Arian church, today residential building, Ublinek
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Arian church, today residential building

Ublinek

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A valuable example of early modern brick and stone gentry mansion, typical of the Małopolska region between the 15th century and 1st half of the 17th century. It is among the best preserved structures associated with the Arian denomination in Poland.

History

The manor house in Ublinek was erected before 1630, most probably at the initiative of Piotr Żórawski, then the owner of part of the village, and his unidentified relative, which is confirmed by the date, coat of arms and the P.Z. and T.Z. placed on the external entry portal (according to the Rev. Jan Wiśniewski, the initials T.Z. stand for Tyburcy Żurawski). In the 17th century, it housed an Arian chapel and an apartment of the preacher, which is mentioned in a description of the building by the Strzyżów parish priest, Jacek Strucki, made between 1668 and 1711. From the mid-19th century until 1945, it was owned by the Winnicki family. In the years 1944-1945, it suffered during the warfare. In 1946, the Ublinek estate was divided among the local farmers, and the manor house was adapted to housing purposes. In 1957 the decrepit and abandoned building was secured, e.g. the roof was repaired. It was repaired a number of times in the following years. In 1988 it was purchased by a private person who performed a thorough renovation. After 1997 it was adopted to fulfil a catering function while some construction works were still continuing.

Description

Early modern manor house sitting on a hill, in the east part of the village. It occupies the area along the road to Strzyżowice, in the vicinity of the old farm buildings (grange). It is a storied building with a basement on a rectangular plan with buttresses at the corners. It was erected from quarry stone and brick, fully covered by plaster. It has a gable roof. The façades are modest; it has triangular gables from the north and south side and large buttress at the corners. The main entrance has a stone portal with a triangular pediment with a "marble" cartouche featuring the Godziemba coat of arms, with the initials P.Z. and the date of 1630; the door lintel reveals the same coat of arms and the initials T.Z. The interior of the building on both floors is divided into two similar parts: a rectangular vestibule with stairs and a bigger square room. The rooms have lunette vaults (ground floor) and wooden ceilings (1st floor). On the ground floor, the doorway between the vestibule and the room has a stone portal with the Godziemba coat of arms and initials the T.Z. | S.R.

Limited access to the monument. Private property. The structure can be viewed from the outside.

Compiled by Łukasz Piotr Młynarski, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Kielce, 23.12.2014.

Bibliography

  • Karta ewidencyjna. Zbór Ariański. Ublinek, oprac. J. Skrzypczak, Tarnobrzeg 1996, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Ochrony Zabytków Delegatura w Sandomierzu i Archiwum Narodowego Instytutu Dziedzictwa w Warszawie.
  • Anusik Z., Własność ziemska w powiecie sandomierski w roku 1629, „Przegląd Nauk Historycznych” 2012, R. XI, nr 2, s. 25-80.
  • Doliwa-Klepacki Z. M., Dwory i dworki oraz ich właściciele w województwie świętokrzyskim, t. 1, Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski 2013, s. 527-530.
  • Juszczyk E., Ublinek tzw. Zbór Ariański. Dokumentacja naukowo-historyczna. Wykonana na zlecenie Woj. Konserwatora Zabytków w Tarnobrzegu, Sandomierz 1986, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Ochrony Zabytków Delegatura w Sandomierzu.
  • Juszczyk E., Kamienica-dwór w Ublinku (dawny dwór ariański), „Zeszyty Sandomierskie. Biuletyn Towarzystwa Naukowego Sandomierskie” 1997, nr 7, s. 12-13.
  • Katalog Zabytków Sztuki w Polsce, t. 3: Województwo kieleckie, red. J. Z. Łoziński i B. Wolff, z. 7: Powiat opatowski, oprac. K. Kutrzebianka i in., Warszawa 1959, s. 114-115.
  • Przypkowski T., Zabytki reformacji w Kielecczyźnie, [w:] Studia renesansowe, red. M. Walicki, Wrocław 1956, s. 57-86.
  • Wiśniewski J., Dekanat opatowski, Radom 1907, reprint Kielce 2000, s. 433-434.

General information

  • Type: sacral architecture
  • Chronology: przed 1630 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Ublinek
  • Location: Voivodeship świętokrzyskie, district opatowski, commune Lipnik
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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