Evangelical-Augsburg Cemetery, Bielsko-Biała
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Evangelical-Augsburg Cemetery

Bielsko-Biała

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Due to its artistic value, the cemetery is one of the most important complexes of this type in the region. It is characterised by an original design — a cemetery garden combined with a number of associated buildings, similar to a campo santo cemetery. The cemetery is also valuable due to its clear and unaltered historical layout and its well-preserved, historic graves, being important examples of funerary art of the early 20th century. At the same time, it is one of the most important necropolises of the city, in which many eminent persons who did great services to the city are buried.

History

The establishment of the Evangelical, i.e. new, cemetery, took place after no more space for graves was left in the previously used cemetery at Frycza-Modrzewskiego Street in the Bielski Syjon district. The new cemetery, laid out on the periphery of the contemporary Bielsko-Biała, was built in the years 1909—1911 based on a design by Hans Mayr, a Viennese architect known e.g. for designs of military cemeteries from the World War I period nearby Gorlice.

Description

The cemetery is located in the northern part of Bielsko Biała city centre, in Górne Przedmieście (“Upper Suburb”), at the intersection of Listopadowa Street and Asnyka Street. The necropolis, characterised by cemetery garden features, is situated on an irregular quadrangular plan. The layout of the cemetery, adjusted to the site topography, comprises three differently arranged sectors communicated by means of a net of wide avenues: a south one, a north-east one, consisting of rows of graves situated between parallel avenues, and a central one, with avenues extending radially from a semi-circular centre. In the south-west part, there is an individuated complex of associated buildings modelled on campo santo cemeteries, with an entrance gate at the front, whereas in the north-west part, there is a part of a former garden nursery, currently not in use. The building complex, situated in the south-west part, is arranged around a rectangular yard. It comprises a one-nave, Baroque Revival-Art Nouveau cemetery chapel (on the north-east side), a simplified classical morgue (on the south side), and a one-storeyed gravedigger’s house (on the north-west side), communicated by arcaded walls, with passages to the cemetery, as well as an entrance gate (to the west).

There are many artistically and historically valuable graves in the cemetery. In the northern part, there is a cast iron cross from 1935, dedicated to those who died in World War I.

The site is accessible — it is open to visitors every day.

compiled by Agnieszka Olczyk, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Katowice, 30-09-2014.

Bibliography

  • Chojecka E., Architektura i urbanistyka Bielska Białej 1855-1939, Katowice 1987.
  • Karta cmentarza Cmentarz wyznaniowy, ewangelicki [w Bielsku-Białej], Archiwum WUOZ.
  • Zabytkowe cmentarze i mogiły w Polsce, woj. Bielsko-Biała, red. A. Michałowski, E. Bartman, Warszawa 1995.
  • Zabytki Sztuki w Polsce. Śląsk, red. S. Brzezicki, C. Nielsen, Warszawa 2006.

General information

  • Type: cemetery
  • Chronology: 1909-1911
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Listopadowa , Bielsko-Biała
  • Location: Voivodeship śląskie, district Bielsko-Biała, commune Bielsko-Biała
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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