Railway station, Brzeg
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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The main railway station building erected in the early 1870s the is an important city landmark. Built in the so-called brick style, it boasts numerous neoclassical details. The exterior features minor symbolic motifs as well as the figures of Athens, Hermes, and Hephaestus as the personifications of knowledge, transportation, trade, technology, and industry.

History

The original railway station building of 1844 has not survived. At the beginning of the 1870s, todays’ station was built along with a post office. At the beginning of 2012, a major renovation of the station was completed. It covered, for example, the historic brick façades and window and door joinery. Also, the roofing was repaired as well as the interior of the posh ticket offices.

Description

The station building is located almost in the heart of the city, between Dworcowy Square and the railway line. The post office building is in the immediate vicinity (to the west).

The station building is a stand-alone structure with brick façades. Two-storey, it is built on a rectangular plan with three projections on the front. The middle projection (top) houses the main entrance with triple glass door, topped with transom windows. The front façade is of a 24-axis design (north). On the ground floor and in the projections, the axes are designated by rectangular, semicircularly topped window openings, embraced in pilasters, with lower-level plaques with the griffins motifs. The window openings in the second level are rectangular. The façades are also articulated by pilasters and topped with a profiled cornice based on consoles. In the back façade, the window openings are framed with plaques featuring floral decorations, gargoyles and plastic heads. The building is covered with low double-pitched roofs and hipped roofs over the projections.

The building houses a centrally located passenger lounge and ticket offices: in the upper part, supported by fluted pilasters and topped with an extensive facet and a central plafont on the ceiling. The concourse links to the platforms via a tunnel.

The monument is available to visitors.

Compiled by Aleksandra Ziółkowska, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Opole, 24-11-2015.

Bibliography

  • Ilkosz J., Wodzinska A., Studium historyczno-urbanistyczne miasta Brzeg, Wrocław 1986. 
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Dworzec kolejowy w Brzegu, oprac.  Skarbek J., 1997, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Ochrony Zabytków w Opolu.
  • Jarczyński M., Koziarski S., 150 lat kolei na Śląsku, Opole 1992.

General information

  • Type: railway infrastructure
  • Chronology: pocz. lat 70. XIX w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Plac Dworcowy 1, Brzeg
  • Location: Voivodeship opolskie, district brzeski, commune Brzeg
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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