Gdynia. Szlakiem świątyń przez Pomnik Historii
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

users tour Robert Chrzanowski

Gdynia. Szlakiem świątyń przez Pomnik Historii

16

one day

pomorskie

zespół kościoła parafialnego pw. św. Antoniego i klasztoru franciszkanów
Gdynia

30 minutes

Tenement of Antoni Ogończyk- Bloch and Leon Mazalon
Gdynia

15 minuts

It is an outstanding building designed in the functionalist style with evident influences of Dutch expressionism. The building is of enormous supra-regional value.

History

It was built between 1936 and 1937 for lawyer Antoni Ogończyk-Bloch and architect Leon Mazalon who also was the co-author of the design (together with Stefan Koziński). The authors were inspired by the expressionist buildings by Amsterdam school representatives.

Description

The luxurious corner tenement is located in the centre of Gdynia, in Świętojańska Street (eastern façade), at the intersection with Piłsudskiego Street (southern façade). The building was erected on an L-shaped floor plan; the part facing Świętojańska Street has shorter five-storey wing having a rectangular outline, whereas the part overlooking Piłsudskiego Street is a larger six-storey wing with a gateway on the ground floor level. The fifth floor of the wing facing Świętojańska Street was built further back from the rest to create space for a spacious terrace. Each wing has its own staircase and lift. A rounded and glazed corner part used for the so called winter gardens created on all storeys gives the tenement house more modernity and prestige. The façades were painted in light cream, which reflected light. The texture of the plaster was characterised by a strong pattern. The distinctive shape of the building emphasized by a stylistic S-shaped wave of the glazed corner, which smoothly flows into the eastern façade, and the wide southern façade with characteristic rows of "waving" balconies is full of movement and chiaroscuro. The ground floor is a commercial space and was deliberately glazed so as to expose the post-and-beam structure. The building had a gas and central heating system. In addition, it was the first building in Gdynia to have an anti-aircraft and gas cover (O.P.L.G).

The structure can be viewed from the outside. The commercial ground floor is open to the public.

compiled by Dorota Hryszkiewicz-Kahlau, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Gdańsk, 14-11-2014.

Bibliography

  • Sołtysik M., Modernistyczna Gdynia-dziedzictwo lat międzywojennych [w:] Renowacje i zabytki 2010, nr 4 (36), s.61-73
  • Sołtysik M.J., Gdynia miasto dwudziestolecia międzywojennego, urbanistyka i architektura, Warszawa 1993;
  • http://pomorskie.travel/Odkrywaj-Dziedzictwo_kulturowe-Zabytki_architektury Domy_i_Kamienice/4807/Kamienica_A_Ogo_czyka_Blocha_i_L_Mazalona
  • http://www.gdynia.pl/wszystko/o/gdyni/historia/5637_37.html

Gdynia - Historic Urban Layout of the City Centre
Gdynia

two hours

On 10 February 1920, General Józef Haller threw a ring into water of the Bay of Puck - a gesture intended as a symbol of the marriage between the Republic of Poland and the sea. This fact served to reaffirm the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles under which Poland took control over a 147-kilometre section of the coast. Gdańsk, together with its port infrastructure, remained outside the border and, as the Free City of Gdańsk, remained under thesupervision of the League of Nations. Dominated by the Germans, it was precluded from becoming a Polish maritime trading centre. Arguments for the construction of a new port also included numerous economic reasons e.g. possibility of bypassing the border barriers imposed by the neighbouring countries.

The choice fell on the region of the village of Gdynia, located at the mouth of the River Chylonka, where appropriate depth of the bay made it possible for ships to approach the coast, while the presence of a railway line ensured that goods could be transported to and from other locations in Poland. On 1 November, 1920, the Polish Economic Committee to the Council of Ministers granted an amount of 40 million marks to the Ministry of Military Affairs to construct a temporary military port and shelters for fishermen in Gdynia. Meanwhile, engineer Tadeusz Wenda started his work on the design of a commercial port capable of accommodating ocean-going ships. Works began in the spring of 1921. On 23 September 1922, the Legislative Sejm stated that the construction of the permanent port in Gdynia was one of the most significant tasks for the country. The works commenced in 1925; however, it was only in 1926 that they gathered momentum, as the position of the minister of industry and trade was taken over by Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski, an engineer.

During the same year, the construction of the city started to the south of the port. The plan for the city centre were drawn up on the basis of designs by Adam Kuncewicz and Roman Feliński, an urban planner from Lviv, who decided that the maritime “façade” of Poland - as Gdynia was called at the time - would be modelled on a sequence of squares in Nancy from the era of Stanisław Leszczyński. 10 Lutego street - together with an elongated square at its end, known as Kościuszki square - was to be the monumental axis of the plan. In 1936, after the completion of the Southern Pier which formed an extension of the said axis, the construction of a Grand District opening towards the sea also became a possibility, although the project was not finalised due to the outbreak of the World War II. The city centre, the construction of which was halted in 1939, features a unique urban layout, symbolically emphasising the link between Gdynia and the Baltic Sea.

The buildings comprising the centre originate mainly from the inter-war period; examples include the building of the Bank of Poland (1929) and the neo-Baroque church of the Blessed Virgin Mary - the Queen of Poland (1924-1927). However, it is Modernism that remains the dominant style in the area in question; the tenement houses from the 1930s in Świętojańska street, for example, are among the most interesting examples of this style anywhere in Poland. Some of the buildings in the city centre exemplify the then-popular tendency towards grand architectural forms (an example of this trend is the Cotton House, designed by W. Tomaszewski and erected in 1938); other buildings remain true to the Art Deco style (for example the building of the Meteorology Institute, designed by T. Doberski and W. Tomaszewski, 1927-1929). Maria Jolanta Sołtysik, a researcher examining the topic of Gdynia architecture, stated that the mid-1930s saw the rise in popularity of a luxurious variety of functionalism which combined modernity with elegance, attention to detail and opulent fittings, coupled with plentiful references to the design of modern ships. Outstanding examples of this trend include the office building of the Office Workers Insurance Institution (designed by R. Piotrowski, 1934) and the residential building of the Pension Fund of the Bank of National Economy (Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego), designed by S. Ziołowski (1935-1937). The architecture of these buildings was international in character and took inspiration from designs of the most eminent European architects such as, for example, Erich Mendelsohn.

During that period, Gdynia became a place that attracted many distinguished architects. Apart from those already referred to above, one should mention K. Jakimowicz, who designed the former building of the Bank of National Economy (1928-1929) and Z. Karpiński, the designer of the Courthouse (designed in cooperation with T. Sieczkowski and R. Sołtyński, 1936).

Within several years, Gdynia was transformed from a fishing village into a thriving city. It obtained an official city status and saw a period of rapid development. With the passing of time, it became a significant Baltic port and a serious competitor for Gdańsk. During the brief interwar period, the Republic of Poland made a tremendous effort to create its own maritime policy and has subsequently managed to ensure its successful implementation. The very fact that Polish citizens - who had lived for centuries without caring much for the sea and the issues surrounding it - now became interested with sea travel, the navy and the national ensign was a great success in itself. Meanwhile, the city of Gdynia became a symbol of modernity - a status which it continues to enjoy even today.

dom
Gdynia

15 minuts

Dom mieszkalny wielorodzinny
Gdynia

15 minuts

Multi-Family House
Gdynia

15 minuts

The building is characterised by the original modernist architecture of the thirties and modern reinforced concrete structure with brick infills. The simple body features distinctive narrow vertical lesenes and wave-shaped balconies overlooking Żwirki i Wigury Street.

History

The building was built for Zakłady przemysłowe M. Krenski (industrial company). It was designed by Z. Kupiec and T. Kossak, architects from Gdańsk. The construction work was led by Zbigniew Kupiec, who cooperated with Jan Czajka, master-mason and carpenter. The finishing works on the building were interrupted by World War 2 and were completed only after 1945 (plastering of the façades, finishing of the ground floor, and installation of lifts).

Description

The building is situated in a prominent corner among the densely built-up area of the frontages of two main streets of Gdynia: Świętojańska Street (west façade) and Żwirki and Wigury Street (south façade). The tenement was erected on a rectangular floor plan and features a gateway on the ground floor level. The structure combines moderate modernism with late functionalism. It consists of three elements: six-storey main core at the corner and two five-storey side wings. The corner part of the building which is higher by one storey accentuates the quarter, and the lower side fragments connect the building to the neighbouring structures. A glazed staircase faces the yard. The façades of the corner part are designed in an analogical way. Both have four axes, with individual axes separated from each other with narrow lines of piers between the windows overlapping vertically on the horizontal strip-like arrangement of windows. The connector between the body and the wing facing Żwirki i Wigury Street features “waving” balconies full of movement and chiaroscuro, which further on pass into windows arranged in a ribbon-like pattern. The ground floor is a commercial space and was deliberately glazed so as to expose the post-and-beam structure. The building had a central heating, gas, and water and sewerage system. Originally, it was to be entirely encased in slabs of sandstone extracted in Szydłowiec but, unfortunately, due to the outbreak of the war, the unfinished works were never resumed, and after the war part of the sandstone coverings were removed and replaced with ordinary plaster. The apartments were fitted with luxurious furnishings. The first and second storeys contained apartments with a floor area of 200 m2. In addition to well-appointed bathrooms (e.g., bidet), the apartments were fitted with oak parquet, terracotta; the walls of the kitchens and bathrooms were covered with tiling. It was the first building in Gdynia to have composite (or Swedish) window joinery as early as before the war. Composite windows are double-framed windows, in which the two frames are connected by special screws or clamps and open to the inside.

The structure can be viewed from the outside. The commercial ground floor is open to the public.

compiled by Dorota Hryszkiewicz-Kahlau, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Gdańsk, 01-06-2015.

Bibliography

  • Sołtysik M., Modernistyczna Gdynia-dziedzictwo lat międzywojennych [w:] Renowacje i zabytki 2010, nr 4 (36), s.61-73
  • Sołtysik M.J., Gdynia miasto dwudziestolecia międzywojennego, urbanistyka i architektura, Warszawa 1993;
  • Karta ewidencyjna zabytków, Dom mieszkalny wielorodzinny, Gdynia, ul. Świętojańska 55, T. Kiernicki, M. WIelebski1982;
  • http://pomorskie.travel/Odkrywaj-Dziedzictwo_kulturowe-Zabytki_architektury-Domy_i_Kamienice/4801/Kamienica_firmy_Krenski
  • http://www.gdynia.pl/wszystko/o/gdyni/historia/5637_37.html

kościół parafialny pw. Najświętszej Marii Panny Królowej Polski
Gdynia

30 minutes

Pręczkowski Family Tenement, currently a tenement house
Gdynia

15 minuts

It is the most prominent building of the 1920s in Gdynia. In terms of visual arts, the structure represents early functionalism. It was the first building to employ formal analogies to shipbuilding.

History

The tenement house was owned by engineer Stanisław Pręczkowski from Wejherowo. It was designed in 1928 and built in stages. The design was created by Tadeusz Jędrzejewski working for the architectural design studio “Biuro architektoniczne Włodzimierz Prochaska, Stanisław Garliński, Tadeusz Jędrzejewski. Inżynierowie architekci”. In 1930-1931, the construction work was carried out under the supervision of Bernard Dulny. During that period, the corner part of the building and a fragment overlooking the Kościuszko Square were erected. Between 1934 and 1935, a wing was added facing Kościuszko Square; the extension did not include a side outbuilding. The last stage of the construction work took place in 1936-1937. The stage involved the construction of a wing facing Żeromskiego Street and “Polonia” cinema.

Description

The building is located in the city centre, in the northern frontage of Kościuszko Square, at the intersection with Żeromskiego Street. The corner building is built on an L-shaped plan; its longer side extends along Kościuszko Square. The building and the cinema overlooking the yard have a rectangular floor plan with a diagonal eastern side. The imposing tenement house is located among typical urban frontage buildings. It has five floors at the corner and lower side wings. The layout is symmetrical; streamlined forms are combined with expressive shapes of the bodies; structural decorative components of the plastered façade were exposed. The pioneering juxtaposition of individual segments of the building clearly raises associations with a ship: the corner of the tenement which is higher by one storey was juxtaposed with the cylindrical form reminiscent of a captain’s bridge, which was additionally highlighted by metal balustrades of the balconies and a darker colour of the plaster. The ground floor was adapted for trade and services. The “Polonia” cinema overlooking the yard was added later (after the war — “Goplana” cinema). The building contains three staircases. It features a two-bay layout and is divided into small flats allowing the possibility of jointing the central flats into one large flat. The building has central heating. The preserved original furnishings include window and door joinery, interesting steel openwork balustrades of the balconies, and interior stair railings.

The structure can be viewed from the outside. The commercial part of the ground floor is open to visitors.

compiled by Dorota Hryszkiewicz-Kahlau, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Gdańsk, 08-11-2014.

Bibliography

  • Sołtysik M.J., Gdynia miasto dwudziestolecia międzywojennego, urbanistyka i architektura, Warszawa 1993;
  • Sołtysik M.J., Na styku dwóch epok. Architektura gdyńskich kamienic okresu międzywojennego, Gdynia 2003, s. 329-333;
  • Sołtysik M.J., Modernistyczna Gdynia - dziedzictwo lat międzywojennych, [w:] Renowacje i zabytki 2010, nr 4 (36), s.60-73;
  • http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamienica_Pręczkowskich
  • http://modernizmgdyni.pl/?p=288

dom
Gdynia

15 minuts

dom wójta Radtkego
Gdynia

15 minuts

kamienica
Gdynia

15 minuts

dom Antoniego Abrahama
Gdynia

15 minuts

Seat of the National Bank of Poland, First Municipal Branch
Gdynia

15 minuts

The building features the characteristics of academic classicism of the twenties, combining the interesting decorations of the façades with the hallway and the main banking hall.

Historia

The building belonged to the National Bank of Poland. It was designed in 1927 and built in 1928-1929. The design was created by Stanisław Filasiewicz from Warsaw, Eng. of Architecture.

Description

The structure is located at the intersection of 3 Maja Street with 10 Lutego Street, in an excellent location in the city centre, on a plot that has not been fully developed. On the eastern side of the bank is a garden fenced off from the street with a brick fence (perhaps, the development of the unoccupied part of the plot was planned for the future). The structure is L-shaped and consists of two equal rectangles superimposed at an angle of slightly more than 90 degrees so that they have a common corner. This common part (on a square plan) was adapted for use as a banking hall, the northern wing for offices, and the lower eastern wing for housing for employees. The main banking part of the building has three storeys, but contains a piano nobile which is two storey high; the northern wing is of the same height, but it has four storeys. The residential part is lower, but it was designed as a four-storey structure. Both façade of the wings of the building have four axes and were designed by analogy; the difference lies only in an unequal height of both parts. They have a symmetrical layout with respect to the corner main part. The façade of that part has five axes and features a corner recessed portico, which can be accessed via two pier arcades. The top storey contains a corner terrace with a stone balustrade along the axis of the arcaded entrance. The façade of the ground floor are decorated with rusticated horizontal strips, which pass into the rusticated finishes of the entrance arcades in the corner. Cornices consistently separate the piano nobile in the corner and extend further on the façades of both wings, where they cover two storeys (two rows of window openings). The crowning cornice is a classical entablature with mutules. Above them is the top attic storey (only above the main and northern parts). The roof on the building is flat, covered with a roofing felt; the roof truss is made of wood. The floors of the main room are marble, whereas the driveway is covered with terracotta tiles. Other rooms and corridors feature wooden parquet. The building is fitted with a monolithic double landing staircase made of reinforced concrete and marble, with a marble balustrade. The doors are made of oak wood; the ground floor of the main part is fitted with rotating, frame-and-panel, oak, and crystal glass doors. The building also contains hinged, single- or double-leaf, frame-and-panel, oak, and crystal glass doors.

The interior features its original lavish décor reminiscent of the nineteenth-century classicism.

The structure is not used and there is no visitor access.

compiled by Dorota Hryszkiewicz-Kahlau, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Gdańsk, 28-05-2015.

Bibliography

  • Sołtysik M.J., Studium architektoniczno-urbanistycznej waloryzacji Gdyni do roku 1939 w granicach administracyjnych miasta z roku 1970, cz.II, osadnictwo przedmiejskie i miasto, t.2. waloryzacja Śródmieścia; Gdańsk, 1986;
  • Sołtysik M.J., Na styku dwóch epok. Architektura gdyńskich kamienic okresu międzywojennego, Gdynia 2003;
  • Sołtysik M.J., Modernistyczna Gdynia - dziedzictwo lat międzywojennych, [w:] Renowacje i zabytki 2010, nr 4 (36), s.60-73;
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Bank, Jacek Lewiński, 1983 r.

Former White-Collar Employees’ Insurance Institution
Gdynia

15 minuts

It is one of the symbols of modernist architecture in Gdynia. The building was designed in the style of expressive functionalism.

History

Designed by Roman Piotrowski, architect from Warsaw, in 1934, the office and service building of the White-Collar Employees’ Insurance Institution in Poznań (later ZUS — Social Insurance Institution) was built in 1935-1936. Since 1951, the building was used as the head office of the Polish Ocean Lines. The ground floor housed shops and “Cafe Bałtyk” which was one of the most famous cafés of that period in Gdynia.

Description

The prestigious investment project of the insurance institution was located in corner of the quarter of the new urban tissue in the immediate vicinity of a railway station, near the main artery of the city leading to Kościuszko Square and Southern Pier. It is one of the most distinctive modernist buildings in Gdynia.. Due to the scale of the buildings and arrangement of the bodies of different heights and the exposed rounded part, the structure is associated with a ship, which is characteristic of modernist architecture in Gdynia. The building was exposed in the corner plot and is the dominant feature among the building of both streets. The cylindrical corner was incorporated in the corner of the intersection of 10-ego Lutego Street with 3-go Maja Street. The L-shaped building consists of two dynamically juxtaposed bodies: higher one having the shape of a standing cuboid and rectangle and lower elongated part terminating in a cylindrical corner projecting towards the front beyond the line of the buildings from the side of 3-go Maja Street. The lower part of the building has five storeys, and the taller part — seven storeys. The composition is also complemented by a cylindrically terminated part of the building added to the taller rectangular body from the side of 3-go Maja Street. Wide strips of glass windows extending longitudinally in an alternating pattern with smooth bright façade evoke admiration. The ground floor was covered with slabs of black granite, whereas the upper storeys were covered with slabs of light sandstone, which visually separated the building from the artery along which it is situated. The build was designed and formally linked with the neighbouring residential building (in 22/24 3-go Maja Street).

The structure is open to visitors all year round. Viewing of the building is possible during opening hours on working days.

compiled by Dorota Hryszkiewicz-Kahlau, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Gdańsk, 30-06-2014.

Bibliography

  • Sołtysik M.J., Gdynia miasto dwudziestolecia międzywojennego, urbanistyka i architektura, Warszawa 1993;
  • Sołtysik M.J., Na styku dwóch epok. Architektura gdyńskich kamienic okresu międzywojennego, Gdynia 2003, s. 329-333;
  • Sołtysik M.J., Modernistyczna Gdynia - dziedzictwo lat międzywojennych, [w:] Renowacje i zabytki 2010, nr 4 (36), s.60-73;
  • http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Architektura_Gdyni
  • http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Budynek_biurowy_ZUS_w_Gdyni

Residential house, State Development Bank of Poland
Gdynia

30 minutes

The excellent location in the urban tissue and the original shape of the body and architectural detail make the building prominent. The building exhibits features characteristic of the thirties, combining the late functionalist structural paintings with a high standard of apartments and exclusive interior design, which is also evident in the staircases and corridors. It is the first apartment building in Poland.

History

The building was the property of the State Development Bank (Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego).. It was designed in 1935, and built in three stages in 1936-1938. The design was created by Stanisław Ziołowski from Warsaw, Eng. of Architecture. The structure consists of three parts; each stage of construction ended with the commissioning of another part of the building. The first part commissioned part was located in the corner of 10 Lutego Street, no. 2702.09.1936, as the dominant structure in terms of overall dimensions and spatial layout. Two other similar parts were erected at the later stages.

Description

The building is located in the city centre, in the southern frontage of 10 Lutego Street. The building occupies the entire eastern frontage of 3 Maja Street in the quarter closed off by 10 Lutego Street and Batorego Street. The building was erected on a corner plot in one of the most prestigious streets in Gdynia. The structure characterised by its significant size was built on a C-shaped floor plan; its longer side extends along 3 Maja Street. The building has two entrance gates to the yard and an entrance to the underground garage from Batorego Street. The structure in enveloped by means of pillars and filled with a two- and three-bay layout with staircases. The area of the plot no. 27 facing the yard was used for a two-storey lodge built on a quadrilateral plan. The entrances to six staircases were placed from the side of the yard; each staircase is fitted with a lift. The part of the ground floor overlooking the street houses shops and cafés. The building varies in height (from 5 to 9 storeys) and is fragmented. The corners are accentuated by two staggered and recessed top storeys and the curvature of the floor plan of the building by means of a semicircular tower overlooking the intersection of 10 Lutego Street and 3 Maja Street. The centre of the yard features a reinforced concrete skylight providing illumination for the underground garage on the model of a Greek temple or a gazebo on a circular plan. Basements extend under the entire structure. The building contains a bunker. It is a reinforced post-and-beam structure. Its exterior walls are made of brick and reinforced concrete, and the interior walls of brick. The basements are covered with reinforced concrete and ribbed ceilings; Ackerman floors were installed between the storeys. The garage is covered with arched vaulting and reinforced concrete and ribbed ceilings. The roof rests on a wooden and purlin roof truss with a slight slope. The building is covered with a mono- and two-pitched roof. The façades facing the streets feature horizontal partitions by means of windows separated by loggias and windows in a row. The ground floor is glazed. The façade is faced with limestone extracted in Pińczów in the form of rectangular plates. The façades overlooking the yard are vertically partitioned by rows of window openings providing additional illumination for staircases, rows of balconies and windows. The area around the gates and passages is covered with concrete floors, whereas the main entrance (no. 27) with terracotta tiles. The interiors of the entrances and staircases features floors hammered terrazzo; the apartments are covered with wooden floors — oak parquet planks, kitchens and bathrooms — terracotta tiles. The marble wall covering of the staircases, wooden dados, and window and door joinery have been preserved in good condition. The building houses a mini-museum founded by the inhabitants of the building and Cyganeria Cafe, artistic café designed in the Art Déco style.

The structure can be viewed from the outside. The commercial part of the ground floor is open to visitors.

compiled by Dorota Hryszkiewicz-Kahlau, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Gdańsk, 08-05-2015.

Bibliography

  • Sołtysik M.J., Studium architektoniczno-urbanistycznej waloryzacji Gdyni do roku 1939 w granicach administracyjnych miasta z roku 1970, cz.II, osadnictwo przedmiejskie i miasto, t.2. waloryzacja Śródmieścia; Gdańsk, 1986;
  • Sołtysik M.J., Na styku dwóch epok. Architektura gdyńskich kamienic okresu międzywojennego, Gdynia 2003, s. 329-333;
  • Sołtysik M.J., Modernistyczna Gdynia - dziedzictwo lat międzywojennych, [w:] Renowacje i zabytki 2010, nr 4 (36), s.60-73;
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Budynek mieszkalny, Jacek Lewiński, 1983 r.
  • http://modernizmgdyni.pl/?p=259

kościół parafialny pw. Najświętszego Serca Pana Jezusa
Gdynia

30 minutes

Print this tour

This is user generated tour. Report terms violation.

Sites from that tour

zgłoś naruszenie