the hip roof is covered with sheet metal The front (eastern) and rear seven-axis facades have insignificant three-axis avant-corps in the centre. The front features a six-column portico with a balcony on the first floor. The facade facing the garden features a semi-circular colonnade supporting the balcony , on the site of the original two-storey colonnade covered with a flattened cupola ceiling. The corners of the body and avant-corps are framed by pilasters, including Doric pilasters on the ground floor and Ionic pilasters on the upper storey. The facades are partitioned with a string course and crowned with entablature with a block cornice. The attic wall in the garden avant-corps is decorated with reliefs depicting geniuses. The window openings are rectangular, crowned with a cornice above the windows; the garden avant-corps on the first floor they are topped with semi-circular arches. The clover-shaped windows in the single-storey wing on the south-western side illuminate the former Moorish room. The interior is devoid of the original decor and fittings. The northern and southern outbuildings are similar, neoclassical, positioned on both sides of the yard, connected with the palace by means of pillar galleries, built on a rectangular floor plan, single-storey, featuring a two-bay, originally three-bay, interior layout. They are built of brick, plastered, covered with hip roofs with cladding made of sheet metal. The facades ar4 longitudinal and symmetrical, and have insignificant three-axis avant-corps in the centre. The corners are rusticated; avant-corps partitioned with pilasters; the whole structure is crowned with a wide, profiled cornice and a knee wall dating from the post-war reconstruction. The utility pavilion (stables with a coach house) was erected in the form of a small neo-Gothic castle. Originally, it was built on a plan similar to the letter ‘L’; currently, only its north-western fragment with a round two-storey tower and a corridor connecting the tower to the other (ruined) parts thereof has been preserved to the present day. The building is made of brick and plastered. The basement walls feature pointed-arch and semi-circular window and door openings, whereas they are in the shape of a four-lobed leaf on the upper storey. The lower storey of the tower is covered with thin rustication; the upper one is pierced by oculi and crowned with crenellation supported on corbels. The roof and ceiling have not been preserved. The neoclassical granary consists of two storeys and was built on a rectangular floor plan, with a basement, originally covered with a half-hip roof (now damaged). The interior layout features one and a half suite of rooms and is similar on both storeys, with recessed porticoes and halls in the front (southern) suite of rooms and a large hall and a small locality in the rear suite of rooms. The building is made of brick and plastered. Three-arcade recessed porticoes supported by massive columns along the axis of the front facade on both storeys; the storeys are separated by a flat string course; the whole structure is crowned with a profiled crowning cornice. The corners and portico are framed by rustication. The window openings are small, rectangular in shape (originally barred); and secondarily enlarged on the rear facade. The interior now lies in ruins. The administrator’s house is eclectic, built on a rectangular floor plan, consists of a single storey, with a symmetrical interior layout featuring a single and two suites of rooms, with halls along the edge axes. It was built of brick, covered with a gable roof (with modern dormers) reinforced with sheet metal. The facade are made of brick, with plastered architectural detail. The outermost axes of the front facade pseudo-avant-corps are ornamented by pilasters with quaint heads and terminated by lavishly profiled segmental cornices with keystones and pinnacles. The tops are decorated with overhanging arcades with bling oculi. The blind windows and window surrounds are closed segmentally; in the extended window surrounds they consist of wide lintels with keystones, stylised slopes on the sides and bands of strapwork under window sills. The landscape park was designed in the romantic style, has two access alleys, numerous gazebo interiors and lines of trees and currently the disused pond in the southern part of the site.

Limited access to the monument. Private property. The structure can be viewed from the outside.

Compiled by Bożena Stanek-Lebioda, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Lublin, 28.08.2014.

 

Bibliography

  • Aftanazy R., Dzieje rezydencji na dawnych kresach Rzeczypospolitej, vol. 4: Województwo bełskie, ziemia chełmska województwa ruskiego, Wrocław 1995, p. 18.
  • Hałata A., Recepcja założenia palladiańskiego w pałacowej architekturze rezydencjonalnej na Zamojszczyźnie w XIX wieku. Analiza funkcjonalna, [in:] Dwór polski - zjawisko historyczne i kulturowe, Kielce 2002, p. 16.
  • Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce, vol. 8: Województwo lubelskie, issue 6: Powiat hrubieszowski, Warsaw 1964, pp. 5-7, fig. 60.
  • Omilanowska M., Polska. Pałace i dwory, Warsaw 2005, pp. 66-67.
  • Ryszkiewicz A., Zasługi Edwarda Rastawieckiego jako kolekcjonera i mecenasa, [in:] Mecenas. Kolekcjoner. Odbiorca. Materiały Sesji SHS, Katowice, listopad 1981, Warsaw 1984, p. 147.

General information

  • Type: palace
  • Chronology: początek XIX w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Dołhobyczów
  • Location: Voivodeship lubelskie, district hrubieszowski, commune Dołhobyczów
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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