Filial church of St. Stanislaus the Bishop, Chotelek
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

Filial church of St. Stanislaus the Bishop

Chotelek

photo

The only preserved structure in the Świętokrzyskie voivodeship representing 16th century wooden sacred construction.

History

According to Długosz, the church was built at the initiative of bishop of Płock Wit for his mother who was reluctant to travel to the parish in Busko because of old age. It was probably in 1190. Allegedly, the church had another patron then, since St. Stanislaus as patron appears only in the 2nd half of the 13th century. The first recorded reference originates from years 1350-51. In 1527, after the original church was destroyed, canon of Sądecczyzna Stanisław Słupski founded a new church and an altar. The church was consecrated in 1541 by bishop Dominik Małachowski. In 1765, a general renovation was carried out — the date was inscribed on a beam over the choir gallery. In the 1st quarter of the 19th century, walls of the buildings were laid with wood shingles. In 1813, due to a lack of care and bad condition of the church, part of the fittings was conveyed to the church in Stróżyska. In 1883, there was another renovation. In 1962 and 1983, wood shingles were replaced. In the latter year, also some wooden elements of the roof truss were replaced. In years 1983-87, ceiling boards were consecrated. In 2003, logs, roof truss and steeple were repaired, and wood shingles and formwork were replaced.

Description

The church is located in the northern part of the village (which is in fact part of the suburbs of Busko), on a small hill, ca. 2 km to the west from the road to Wiślica, by the local route. It is based on a log structure and rests on a stone foundation deeply immersed in the ground. It is an oriented, single-nave building with a rectangular nave and non-separated presbytery featuring a three-side ending section. From the south, it is adjoined by a later, nearly square porch based on a pillar structure, through which one has to go when entering the church. The church features a hip roof covered with wood shingles, with a triangular ending section and an attic truss. The porch is covered with a gable roof. The steeple is of hexagonal shape with an arcaded lantern under a bulbous dome covered with zinc sheets, with a high pinnacle ended by a crucifix on a globe. Façades are clad vertically with abutting weatherboards, under wide eaves. The ceiling is decorated with Renaissance wall painting of the 1st half of the 16th century (painted coffers with rosette and an artistic boss).  Over it, there are four beams featuring late-Gothic profiles. Similar beams are built into side walls. The choir gallery rests on one decorative small pillar. Floor is made of square stone plates. Entrance to the nave has rectangular surrounds, with a semi-circular ending section, decorated with a motif of an ogee arch. A Renaissance altar from the 2nd half of the 17th century, with an altar stone featuring Gothic foundation inscription of 1527, has two levels and lavishly decorated surrounds. It contains a painting of Crucifixion with Mary, St. John, and kneeling founder, with the Siekierz coat of arms and date 1624; on the sliding panel there is a Baroque painting of St. Stanislaus, and at the second level — a Baroque painting of St. Nicolas, with another painting, picturing St. Thecla, in the top section. Next to the altar, there are two gates with late-Gothic sculptures of Virgin Mary and St. John Evangelist. One can also find here a late-Gothic wooden crucifix originating from the early 16th century, a Gothic stone holy water font from the 16th century, a late-Renaissance wooden ambo from the 1st half of the 17th century, and a grave slab of Anna nee Gostyński Gniewosz from 1630. The most valuable element of the fitting: a wooden late-Gothic triptych with a painting of Sacra Conversazione, with preserved side leaf featuring paintings of Resurrection and Ascension (face), and Crucifixion and Lamentation (reverse side), by a Lesser Poland workshop in the 1st quarter of the 16th century. Since 1994, it has been stored in the spa chapel in Busko.

The historic building is accessible from outside, access to the interior upon consent.

Compiled by Nina Glińska, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland Kielce, 05.11.2014.

Bibliography

  • Corpus Inscriptionum Poloniae, vol. 1: Województwo kieleckie, Szymański J. (ed.), fasc. 3: Busko-Zdrój i region, compiled by Urszula Zgorzelska, Kielce 1980, pp. 57-58.
  • Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce, vol. III: Województwo kieleckie J.Z. Łoziński, B Wolff (ed.), fasc. 1: Powiat buski, compiled by Kazimiera Kutrzebianka, Warszawa 1957, pp. 14-15.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Kościół filialny p.w. św. Stanisława, compiled by Adamczyk Anna, Chotelek Zielony 1995, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Ołtarz główny, compiled by Wojtasik Zbigniew, Chotelek Zielony 1995, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Obraz - św. Mikołaj /w ołtarzy głównym/, compiled by Wojtasik Zbigniew, Chotelek Zielony 1995, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Rzeźba - krucyfiks ścienny, compiled by Wojtasik Zbigniew, Cudzynowice 1995, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Ornamenta ecclesiae. Sztuka sakralna diecezji kieleckiej. Katalog wystawy przygotowanej pod kierunkiem Krzysztofa Myślińskiego, Kielce 2000, pp. 57-58.
  • Adamczyk A., Kościoły drewniane w województwie kieleckim, Kielce 1998, pp. 55-60.
  • Adamczyk A., Modras J., Polanowski L., Prace przy zabytkach architektury sakralnej i zabudowie miejskiej [in:] compiled by Cedro J. and others, Prace konserwatorskie w woj. świętokrzyskim w latach 2001-2012, Kielce 2014, pp. 23-24.
  • Mirowski R., Drewniane kościoły i dzwonnice ziemi świętokrzyskiej, Kielce 2002, pp. 21-22.

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: 1527 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Chotelek
  • Location: Voivodeship świętokrzyskie, district buski, commune Busko-Zdrój - obszar wiejski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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