Tenement house, Zielona Góra
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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The building, erected in the second half of the 19th century, is located in the western frontage of Stary Rynek Street. It stands in a densely built-up area. The three-storey building has a basement underneath and features a diversified architectural detail. It was built in the Historicist style. The presented feature is an important element in the spatial layout of Zielona Góra.

History

Stary Rynek Street (German: Ring) marks the area of the oldest preserved buildings of the old town. The town was demarcated and planned with the award of municipal rights in the first half of the 13th century. The layout of Zielona Góra is based on a regularly shaped market square, around which plots for residential buildings were demarcated. Its frontages were formed by four blocks of houses. The market square included a network of streets running outwards from the market square to the former town gates. The legible, medieval spatial layout of the town has survived until today. In the second half of the 15th century, the seat of town authorities was built in the middle of the market square - the town hall. The area where the building in consideration can be found is located in the very centre, within former defensive walls of the town. The first buildings erected on that street are wooden houses with roof gables set perpendicularly to the street, typically two-storey and three-axial. Market square buildings, many a time destroyed by fires and attacks of hostile armies, were reconstructed in a new form, on the relics of the former buildings. Only at a later time, wealthy owners started to build bigger houses using brick. The buildings on the market were all that time related to trade and craftsmanship. Doctors, craftsmen, or winemakers had their houses there. All the buildings were shaped mainly in the second half of the 19th century and in early 20th century. The surviving buildings are mainly three- or four-storey tenement houses erected in the style of late Classicism, Historicism, and Art Nouveau.

Incomplete archival records on the tenement house described here have been preserved. Neither do we know the exact date of the building construction, nor the name of the designer or contractor. The tenement house was erected in the second half of the 19th century, on the relics of an older building. In its basements, there are surviving double barrel vaults dated to the 17th-18th century. In 1933, the building was owned by baker Ludewig. On the ground floor, there was a shoe shop owned by Erich Jaschke. Residential premises on the upper storeys of the tenement house were leased by, among others, workshop director Berthold Hoffmann, locksmith Otto Schade, or Wanda Wandrey. Hostilities of the Second World War did not lead to major damage to the building. After the war, the local government took over ownership of the building and since that time it has been used for residential purposes. In the post-war period, the building was subjected to minor renovations. The ground floor was re-designed and connected internally with the neighbouring tenement house. No major alterations have been made to the structure. At present, it houses service and residential premises. The structure is one of the most representative buildings in the city.

Description

The tenement house, located in Stary Rynek Street, is a part of the dense development. It is situated in the very centre of Zielona Góra, to the west from the town hall. Stary Rynek Street is a part of the strict monument protection zone.

The building is located on a small plot of land and its front façade faces the town hall. Its plan resembles the shape of a rectangle. The building has basements underneath. It is made of brick; its walls are plastered on both sides. It has three storeys and is topped with a mono-pitched roof. Its front façade has three axes and is topped with a curved gable adorned with stucco decorations with foliate and floral motifs. The gable features a semicircular top section on which there rests an orb. It is flanked on the sides by volutes. Storeys of the building are separated with a profiled cornice. The front façade at the level of the first and second floor is accentuated with rusticated pilasters. In the ground storey, there is a display window with an entrance on one side. The front façade features varied architectural detail. The first storey is pierced with rectangular window openings, and on the second storey window openings are topped with segmental arches. The windows are framed in surrounds and topped with profiled pediments. Part of the original window woodwork has been preserved. The body of the building has been preserved in its original state without major changes.

The tenement house is a monument owned by local government and private entities. Due to the fact that it houses service premises and flats, the building is not widely available to the public.

compiled by Krzysztof Słowiński, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Zielona Góra, 17-04-2015.

Bibliography

  • Studia na początkami i rozplanowaniem miast nad środkową Odrą i dolną Wartą, pod red. Zdzisława Kaczmarczyka i Andrzeja Wędzkiego, Zielona Góra 1970
  • Stanisław Kowalski, Miasta Środkowego Nadodrza, Zbigniew Bujakiewicz, Krajobraz materialny i społeczny Zielonej Góry od końca XVIII do połowy XX wieku, Zielona Góra 2003
  • Zielona Góra, Przeszłość i teraźniejszość, pod red. M Szczanieckiego, Poznań 1962
  • Zabytki Zielonej Góry, pod red. B. Bielinis-Kopeć, Zielona Góra 2007
  • W. Janowska, Zielona Góra. Wytyczne konserwatorskie do miejscowych planów zagospodarowania przestrzennego, Zielona Góra 2004
  • Mirosław Kuleba, Topografia winiarska Zielonej, Zielona Góra 2010
  • Historia Zielonej Góry. Dzieje miasta do końca XVIII wieku, tom I, pod red. Wojciecha Strzyżewskiego, Zielona Góra 2011

General information

  • Type: tenement house
  • Chronology: 2 poł. XIX w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Stary Rynek 18, Zielona Góra
  • Location: Voivodeship lubuskie, district Zielona Góra, commune Zielona Góra
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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