Barrow, Typin
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl
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The barrow is an example of one of the few preserved burial mounds located in Grzęda Sokalska, covering the area of the south-eastern Lublin region, arranged individually or in small clusters and associated with the late-Neolithic Corded Ware culture. What makes it different from other mounds is its location at the top of a raised area of land and fairly good state of preservation.

Location and description

The barrow is located in the south-eastern part of the village, about 1 km in a straight line to the south of the built-up area of the village of Typin and the Typin to Tomaszów Lubelski road and about 400 m to the south of the eastern boundary of the built-up area of Kolonia Typin (part of the village of Typin). The mound is situated at the top of a hump which is 249 above sea level, on a field used for agricultural purposes and in the immediate vicinity of an unpaved road. The barrow is clearly discernible in the surrounding terrain. Currently, it is approx. 1.5 m in height and 25 m in diameter. Based on the findings from these reconnaissance carried out in 1973, Andrzej Hunicz determined that it was approx. 3 m in height and approx. 40 m in diameter. It is a grave containing a single burial (or burials) corresponding to the Corded Ware Culture

History

The mound is dated to the late Neolithic period and should be associated with the Corded Ware culture. Until the mid-20th century, the barrow was in a good state of preservation. Currently, intensive farming by which the whole site has been affected leads to progressive degradation and poses a serious threat to the state of preservation of the structure.

Condition and results of archaeological research

The site has not been subject to excavations. The location and height plan of the site was drawn up by Jan Niedźwiedź and A. Medak in 1989. Surface surveys of the site within the framework of the ‘Archaeological Picture of Poland’ project were carried out by J. Buszewicz, R. Pomarański and J. Waszkiewicz in 1988.

Limited access to the monument. Viewing of the barrow is only possible by arrangement with the owner of the field. The burial mound is easily visible from the unpaved road open to general public.

Compiled by Ewa Prusicka-Kołcon, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Lublin, 24.06.2014.

 

Bibliography

  • Machnik J., Bagińska J., Koman W., Neolityczne kurhany na Grzędzie Sokalskiej w świetle badań archeologicznych w latach 1988-2006, Kraków 2009.

General information

  • Type: Barrow
  • Chronology: 2900-2200 BC
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Typin
  • Location: Voivodeship lubelskie, district tomaszowski, commune Tomaszów Lubelski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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