Tenement house, currently a residential and service building, Zielona Góra
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Tenement house, currently a residential and service building

Zielona Góra

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The said building, erected in 1804, is located in the central part of Pocztowy Square. It is a free-standing building. It has three storeys and an attic, and features a diversified architectural detail. The tenement house was designed in the neo-Baroque style. The presented feature is an important element in the spatial layout of Zielona Góra.

History

The process of development of individual zones and streets of the suburbs of Zielona Góra began as early as in the 14th century. The growing town needed land for residential, commercial, and craft development. The area where the said building is located evolved outside the defensive walls already in the 14th century. The quarter quickly developed as suburbs in the south-eastern part of the town chartered in the mid-13th century. The area was earmarked for a market place which was called Pottery Market due to products sold on it. It was delineated near a sheepskin route. Around the square, which was called later Post Square (Plac Pocztowy), plots for future buildings were demarcated. The growing suburbs needed good connection with the old market remaining within the city walls. For that reasons, in 1487, a city gate was built in the defensive walls and called New Gate (Nowa Brama). Currently, the remnant of the gate is formed by a tower called Hunger Tower (Wieża Głodowa), standing on Masarska Street. The buildings on Pocztowy Square were all the time related to trade and craftsmanship. Merchants, craftsmen, or winemakers had their houses there. The oldest two hotels: “Pod Czarnym Orłem” and “Pod Trzema Wzgórzami” were located there. All the buildings were shaped mainly in the second half of the 19th century and in early 20th century. The surviving buildings are mainly three- or four-storey tenement houses erected in the style of late Classicism, Historicism, and Art Nouveau.

Incomplete archival records on the tenement house described here have been preserved. The existing tenement house was built in 1804 for a cloth maker named Bartsch. In archives, views of the façades and a construction cost estimate for the building are preserved. In the current architectural form, both in the proportions of the body as well as in the décor of the façades, the building was shaped in the 2nd half of the 19th century. In the beginning of the 20th century, it housed a shelter for soldiers, and on the ground floor, there were stores run by Erwin Goldmann and Paul Liebelt (colonial shop). In a later period, one suite of premises was liquidated, and in its place (from the south), an open passageway under arcades was created. In 1933, the house was still owned by its first owners, the Bartsch family. Hostilities of the Second World War did not lead to major damage to the building. After the war, the local government took over ownership of the tenement house. On the ground floor, a clothing store and a restaurant was placed, and other storeys housed municipal flats. No major alterations have been made to the structure. Approx. in 1966, a small single-storey building of the former dyeing plant, adjoining the tenement house from the south-western side, was dismantled. The tenement house is a monument owned by local government and private entities. Approx. in 2011, the interior was renovated and the external façade of the tenement house was refreshed. The building currently houses a restaurant and residential premises. It is one of the most representative buildings in the city.

Description

The tenement house is located on Pocztowy Square and is a free-standing building. It is situated in the centre of Zielona Góra, south-east of the old town’s marketplace. Pocztowy Square is the quarter from which M. Kopernika and Drzewna Streets run towards east, W. Sikorskiego and A. Grottgera Streets run towards south, and Pod Filarami Street runs towards north. Plac Pocztowy is a part of the strict monument protection zone.

The building is erected on a large plot, and its front façade faces east - the opposite side than the currently open square. The front façade of the tenement house from the west was changed only in the post-war period. At that time , the interiors of the ground floor were converted, and the former entrance opening was bricked up. However, its decorative surround has survived. The building was erected on an L-shaped floor plan and comprises the main building and a wing adjoining it from the north-west. It is made of brick; its walls are plastered on both sides. The three-storey building with an attic is covered with high gable roofs clad in ceramic roof tiles. In the surface of the roof, there are numerous small windows allowing more light to the loft. The composition of the building’s front façade features seven axes with a central pseudo-avant-corps, where initially the main entrance was. The front façade features varied architectural detail. The former entrance opening is accentuated by engaged columns with Ionic capitals, fluted pilasters supporting an entablature with a dentil frieze and a profiled cornice. The pseudo-avant-corps and the corners are accentuated with pilasters and rustication. Individual storeys are pierced with rectangular window openings framed in profiled surrounds. On the first floor, windows are enlivened with decorative panels. Window openings in the pseudo-avant-corps are topped with segmental arches. Over the window of the first floor, there is a profiled pediment with a curved, soft line. The façade is crowned with a profiled cornice. Other façades of the building feature more modest finish, only the western façade of the wing is more sophisticated. The original window woodwork from the 2nd half of the 19th century, renovated during refreshing works, has partially survived. The body of the building has been preserved in its original state without major changes.

The tenement house is a monument owned by local government and private entities. Due to the fact that it houses a restaurant and flats, the building is not widely available to the public.

compiled by Krzysztof Słowiński, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Zielona Góra, 08-07-2015.

Bibliography

  • Studia na początkami i rozplanowaniem miast nad środkową Odrą i dolną Wartą, pod red. Zdzisława Kaczmarczyka i Andrzeja Wędzkiego, Zielona Góra 1970;
  • Stanisław Kowalski, Miasta Środkowego Nadodrza, Zbigniew Bujakiewicz, Krajobraz materialny i społeczny Zielonej Góry od końca XVIII do połowy XX wieku, Zielona Góra 2003;
  • Zielona Góra, Przeszłość i teraźniejszość, pod red. M Szczanieckiego, Poznań 1962;
  • Zabytki Zielonej Góry, pod red. B. Bielinis-Kopeć, Zielona Góra 2007;
  • W. Janowska, Zielona Góra. Wytyczne konserwatorskie do miejscowych planów zagospodarowania przestrzennego, Zielona Góra 2004;
  • Mirosław Kuleba, Topografia winiarska Zielonej, Zielona Góra 2010;
  • Historia Zielonej Góry. Dzieje miasta do końca XVIII wieku, tom I, pod red. Wojciecha Strzyżewskiego, Zielona Góra 2011

General information

  • Type: tenement house
  • Chronology: 1804
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Plac Pocztowy 17, Zielona Góra
  • Location: Voivodeship lubuskie, district Zielona Góra, commune Zielona Góra
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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