Complex of parish church of All Saints, Cudzynowice
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Complex of parish church of All Saints

Cudzynowice

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Valuable example of a wooden church from the mid-18th century with Rococo fittings.

History

The parish was mentioned for the first time in 1326. Długosz writes about a wooden church of All Saints, under the auspices of nobility. In 1610, the parish was included by bishop Piotr Tomicki to the parish in Kazimierza Wielka, but the local parish priest was obliged to keep a vicar in Cudzynowice. In 1757, the owner of the village, Teresa nee Morsztyn Ossoliński, wife of the castellan of Sandomierz, founded a new church. The church was consecrated as a parish church on 20-06-1762 by bishop of Cracow Ignacy Kajetan Sołtyk. Part of the fittings of the old church was transferred here. In 1826, 1849 and 1891, the church was renovated, and in 1913, its interior was painted. After the World War II, a small treasury was built. In 1992, wood shingles were replaced by copper sheets. In 1993, the belfry was renovated, and in years 2002-03, also paintings on the ceiling of the presbytery. In 2010 renovation included three 18th-century doors, and in 2011, ceiling and wall painting in the nave. Also in 2011, floor was made, destroyed clamps and eaves weatherboards on façades were replaced, plinth was repaired, and a surround of granite blocks was made.

Description

The complex is located in the centre of the village, on the eastern side of the road, in the middle of a fenced square. The body of the Baroque, oriented, three-nave church is almost square, with a rectangular presbytery of the width of the main nave adjoining it, featuring a three-side ending section. The church is wooden and based on a log structure, resting on a foundation. The nave is adjoined from the south and west by porches, the presbytery is adjoined from the north by the sacristy, from the south — by the small treasury, and from the east — by a getsemani. The belfry is located to the south from the church. The nave and presbytery are covered by separate roofs. The steeple has the form of a hexagonal turret under a domed roof, topped with a lantern under a bulbous dome with a cross. The walls are tightened with iron anchors and strengthened with clamps on both sides. Corner clamps are in the form of pilasters. The foundation is plastered and supports façades with vertical board and batten siding. The façades are topped with a cornice. The walls inside are painted. In the presbytery, there is a ceiling with a conriced facet, over the main nave — a faux cloister vault with a flat centre section, and over side naves, a quarter-barrel vault. The rectangular rood opening with oblong corners frames a profiled rood beam. Side naves are separated by a pair of pillars with Corinthian capitals. The clamps are stylised to resemble pilasters. The choir gallery rests on two columns. The rood contains a Gothic crucifix from the 1st half of the 15th century. The main altar features a painting of Crucifixion from the 4th quarter of the 18th century-19th century, attributed to Franciszek Smuglewicz, and on the sliding panel, a painting of All Saints originating from the 17th century. In the side northern altar, there is a painting of Virgin Mary with Child, between late-Baroque sculptures of St. Anna and St. Joachim, chiselled by the Cracow workshop in the early 18th century, and on the sliding panel — a painting of Immaculate Conception of the Holy Virgin Mary from the first half of the 18th century. On the southern altar, there is a painting of St. Francis, and the sliding panel of the altar features a painting of St. Anthony of Padua originating from the end of the 17th century. Moreover, there is also a painting by T. Mejbaum of 1841, presenting St. Joseph, Gothic sculptures of St. Catherine and St. Dorothea from the 2nd half of the 15th century, Rococo ambo and pipe organ, late-Baroque baptismal font and holy water font. A square post-and-frame belfry rests on a stone foundation. It is a two-storey structure whose second storey is significantly lower, with vertical cladding up to the string course cornice, and then with horizontal cladding, covered with a tented roof laid with wood shingles. The roof is topped with an arcaded lantern on an octagonal base, with a bulbous dome with a cross.

The historic building is accessible from outside, access to the interior upon consent.

Compiled by Nina Glińska, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland Kielce, 28.10.2014.

Bibliography

  • Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce, vol. III: Województwo kieleckie, fasc. 9: Powiat pińczowski, compiled by Kutrzebianka Kazimiera, Łoziński Jerzy, Wolff Barbara, Warszawa 1961, pp. 14-15.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Kościół par. p.w. Wszystkich Świętych, compiled by Adamczyk Anna, Cudzynowice 1994, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Dzwonnica w zespole kościoła par. p.w. Wszystkich Świętych, compiled by Adamczyk Anna, Cudzynowice 1994, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Zespół kościoła par. p.w. Wszystkich Świętych, compiled by Adamczyk Anna, Cudzynowice 1994, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Ołtarz główny, compiled by Wojtasik Zbigniew, Cudzynowice 1995, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Ołtarze boczne, 1. Niepokalanego Poczęcia N.M.P. /pn./, 2. Św. Antoniego /pd./ , compiled by Wojtasik Zbigniew, Cudzynowice 1995, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Ambona, compiled by Wojtasik Zbigniew, Cudzynowice 1995, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Chrzcielnica, compiled by Wojtasik Zbigniew, Cudzynowice 1995, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Kropielnica, compiled by Wojtasik Zbigniew, Cudzynowice 1995, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Słownik artystów polskich i obcych w Polsce działających (zmarłych przed 1966 r.), vol. V, Warszawa 1993, pp. 479.
  • Adamczyk A., Kościoły drewniane w województwie kieleckim, Kielce 1998, pp. 61-67.
  • Adamczyk A., Modras J., Polanowski L., Prace przy zabytkach architektury sakralnej i zabudowie miejskiej [in:] compiled by Cedro J. and others, Prace konserwatorskie w woj. świętokrzyskim w latach 2001-2012, Kielce 2014, pp. 35.
  • Dziamarga A., Cudzynowice. Parafia pw. Wszystkich Świętych. Dekanat kazimierski  [in:] ks. Tkaczyk P. (ed.) Diecezja kielecka. Miejsca - Historia - Tajemnice, Kielce 2011, pp. 69-70.
  • Mirowski R., Drewniane kościoły i dzwonnice ziemi świętokrzyskiej, Kielce 2002, pp. 22-23
  • Wiśniewski J., Historyczny opis kościołów, miast, zabytków i pamiątek w Pińczowskiem, skalbmierskiem i wiślickiem, Mariówka 1927, pp. 45-48.

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: 1757 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Cudzynowice
  • Location: Voivodeship świętokrzyskie, district kazimierski, commune Kazimierza Wielka - obszar wiejski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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