Parish church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Cieszków
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Parish church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Cieszków

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A manorial church designed in the Rococo style, featuring an elaborate yet tasteful design and a stylistically uniform interior décor.

History

The funds for the construction of the church were provided by Katarzyna Ludwiga née Sapieha, her intention being to build a manorial chapel for her family. The construction commenced in 1753 or 1756, with the new building replacing an earlier, wooden church. The design of the church is attributed to Karol Martin Frantz, whose inspiration were reportedly the works of the Dientzenhofer family, whose members were renowned architects from Bohemia. The works were conducted by two master brickmasons - Joseph Pöltz from Wrocław and Leopold Ostritz from Trzebnica.

Description

The church is a single-nave structure, its layout being a mixture of a central and longitudinal plan, featuring a dome rising above the middle bay, supported by pillars bound together by a series of arches. The chancel bay is narrower than the nave and features a semi-circular apse which houses the altarpiece as well as quadrangular annexes containing the chapel of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Częstochowa and the sacristy, with galleries positioned directly above. The western bay is adjoined by symmetrical, square annexes as well as the western section of the church which houses the vestibule and the pipe organ loft. The front façade is an impressive, ornate design flanked by a pair of towers with double-pitched cupolas. The front façade pediment incorporates a sculpted cartouche with the coat of arms of the noble family whose members founded the church. The interior fixtures and fittings are designed in a uniform Rococo style and date back to ca. 1755. There is also an epitaph plaque commemorating the church’s founder, Katarzyna Ludwika Sapieha, first married surname Michałowa Sapieżyna, second married surname von Lilienhoff, who died in 1779 and was buried in the crypt below.

Limited access to the historic building.

compiled by Grzegorz Grajewski, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Wrocław, 03-12-2014.

Bibliography

  • Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce. Seria Nowa, vol. 4: Województwo wrocławskie, issue 3: Milicz, Żmigród, Twardogóra i okolice, Warszaw 1997, pp. 14-17.
  • Pilch J., Leksykon zabytków architektury Dolnego Śląska, Warsaw 2005, p. 54.
  • Sobczyńska-Szczepańska M., Problem autorstwa kościoła dworskiego w Cieszkowie oraz świątyni trynitarzy w Krotoszynie w świetle źródeł, „Biuletyn Historii Sztuki” Vol. 75, 2013, no. 3, pp. 405-424.
  • Wrabec J., Kościół dworski w Cieszkowie: fundator i architekt - architektura i jej funkcja, [in:] Z dziejów sztuki śląskiej, Z. Świechowski (ed.), Warsaw 1978, pp. 303-339.
  • Wrabec J., Architektoniczny język Dientzenhoferów czeskich na Śląsku, Wrocław 2004.
  • Zabytki sztuki w Polsce. Śląsk, Wrocław 2006, p. 208.

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: 2 poł. XVIII w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Cieszków
  • Location: Voivodeship dolnośląskie, district milicki, commune Cieszków
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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