St Michael the Archangel Parish Church, Cieklin
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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St Michael the Archangel Parish Church

Cieklin

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The temple in Cieklin is one of the most interesting realisations of the well-known architect, Jan Sas Zubrzycki. It presents high artistic values, among others, in the form of façades arranged in stone - a solution scarcely applied in this region. The tower cupola was also made of stone.

History

The parish in Cieklin existed already before 1480, similarly as the church. The present temple is chronologically the third sacred building in the town. In 1897 (according to B. Bosak) or in 1901 (K. Stefański) the construction of a new church began to the design of Jan Sas Zubrzycki. The works were completed in 1903 (K. Stefański) or in 1904 (B. Bosak). In 1904 the church was consecrated by the Bishop of Przemyśl, Jan Sebastian Pelczar.

Description

The church is located in the central part of the village, east of the main road, on the right bank of Bednarka river. It is oriented to the east and its axis slightly shifts to the north-east.

The temple was built in a Romanesque Revival style. It was erected on a Latin cross floor plan and has a diversified decoration. The church is a three-nave one (three-bay naves), with an octagonal intersection of the main nave and the transept. The chancel terminates in a semi-circle. In the south the chancel is flanked by a chapel opening towards the transept, while in the north - a sacristy. The church in Cieklin is a hall temple with a massive, fragmented body. The front façade has a form of a relatively low tower topped with a soaring pyramid dome, at the base of which corner pinnacles and small attics were added. The tower is flanked by a pair of low semi-turrets. The main nave, chancel and transept are of equal height. A steeple is located at the intersection of the nave and transept. The chancel terminates in a visibly lower apse. The sacristy and a corresponding chapel in the south are of similar height to side naves. A small vestibule is added to the eastern wall of the sacristy. Similarly, a small apse is added to the chapel wall. The main nave, part of the chancel, transept and vestibule are covered with gable roofs. Roofs over the apses are similar to semi-cones. Side semi-turrets are surmounted by pyramid cupolas. The church is made of sandstone on the outside and of brick on the inside. Apart from the tower cupola, completely made of stone, other roof covers are made sheet metal. The front façade has one tower and side semi-turrets and is dominated by a monumental twin portal - with stepped, decorative archivolts and crowned with a tall wimperg with a centrally positioned rose window. Paired arched windows are located in semi-turrets. Side façades are buttressed, circumscribed by brick strips, while fragments thereof are circumscribed by dentil friezes. They are crowned with a frieze made of stylised corbels under the eaves. The rear façade has a similar decoration with additional application of bricks to accentuate window openings. East façades of the sacristy and chapel are crowned with crenellated semi-gables. Interior. The tall main nave opens towards low side naves through arcades resting on stone columns, surmounted by triple blind windows. On the walls at the intersection of the nave and transept, there are conch niches containing sculptures. The naves are topped with groin vaults. Cross-rib vaulting is found at the intersection. Arches of vaults above side naves rest, among others, on stone engaged columns positioned in nave walls. As regards decoration, side walls of the chancel are reminiscent of the main nave. Two stone portals lead from the chancel to the sacristy and chapel. Inside the temple, a stone pulpit in the form of a chalice draws particular attention (probably designed by J.S. Zubrzycki). The church décor, similar to the abovementioned pulpit, has a neo-stylistic convention and was created in the early 20th century (main altar and side altars, pulpit) and around the 1920s (confessionals, pews, wainscoting).

The building is available all year round; sightseeing upon prior telephone appointment.

compiled by Bartosz Podubny, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Rzeszow, 30-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Karta ewidencyjna zabytków architektury i budownictwa, tzw. karta biała, Cieklin, Kościół par. rzym.-kat. pw. Michała Archanioła, oprac. B. Bosak, 2000 r. (Archiwum WUOZ Delegatura w Krośnie)
  • Jan Sas Zubrzycki i Andrzej Lenik - z pracowni architekta i rzeźbiarza, Katalog wystawy, tekst oprac. K. Stefański, Wrocław 2004
  • Sarna W., Opis powiatu jasielskiego, Jasło 1908

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: 1901-1903
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Cieklin
  • Location: Voivodeship podkarpackie, district jasielski, commune Dębowiec
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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