Średniowieczne grodziska zachodniej części Ziemi Niemodlińskiej
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

users tour Krzysztof Spychała

Średniowieczne grodziska zachodniej części Ziemi Niemodlińskiej

4

several hours

opolskie

Stanowisko archeologiczne numer 2 – grodzisko stożkowate
Roszkowice

15 minuts

transport time to the next site

16 min

Hillfort
Tłustoręby

15 minuts

The hill fort is a remnant of fortified settlements in the region of Niemodlin, increasing the knowledge of its range and nature in the Middle Ages. It is an important feature of the cultural landscape of the village that indicates long settlement tradition.

Location and description

The hill fort is located about 400 m south-west of the junction in the centre of the village of Tłustoręby, and about 350 m east of the Nysa Kłodzka river. It is situated in a meadow beside an arable field, at the back of the farms.

The structure has retained its shape to a small degree and now has the shape of a slightly arched hill with diffuse slopes, surrounded by a barely discernible moat. The entire site is overgrown with grass and situated on unused land. The nearby area is covered with small trees and shrubs.

History

The hill fort dates back to the early medieval period (11th-12th c.) and the high medieval period (14th-15th c.).

The structure was probably an old fortified settlement, mentioned by Oscar Vug, researcher exploring the history of Silesia, in the book entitled "Schlesische Heidenschanzen, ihre Erbauer und die Handelsstraßen der Alten" (Silesian fortifications, their builders and old trade routes) from 1890, where it is called a "castle hill" (Burghügel). In old folk records, the hill was also called a "Golden Mountain" (Goldberg), where a robbers' castle was believed to have been located.

Condition and results of archaeological research

Surface surveys were carried out in the interwar period, among others, by R. Schindler in 1932, who found fragments of vessels decorated with grooves and wavy ornaments, dated by Georg Raschke to the 11th-13th centuries.

Limited access. The monument is on private land.

compiled by gdalena Przysiężna-Pizarska, Ph.D., and Ewa Kalbarczyk-Klak, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Opole, 04-11-2014.

Bibliography

  • Kaźmierczyk J., Macewicz K., Wuszkan S., Studia i materiały do osadnictwa Opolszczyzny wczesnośredniowiecznej, Opole 1977, pp. 517.

transport time to the next site

8 min

Hillfort
Krasna Góra

15 minuts

The mediaeval hillfort is an important element of the regional history and of Krasna Góra. It sits on a hill that was used as a palace park in the later period.

History

The settlement dates from the 14th-16th century. It was discovered in the 1930s in the park area.

Location and description

The hillfort is located in the oxbow of the Nysa Kłodzka River, approx. 300 m south-west of the palace and grange complex and approx. 50 east of the levee of the Nysa Kłodzka River.

The cone of the fort has an almost square base, flat surface and steep slopes. It is surrounded by a slightly lower rampart of 2 m in height, preserved in five sections parallel to the sides of the cone (double rampart in the west part) and separated from it by a moat. The north and south sections of the rampart are of a wedge-like shape and besides the military function, they may have been used for farming or commercial purposes.

The thickness of the cultural layer (i.e. a layer accumulated when the settlement was occupied) on the inner yard is 40 cm. The entire site is overgrown with deciduous trees and low-rising vegetation; it is hardly discernible in the area.

Condition and results of archaeological research

The settlement was described in the 1930s. In the post-war period, the site was examined on the surface in 1958 and surveyed in 1972 by Eugeniusz Tomczak, Sylwia Wuszkan, and Klemens Macewicz. In the cultural layer and on the surface, they found pottery pieces, animal bones, pugging, etc.

The site is open to visitors. A park alley is accessible nearby leading from the grange to the levee. The movable monuments are stored in the the Archives in Wrocław and in the archives of the Opole Silesia Museum in Opole.

Prepared by Ewa Kalbarczyk-Klak, National Heritage Board of Poland, Regional Branch in Opole, and Magdalena Przysiężna-Pizarska, 12-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Schelenz W., Falkenberger Stimmen, Gedichte, Bräuche, Sagen und Erzählungen, Heimatverein Kreises Falkenberg O/S mit Unterstützung des Patenkreises Peine, Peine, 1993.

  • Woźniak M., Woźniak E., Pocztówka z Niemodlina - Gruss aus Falkenberg O.S., Niemodlin 2009.
  • Kaźmierczyk J., Wuszkan S., Macewicz K., Studia i materiały do osadnictwa Opolszczyzny wczesnośredniowieczenej,  Opole 1977,  s. 232 - 234.
  • Tomczak E., Mało znane warownie Górnego Śląska, Katowice 2012, s. 92-93.

transport time to the next site

8 min

grodzisko stożkowate
Grabin

30 minutes

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