Palace and manor farm complex, Werynia
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Palace and manor farm complex

Werynia

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The complex consisting of a palace, granary, carriage house, stable, barn, living quarter, administrator’s house, chapel and park is an example of residential architecture of the region. Its uniqueness lies in its outstanding architectural value as an Art Nouveau palace.

History

The first mentions of Werynia date back to the early 16th century; the property was part of the array of manor farms of Kolbuszowa and belonged, among others, to the Tarnowski, Lubomirski, Rey, and Tyszkiewicz families. The palace in Werynia was built on the initiative of Janusz Tyszkiewicz, the then owner of the property, according to a design by famous architect Tadeusz Stryjeński from Cracow in 1900. The exact date of construction of the chapel, i.e., 1873, is also known; the remaining cubic structures forming part of the complex date back to the second half of the 19th century. Werynia remained in the hands of the Tyszkiewicz family until 1945, when it became the property of the State Treasury. Since 1946, there was an agricultural school with a boarding school, and in 2002 the property together with some of the utility buildings was handed over to the University of Rzeszów, which used the property as the seat of the Faculty of Biochemistry.

Description

The complex consisting of a palace, granary, carriage house, stable, barn, living quarter, administrator’s house, chapel and park is located in the northern part of the village, at the intersection of the road from Kolbuszowa to Sokołów Małopolski with a local road running from the north to south. The palace is situated in the south-eastern part of the preserved complex.

The palace designed in the Art Nouveau style was built on a floor plan resembling a rectangle in shape, with avant-corps in three walls. The cuboidal body consisting of two overground storeys is covered with a hip roof with mansards over the avant-corps and roofs in the form of a pyramid over the staircases and above the polygonal avant-corps of the garden façade. The palace was built of brick; the roof is currently clad with metal tiles. The front façade is seven-axial, asymmetrical; the garden façade is nine-axial and symmetrical; the shorter eastern and western façades are four-axial, asymmetrical, all decorated with a stone plinth, plaster strips on the ground floor, topped with a fairly pronounced string course and arcaded frieze below. The central avant-corps of the garden façade is ornamented with a relief with the image of an eagle resting on two cartouches.

The dominant feature of the interior is a two-storey octagonal ballroom on the ground floor, with an entrance to the garden through an oval terrace with symmetrical fan stairs.

The granary is located in the northern part of the complex; it was built on a rectangular floor plan with avant-corps in the middle of longer façades. The cuboidal two-storey brick body with basement is covered with a gable roof clad with ceramic roof tiles, with mansards over the avant-corps. Longer façades are three-axial, while shorter ones are single-axial; the door openings in the south façade are rectangular in shape and terminate in semicircular arches; the windows are formed as bipartite mullioned windows with a stepped recess and a flat window header and sill. Frame decoration and rustication in the corners of the avant-corps are visible on façades which are already partially deprived of plaster. Overground storeys are separated by wooden ceilings supported by pillars.

The carriage house is located in the middle of the complex, north of the palace. It is built on a floor plan in the shape of an elongated rectangle and is composed of brick pillars and wooden wall infills; it has a cuboidal body covered with a gable roof clad with ceramic roof tiles.

The stable is located in the north-eastern part of the complex, within the manor farm area. It was built on a floor plan in the shape of an elongated rectangle and consists of a single storey. The cuboidal body is covered with a gable roof clad with ceramic roof tiles.

The barn is located in the south-eastern part of the complex, within the manor farm area. It is built on a floor plan in the shape of an elongated rectangle and is composed of brick pillars and wooden wall infills; only plastered outermost rooms are full walls. The cuboidal body is covered with a gable roof clad with ceramic roof tiles.

The living quarter is situated within the manor farm area; it was renovated in recent years and has lost some of its style features. It is a simple building...

The administrator’s house is located north of the palace, within the manor farm area. It was built on a rectangular floor plan with a small avant-corps in the front façade, as a one-storey building with basement underneath some of its sections; it has a cuboidal body covered with a gable roof running across a gable roof over the multi-storey avant-corps. The structure was built of brick and after renovation its roof was clad with trapezoid sheet metal; the interior features a two-bay layout, which was changed compared to the original layout.

The manor chapel is located in the south-west part of the complex. It was built of brick on a rectangular floor plan with a chancel closed off on three sides and a small vestibule. The building was built of brick, with a steep roof clad with sheet metal, and decorated with: profiled surrounds around windows with a pointed arch at the top, triangular gable terminating the vestibule with pleated ornaments and flanking pinnacles, ornamental top of the chapel surmounted by a cross, profiled lesenes and pronounced profiled crowning cornice. The original fittings of the single-space interior have not been preserved.

The palace is surrounded by a landscape park arranged upon the former layout. The park features an oak grove, numerous old trees as well as native and foreign tree species.

The palace houses the Faculty of Biochemistry of the University of Rzeszów.

compiled by Barbara Potera, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Rzeszów, 21-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Libicki P., Dwory i pałace wiejskie w Małopolsce i na Podkarpaciu, Poznań 2012, pp. 481-482
  • Polakowski S. Pozostałości założeń dworskich województwa podkarpackiego, Krosno 2012, s. 162-164
  • Architectural and construction monument record sheet, so-called white sheet, drawn up for the palace, chapel, author: Barbara Łyżka, M.A., 2008, Archives of the Office for the Protection of Monuments in Rzeszów
  • Architectural and construction monument record sheet, so-called white sheet, drawn up for the carriage house and warehouse, living quarter, author: Barbara Łyżka, M.A., 2001, Archives of the Office for the Protection of Monuments in Rzeszów
  • Architectural and construction monument record sheets, so-called white sheets, drawn up for the stable, barn, author: Barbara Łyżka, M.A., 1998, Archives of the Office for the Protection of Monuments in Rzeszów
  • Piórecki J., Zabytkowe parki i ogrody województwa rzeszowskiego, Bolestraszyce 1996, pp. 121-124

General information

  • Type: palace
  • Chronology: poł. XIX w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Werynia
  • Location: Voivodeship podkarpackie, district kolbuszowski, commune Kolbuszowa - obszar wiejski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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