A complex of Greek Catholic parish tserkva of the Transfiguration of Christ, currently the Greek Catholic filial tserkva of the St Dmytro parish, Czerteż
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A complex of Greek Catholic parish tserkva of the Transfiguration of Christ, currently the Greek Catholic filial tserkva of the St Dmytro parish

Czerteż

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The tserkva complex in Czerteż constitutes an integral element of the landscape. This historic complex is distinctive for its high aesthetic values. The tserkva is an excellent example of durability of traditional canon/scheme of a wooden tripartite tserkva. The reconstruction carried out in the 19th century bestowed this previously three-domed tserkva, erected in 1742, with a single-domed body, paradoxically typical for the 18th century and at the same time endowed it with noble, harmonious proportions. The tserkva belfry bears witness to the encroachment of construction traditions of the Boykos on areas from outside this cultural scope.

History

The parish was mentioned already in 1448. The currently existing tserkva was erected in 1742 by efforts of a local priest, Jan Pacławski (the date is visible on the lintel of the portal leading to the narthex). In 1836 the building underwent restoration, during which the appearance of the initially three-domed tserkva changed to a great extent. Domes above the chancel and narthex were demolished and replaced with gable roofs. Inside, in the chancel and narthex (due to the elimination of domes) barrel vaults were introduced. It is possible that during that renovation a sacristy was added on the extension of the chancel to the east. In 1857 a belfry was added. Seńko Kita, a carpenter, was responsible for construction works (as we learn from an inscription carved on the portal inside the belfry). During the renovation in 1921 (other sources mention 1924) the west façade and skirt roofs were altered (among others, new rafter tails were installed and the inclination angle of roofs was changed) and the musical gallery was relocated from the nave to the narthex. In 1924 the wall painting was created, most probably, by Paweł Zaporożskij. Between 1946 and 1995 the tserkva was used by the Roman Catholic church. In 1967 the temple underwent a full-scale renovation (among others, windows were reconstructed to their original shape). In the 1980s a religious education house was erected in the area. The most recent restorations date back to 1998, 2009 and 2010. Currently, the temple serves the Greek Catholic community again.

Description

The complex is situated on an elevation in the eastern part of the village. The tserkva area is circumscribed by a new, wooden fence with a gate in the north-west. An oriented tserkva is located in the central point of the complex. Nearby, to the west of the tserkva, there is a wooden belfry; a new religious education house is located to the north. Several old gravestones have survived in the tserkva surroundings. North of the tserkva, outside the fenced area, there is a cemetery. The tserkva complex consists of a tserkva and a belfry (inscribed into the register of monuments) and remains of a cemetery. The church was built using wooden logs. It is a tripartite structure with a spacious nave on the square floor plan and half as wide narthex and chancel added to the nave - both set on a floor plan approximating that of a square as well. A rectangular sacristy, equal in width to the chancel, is added to the extension of the chancel. The tserkva’s body is compact with a pronounced, vertical and dominating middle part housing a nave. This part is nearly twice as high as other main segments of the structure. It is crowned with an octagonal tholobate covered with an eight-field, onion-like dome with a blind lantern. The narthex and chancel (including the sacristy not standing out as a separate element) are covered with gable roofs. Slightly below these roofs, the entire tserkva is circumscribed by a skirt roof resting on rafter tails, i.e. gradually extending logs. Walls and roof covers above the skirt roof are fully clad with wood shingles, while the log structure is left exposed below. Door and window openings are rectangular. A lintel of the portal leading to the narthex includes a carved inscription in Cyrillic stating the construction date of the tserkva. Inside, the narthex opens up into the nave at its entire width and height. A clearance between the nave and the chancel is rectangular and devoid of iconostasis. Above the tholobate, the nave contains a beamed ceiling. The chancel and narthex feature barrel vaults, while in the sacristy the ceiling is flat. On the west side of the narthex, there is a choir gallery, supported by two posts. The interior includes residues of wall paintings. The historic equipment of the tserkva includes a holy table from the early 20th century, two side altars from the mid 18th century and an altar in the sacristy. The iconostasis is stored at the Folk Architecture Museum in Sanok.

A wooden, free-standing belfry, set on a square floor plan, is located along the tserkva’s axis on the western side. It consists of two storeys with vertical weatherboarding of a different structure: log structure on the lower floor, post-and-frame structure on the upper. The lower storey includes two rectangular door openings with a pass-through passage; the upper storey features small bell openings. The storeys are partitioned by a wood-shingle skirt roof. The bell tower is covered with a tented roof clad with wood shingles and crowned with a quadrangular lantern. Inside, there is a portal with carved rose windows, construction date and name of carpenter.

The building is available for viewing from the outside all year round; interior tours upon prior telephone appointment.

compiled by Ryszard Kwolek, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Rzeszow, 27-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Bańkosz R., Cerkwie szlaku ikon, Krosno 2007
  • Michniewscy M. i A., Duda-Gryc M., Cerkwie drewniane Karpat. Polska i Słowacja. Przewodnik, Pruszków 2011
  • Katalog Zabytków Sztuki w Polsce, Woj. krośnieńskie, Lesko, Sanok, Ustrzyki Dolne i okolice, opr. E. Śnieżyńska-Stolotowa i F. Stolot, Warszawa 1982
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Czerteż, Cerkiew par. gr.-kat. p.w. Przemienienia Pańskiego, ob. kościół fil. rzym.-kat., opr. B. A. Bosakowie, Archiwum WUOZ w Przemyślu - Delegatura w Krośnie, 1991
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Czerteż, Dzwonnica przy cerkwi par. gr.-kat. p.w. Przemienienia Pańskiego, ob. kościele fil. rzym.-kat., opr. B. A. Bosakowie, Archiwum WUOZ w Przemyślu - Delegatura w Krośnie, 1991
  • Saładiak A., Pamiątki i zabytki kultury ukraińskiej w Polsce. Warszawa1993
  • Szematyzmy duchowieństwa grekokatolickiego z lat 1877, 1879, 1927, 1936, 1938-39

General information

  • Type: tserkva
  • Chronology: 1742 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Czerteż
  • Location: Voivodeship podkarpackie, district sanocki, commune Sanok
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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