Development of Wieniawski Street, which forms a part of the former public officers’ colon, Warszawa
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Development of Wieniawski Street, which forms a part of the former public officers’ colon

Warszawa

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The development of Wieniawski Street, designed in full by the Warsaw-based architect Marian Kontkiewicz as a symmetrical composition of closed urban interior of a former Żoliborz Urzędniczy colony, is distinctive for its high artistic and historic values. Buildings in a manor house style, referring to Polish provincial Classicism, preserved in their original shape, form an authentic complex of residential buildings from the inter-war period.

History

In the early 1920s, the Ministry of Public Works commissioned the preparation of designs of separate residential complexes for public officers from the Zaścianek Żoliborski association. The colony within the Żoliborz Urzędniczy district was designed by four architects: Romuald Gutt designed the development on the Henkel Square and Wyspiański Street, Aleksander Bojemski - Brodziński Street, where only the even numbers’ side was built-up, Marian Kontkiewicz - Towiański Street. Kazimierz Saski prepared an unexecuted design of terraced houses. The public officers’ colony, referring with its manor house style to small towns of the Old Poland, was built in the years 1922-1926. A symmetric layout of development on Towiański Street, whose both frontages including five groups of buildings joined by gateways represented a mirror image, stood out against other colony buildings. The east frontage was partially destroyed in 1944, during the Warsaw Uprising. They were rebuilt without changes in the late 1940s. The Towiański Street, renamed Wieniawski Street in the 1950s, has preserved its original look in full. It still includes specimens of robinia pseudoacacia on both sides of the street.

Description

Wieniawski Street, perpendicular to Niegolewski Street, is located within the area of the former public officers’ colony in Warsaw’s Żoliborz district, restricted by Feliński, Krasiński, former Stołeczna - currently Popiełuszko streets and Wojska Polskiego Avenue. A symmetric arrangement of buildings on both sides of Wieniawski Street comprises five groups of side-gabled buildings, erected on a rectangular floor plan, with two bays each. The central part of the street is accentuated by a terraced house comprising three component parts: a mid one, including six segments receded from the axis of the street, and two double-segment houses on the sides, along the development line. On both frontages of the street, on the north and south sides, there are symmetric gateways made of brick, linking extreme segments with two terraced, two-storey north and south buildings consisting of six and four segments, respectively. Two semi-detached, two-storey buildings with an upper floor along the axis and a hip roof flank northern and southern edges of the street. Two-storey terraced houses are covered with gable roofs with triangular pediments above the windows. All buildings are made of brick, have plasterwork on the walls and are covered with red roof tiles. Façades with uniform arrangement with profiled cornices, symmetrically partitioned by openings with modest window surrounds carved in plaster. Straight and semi-circularly terminated portals with keystones. Small back gardens abut on each house.

The enclosed urban interior composition is complemented with robinia pseudoacacia growing along Wieniawski Street. These are mostly specimens from before the war, supplemented with new plantings and hedges. Two open gardens are found in the central part of the development, at the front of receded segments.

The feature can be viewed from the outside. Houses with gardens are inaccessible, as they make up private property.

Compiled by Anna Dymek, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Warsaw, 03.11. 2014.

Bibliografia

  • Tomasz Pawłowski Jarosław Zieliński Żoliborz przewodnik historyczny Warszawa 2008.
  • Łukasz Heyman, Nowy Żoliborz1918-1933, Wrocław 1976.
  • Karta ewidencyjna zabytku architektury i budownictwa tzw. Karta biała, Zabudowa ul. Wieniawskiego, E. Korpysz listopad 1985.
  • Karta ewidencyjna zabytku architektury i budownictwa tzw. Karta biała, cztery bramki przejazdowe, E. Korpysz listopad 1985.
  • Karta ewidencyjna zabytku architektury i budownictwa tzw. Karta biała, dom mieszkalny-bliźniaczy, ul. Wieniawskiego 2, J.Giżejewska, kwiecień 2000.

General information

  • Type: spatial layout
  • Chronology: 1922-1926
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: H. Wieniawskiego , Warszawa
  • Location: Voivodeship mazowieckie, district Warszawa, commune Warszawa
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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