Zwiedzanie Zielonej Góry
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

users tour Krzysztof Słowiński

Zwiedzanie Zielonej Góry

6

lubuskie

Town hall
Zielona Góra

30 minutes

The town hall, built the second half of the 15th century, is located in the central part of Stary Rynek Street. It is a free-standing building in a Gothic style. It was converted a couple of times. The building is diversified in shape and features a high tower on the north-eastern side. It has basements underneath, and lavish architectural detail. The presented feature is an important element in the spatial layout of Zielona Góra.

History

Stary Rynek Street (German: Ring) marks the area of the oldest preserved buildings of the old town. The town was demarcated and planned with the award of municipal rights in the first half of the 13th century. The layout of Zielona Góra is based on a regularly shaped market square, around which plots for residential buildings were demarcated. Its frontages were formed by four blocks of houses. The market square included a network of streets running outwards from the market square to the former town gates. The legible, medieval spatial layout of the town has survived until today. In the second half of the 15th century, the seat of town authorities was built in the middle of the market square - the town hall. The building was many times destroyed by fire in the 16th and the 17th century. Its current shape is a result of construction works carried out after the fires. After 1651, Gothic blind windows were bricked up, windows were transformed, and the building was plastered, which gave a Baroque touch to it. The building’s cubic volume was extended by the annex next to the tower. The works were carried out under the direction of Hans Papperitz. In 1669, the tower was renovated, and ten years later - the whole main building. In 1777, the town hall was extended by the eastern wing; thereafter, in 1846, the northern section was added, and in the end - the southern one. During renovation works in 1801, the building’s façades were provided with Classicist décor. Also part of the walls of the town hall tower which, together with the Baroque tented roof, is 54 m high, was replaced.

In 1919, the roof of the town hall was re-designed and the northern wing extended upwards by adding the second storey. Hostilities of the Second World War did not lead to major damage to the building. After the war, [local government] took over ownership of the tenement house. In the post-war period, the building was subjected to minor renovations. Only in the years 1989-1990 during a full-scale renovation of the façades, the decorative blind window on the western wall of the town hall was uncovered and exposed. The last renovation was carried out in the years 2006-2008, and concerned the building’s interior. No major alterations have been made to the building. At present, the town hall houses administrative offices. The structure is one of the most representative buildings in the city.

Description

It is a free-standing building, located on Stary Rynek Street. It is situated in the very centre of Zielona Góra, in the central part of the square. Stary Rynek Street is a part of the strict monument protection zone.

The building was erected on a large plot and faces west with its front façade. Its floor plan forms a shape resembling a rectangle, adjoined from the south, north, and east by quadrangular annexes and a tower at the northern end of the eastern side. It is made of brick; its walls are plastered on both sides. Under the main section of the town hall, there are large basements with barrel and groin vaults. Basements beneath the outermost parts of the town hall are significantly less spacious. The main part and the southern section of the town hall are two-storey, while the northern and the eastern section have three storeys. Individual sections are covered with a separate multi-hipped roof. The roof is clad in beaver tail tiles. In the roof surface, there are dormers covered with small roofs. The quadrangular town hall tower which turns octagonal in the upper section, is covered with a tented roof with three lanterns. The front façade, Classicist in shape, is topped with a triangular pediment resting on a pseudo-avant corps. The gable is decorated with the coat of arms of the town and stucco decorations with foliate motives. The town hall’s façades feature varied architectural detail. They are adorned, among other things, with rusticated lesenes, cornices, and surrounds. Other façades are similar in finishing detail to the front façade. Individual storeys are pierced with rectangular window openings. Part of the windows have segmental arches in their top sections. On the ground floor, in the southern part of the town hall, there are surviving Gothic beamed ceilings. The body of the building has been preserved in its original state without major changes.

The town hall is a monument owned by local government. Due to the fact that it houses offices of local administration, the building is not widely available to the public.

compiled by Krzysztof Słowiński, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Zielona Góra, 17-04-2015.

Bibliography

  • Studia na początkami i rozplanowaniem miast nad środkową Odrą i dolną Wartą, pod red. Zdzisława Kaczmarczyka i Andrzeja Wędzkiego, Zielona Góra 1970
  • Stanisław Kowalski, Miasta Środkowego Nadodrza, Zbigniew Bujakiewicz, Krajobraz materialny i społeczny Zielonej Góry od końca XVIII do połowy XX wieku, Zielona Góra 2003
  • Zielona Góra, Przeszłość i teraźniejszość, pod red. M Szczanieckiego, Poznań 1962
  • Zabytki Zielonej Góry, pod red. B. Bielinis-Kopeć, Zielona Góra 2007
  • W. Janowska, Zielona Góra. Wytyczne konserwatorskie do miejscowych planów zagospodarowania przestrzennego, Zielona Góra 2004
  • Mirosław Kuleba, Topografia winiarska Zielonej, Zielona Góra 2010
  • Historia Zielonej Góry. Dzieje miasta do końca XVIII wieku, tom I, pod red. Wojciecha Strzyżewskiego, Zielona Góra 2011
  • Krzysztof Garbacz, Szlakiem zabytkowych miast, Zielona Góra 2005.

Evangelical church of the Garden of Christ, currently Roman-Catholic parish church of Our Lady of Częstochowa
Zielona Góra

30 minutes

The church of Our Lady of Częstochowa in Zielona Góra is the only such a large building in the Lubuskie voivodeship erected using a timber frame structure and representing the group of 18th-century Protestant churches, with excellently preserved fittings.

History

Initially, the Lutherans of Zielona Góra gathered in a small church of the Holy Trinity on the present Słowiański Square, and then - in the years 1741-1748, the services were held in one of the representative rooms of the city hall. In the years 1745-1748, the present church of Our Lady of Częstochowa was built. The works were carried out under the direction of master builder Lipoldt and carpenter Gottfried Fischer. Initially, the church was without a tower, however its construction was planned - four additional piers were introduced in the southern part of the church. The tower came into being in 1828, made by stonemason Harmuth and carpenter Malcki. After 1945, the church was taken over by Catholics. There was an idea to dismantle the building, which was finally abandoned. In 1949, the church was consecrated. In 1987, a separate parish of Our Lady of Częstochowa was established. After the war, a number of renovations were carried out. Most recently, in the years 2007-2008, roof cladding was replaced, and façades were renovated.

Description

The church of Our Lady of Częstochowa is located in the city centre, approx. 100 m to the north from the city hall. From the north-west, it is surrounded by a small green square. The building is oriented. It is a Baroque church with a Classicist front façade shaped as a tower. The church was built on a timber frame with brick infills; it is based on a central plan of a Greek cross. The tower, made of brick and stone, is incorporated into the winged front façade. The body has two storeys and is covered with a high mansard roof with ceramic cladding. The tower is topped with a terrace and covered with an octagonal spire. The façades of the nave feature a regular timber frame structure with plastered infills. They are pierced with axially arranged windows, square on the ground floor level and in the upper storey rectangular, with segmental arches. The three-storey tower façade is accentuated with a flat central avant-corps topped with a triangular pediment. Entrance openings, with historic joinery, are located in the ending sections of the cross arms. The interior is covered with a beamed ceiling. Three levels of galleries, resting on posts and connected with the structure of peripheral walls, outlining the whole. The sumptuous fittings of the church include main altarpiece from 1747, stone Rococo baptismal font from 1755, cancellus from 1747, pulpit from approx. mid-18th century, Baroque pipe organ casing from 1752, and Baroque and Rococo epitaphs.

The site is open to the public. It can be visited by prior telephone arrangement.

compiled by Marta Kłaczkowska, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Zielona Góra, 17-08-2015.

Bibliography

  • Bielinis-Kopeć B., Zabytki Zielonej Góry, Bydgoszcz 2010, s. 64-77.
  • Szymańska-Dereń M., Kościoły zrębowe i szkieletowe województwa lubuskiego, Zielona Góra 2009, s. 135-138.

Former old Lutheran church, currently Evangelical-Augsburg church of Jesus Christ
Zielona Góra

30 minutes

The church was created in 1911 as an old Lutheran church of Jesus Christ funded from donations of the believers. The artistic form of the church draws inspiration from the Baroque art. The church is one of the tourist attractions of the city.

History

It was built in the years 1909-1911, away from the city centre, for the Old Lutheran community. It was designed by architect E. Schulze. The ceremony of the laying of the church’s foundation stone was held on 22 August 1909. The event was attended by numerous citizens and representatives of authorities and clergy. After two years of construction, on 11 June 1911, the church was consecrated. The costs of construction amounted to approx. 60 thousand marks. The pipe organ which is currently present in the Evangelical church of Jesus Christ comes from the Old Lutheran chapel on Dr Pieniężnego Street. In 1936, two bells were installed on the church tower. Until 1945, the building was a filial church to the parish in Kożuchów. After World War II, it was taken over by Catholics who used it as a wedding chapel of St Joseph. In 1950, the church returned to the Evangelicals.

Description

The church was erected from brick on a rectangular floor plan, with a separated chancel terminating in a semi-hexagon from the west and a porch from the east. On the southern side of the church, there is a sacristy and a side nave on a quadrilateral floor plan. From the north, there is another side nave built on a rectangular floor plan. The tower with a staircase, built on a polygonal floor plan from the south, constitutes a dominant architectural feature. The five-storey tower is 33.5 m high. Window openings of the church vary in size, shape, and upper sections. The façades are plastered with cement and lime, with scrapped finish. The main nave is covered with a high gable roof made of ceramic tiles. The tower and the staircase are covered with a bulbous cupola with an orb with a cross. The front façade of the church is accentuated by a segment-headed gable framed in volutes. Curvy gables top the porch, side façades, tower, and staircase. The main nave is covered with a false barrel vault. The vault is entirely covered with painted decorations with ornamental foliate and geometric motifs. Side naves are covered with ceilings. The interior features preserved ceramic flooring. Window and door joinery originate from the times of construction. Surviving fittings of the church include: altarpiece from 1910, pulpit from 1910, stained glass panes in the windows of the chancel from 1911, pews from 1910, two chandeliers from 1911, pipe organ made in 1883, brought from the Old Lutheran chapel, and two cast iron ovens from the early 20th century.

The church is owned by a religious community. It celebrates regular masses. It is open to the public.

compiled by Krzysztof Słowiński, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Zielona Góra, 08-07-2014.

Bibliography

  • Bielenis-Kopeć B., Zabytki Zielonej Góry, Zielona Góra 2005 r.
  • Kowalski S., Zabytki architektury województwa lubuskiego, Zielona Góra 2010 r.
  • Kowalski S., Zabytki Środkowego Nadodrza, Zielona Góra 1976 r.
  • Pertyt - Gierasimczuk I., Czas architekturą zapisany, Zielona Góra 1998 r.
  • Biała Karta: Luterański Kościół Chrystusowy, ob. Ewangelicki Kościół Jezusowy, autor Marlena Kopij, opracowanie z 2004, [w] archiwum LWKZ w Zielonej Górze.

Former Old Lutheran chapel, currently church of of the Divine Mother Queen of Poland (Polish Catholic church)
Zielona Góra

30 minutes

The church of the Divine Mother Queen of Poland in Zielona Góra was built in 1866 in the Historicist style. It is a former Old Lutheran chapel. The church of the Divine Mother Queen of Poland (Polish Catholic church) is one of the tourist attractions of the city.

History

Before Old Lutherans built their own church, they met to pray in the apartment of a widow named Schirmer on Kupiecka Street. Such state of affairs lasted nearly 25 years. The chapel alone was built on 30 September 1866. The church was built by stonemason Carl Mühle and carpenter Prüfer. Initially, it was equipped with a pipe organ bought from the liquidated church in Nietków. Only in 1884, a new pipe organ made by the “Gebrüder Walter” company from Góra Śląska was installed. The organ has survived until present and one can see it currently in the Evangelical church of Jesus Christ at Bohaterów Square in Zielona Góra (the organ is the oldest instrument of that type in the city). Soon thereafter, in 1911, Lutherans commissioned the new church on Bohaterów Square. The decision to build a new church resulted from the bad technical condition of the chapel and an increase in the number of believers. In 1922, the abandoned chapel was adapted for museum purposes for an association established to compile collections and protect and nurture the national heritage in the city and in the district of Zielona Góra. Private collections donated by the citizens were collected and exhibited here. In 1927, the attic was adapted to serve as a “homestead room”. Owing to the efforts and commitment of the then director Klose, it was possible to protect the collections during the war hostilities and hand them over, after World War II, to the newly created museum on Niepodległości Avenue. After World War II the church remained unused for many years. In 1967, the building was handed over to the parish of Polish Catholic Church which has owned it until today.

Description

The chapel was built in the Historicist style. It is a brick aisleless erected on a rectangular floor plan. The body of the chapel is covered with a gable roof. The front and the back façade feature four-stepped gables. Window and entrance openings have semi-circular top sections. Inside the chapel, in its northern part, a gallery was installed on wooden posts. The body of the chapel, which is simple in form and features modest architectural décor, has retained its historical character and is a significant sacred facility of the city.

The church is owned by a religious community. It celebrates regular masses. It is open to the public.

compiled by Krzysztof Słowiński, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Zielona Góra, 08-07-2014.

Bibliography

  • Brylla J. W., Z dziejów Kościoła staroluterańskiego na Środkowym Nadodrzu ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem zboru zielonogórskiego, [w:] 50 lat Parafii Ewangelicko - Augsburskiej w Zielonej Górze, Brylla J. W. (red.), Zielona Góra 1998 r.
  • Klose M., Das Grünberger Heimatmuseum, [w:] Grünberger Hauskalender, 1924 r.
  • Bielenis-Kopeć B., Zabytki Zielonej Góry, Zielona Góra 2005 r.
  • Kowalski S., Zabytki architektury województwa lubuskiego, Zielona Góra 2010 r.
  • Kowalski S., Zabytki Środkowego Nadodrza, Zielona Góra 1976 r.
  • Pertyt - Gierasimczuk I., Czas architekturą zapisany, Zielona Góra 1998 r.

kościół konkatedralny pw. św. Jadwigi Śląskiej
Zielona Góra

Wieża Łazienna zwana Głodową oraz fragmenty murów miejskich
Zielona Góra

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