Cemetery chapel of Our Lady of Consolidation located at the parish cemetery,commune, within the limits of the building, Bydlin
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Cemetery chapel of Our Lady of Consolidation located at the parish cemetery,commune, within the limits of the building

Bydlin

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The cemetery chapel has retained its unchanged form, given to it in the 2nd half of the 19th century, original decoration of the interior, and fittings from earlier periods, as well as relics of the original building - an hermitage from the 18th century - and is a good example illustrating architectural changes from the end of 18th century to the end 19th century.

History

The beginnings of the village of Bydlin date back to the 12th century. Owing to its location at a trade route, leading from Cracow to Greater Poland, the settlement grew in wealth and in 1404, it is referenced in sources as a town. It was owned, consecutively, by Niemierza from Bydlin, Gałka from Galów, Pełka, and Zbigniew from Łapanów. In the 16th century, Bydlin was owned by the Boner family and the Firlej family. At the turn of the 16th and 17th century, Bydlin lost its municipal rights. The parish in Bydlin and the first wooden church of St Margarete were created in the end of the 14th century. In the 18th century, at the foot of the castle hill on which the decaying church of the Holy Cross was located, the chapel of Our Lady of Consolation was built in the place of the former Hermitage. In 1, pope Pius VII gave a breve to the church for plenary indulgence. In the parish register of 1764, miracles that took place due to prayers to the Holy Mother with Child whose 15th-century painted wooden figure was incorporated in the altar.

In the second half of the 19th century (1880-1884), at the initiative of the then parish priest, named Paprocki, the building was extended. The nave was elongated and extended upwards, and a small sacristy was added. In church documents from the times of construction of the chapel, there is information that stones used to build the chapel was taken from the former hermitage. In addition, the foundations visible at the wall of the chapel from the north-west have survived. The present form of the building originates from the 2nd half of the 19th century.

Description

The chapel is located within the borders of the present parish cemetery (where 46 legionaries of Józef Piłsudski, fallen on 18 November 1914 in the battle of Krzywopłoty, are buried), in its south-eastern part, at the foot of the castle hill. The chapel was build from stone on a rectangular floor plan, with a semi-circular abse. From the south, there is a sacristy and entrance to the choir. The building has one nave and is oriented (the chancel is slightly offset from the axis west-east to the north.

The chapel is covered by a multi-pitched roof clad with wood shingles, with a turret. In the south-west front façade over the entrance, there is a rose window, and side façades features pointed-arch windows. The church is covered by a barrel vault. In the chancel, the floor of stone ashlars has survived, and on the walls there are fragments of the original painting with figural depictions, foliage and geometric motifs. Also the wooden altar and choir have been preserved; in the altar, there was originally a sliding panel with a depiction of St Joseph, and a painting of St Nicholas in the top section of the altar. In the chapel's tomb, parish priest A. Paprocki, who extended the church in the late 19th century, is buried.

The monument is accessible.

compiled by Tomasz Woźniak, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Krakow, 08-09-2015.

Bibliography

  • Decyzja nr A-77/M w sprawie wpisania dobra kultury do rejestru zabytków nieruchomych województwa małopolskiego z dnia 02-03-2007 r., MWKZ Kraków
  • Dziechciarz O., Przewodnik po ziemi olkuskiej. Gminy Klucze i Pilica, t. II, cz. 1, Olkusz 2000
  • Katalog Zabytków Sztuki w Polsce, t. I, Województwo krakowskie , z. 12, Powiat olkuski, Warszawa 1953
  • Kiryk F., Zarys dziejów osadnictwa, [w:] Dzieje Olkusza i regionu olkuskiego, t. I, Warszawa - Kraków 1978
  • Krasnowolski B., Leksykon zabytków architektury Małopolski, Warszawa 2013

General information

  • Type: chapel
  • Chronology: XVIII w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Bydlin
  • Location: Voivodeship małopolskie, district olkuski, commune Klucze
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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