Villa, currently a musical school building, Zielona Góra
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Villa, currently a musical school building

Zielona Góra

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The structure is an example of a building with lavish architectural detail, which is an important element in the spatial layout of the city.

History

The process of development of individual zones and streets of the suburbs of Zielona Góra began as early as in the 14th century. The growing town needed land for residential, commercial and craft development. The area where the villa is located has evolved behind defensive walls quiet late, only in the 17th century. This suburban area, known as the ‘Lower’ (‘Dolny’), is visible on the map dating from 1784. The map shows the current al. Niepodległości, which was an unpaved road intersecting fields and public gardens at that time. Only when Zielona Góra was connected to a railway line in 1871, the road was regulated and plots of land were demarcated for future development, which was shaped mainly in the late 19th century and the early 20th century. Incomplete archival records on the villa have been preserved. The facade of the building features an original tympanum dating from ‘1887’. This was the date of completion of construction works. Archival materials suggest that in 1924 the estate was owned by Gentin Boehm, who lived in the district of Magdeburg, and that Walter Bergeman who served as the Chief Medical Officer of the Bethesda Care Institution lived in the villa at that time. In 1937, the building was owned by the Office of Military Records, but it was mainly inhabited by captain Erwin Kitlas, who was the head of this institution. After 1945 the structure was used by institutions of social utility. During the 1950s some of its rooms were used for didactic purposes. Inside the basement of the building there was a museum chamber organised by the ‘Makusyny’ Scout and Guide Group. The villa was also inhabited by scout leaders. Since the 1980s the structure has been used by the State Music School. For the purpose of the new institution the building has undergone complete renovation and has had minor extensions added. Small alterations has been made to its eastern wing and were limited to the construction of an annex. Extensions, however, have not distorted the architecture of the structure. The villa is maintained in the historicism convention. The structure is one of the most representative buildings in the city. Currently, the structure is the property of the State Treasury and belongs to the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage.

Description

The building is free-standing and is located in the north-eastern part of the city, on the outskirts of the old town, in Niepodległości Ave., on a plot surrounded by vegetation. It was built of brick on a floor plan which approximates the shape of a square. The building’s walls are covered with plaster on both sides. The villa consists of three separate parts: the main two-storey part in the centre and two single-storey side annexes. The main part is covered with a gable roof, the side parts have shed roofs consisting of three triangular sections. A basement extends under the whole structure. The facade of the building is enriched by a pseudo-avant-corps, to which a semi-circular annex with a terrace featuring a spindled balustrade on the ground floor level was added, and three windows topped with semi-circular arches, with keystones locking the plasterwork window surrounds into position. On the first-floor level there are three windows separated by pilasters, topped by a cornice below the windows with a segmental arch above the central window. The front facade on the ground floor level features tripartite windows on both sides. The main entrance to the villa is accentuated by a portico on the western facade. The other facades are pierced by rectangular window openings which terminate in arches and are framed by lavish surrounds. The facades of the building are rusticated and decorated with cornices and friezes. The entire structure is surrounded by a high plinth. Most of the original window and door woodwork has been preserved. Some rooms feature the original decorations as well as fixtures and fittings.

Limited access to the monument.

Compiled by Krzysztof Słowiński, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Zielona Góra, 08-07-2014 r.

Bibliography

  • B. Bielinis-Kopeć (red.), Zabytki Zielonej Góry, Zielona Góra 2007.
  • Bujakiewicz Z., Krajobraz materialny i społeczny Zielonej Góry od końca XVIII do połowy XX wieku, Zielona Góra 2003.
  • Janowska W., Zielona Góra. Wytyczne konserwatorskie do miejscowych planów zagospodarowania przestrzennego, Zielona Góra 2004.
  • Kaczmarczyk Z., Wędzki A. (red.), Studia na początkami i rozplanowaniem miast nad środkową Odrą i dolną Wartą, Zielona Góra 1970.
  • Kowalski S., Zabytki Środkowego Nadodrza, Zielona Góra 1976.
  • Strzyżewski Wojciech (red.), Historia Zielonej Góry. Dzieje miasta do końca XVIII wieku, t. 1, Zielona Góra 2011.

General information

  • Type: villa
  • Chronology: 1887 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: al. Niepodległości 21, Zielona Góra
  • Location: Voivodeship lubuskie, district Zielona Góra, commune Zielona Góra
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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