The parish church of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Corpus Christi, Strzyżów
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The parish church of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Corpus Christi

Strzyżów

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The parish church complex is an example of a sacred complex with a Gothic masonry church in the style characteristic of sacred architecture of the Lesser Poland Voivodeship of that time.

History

The existence of the parish in Strzyżów was recorded in the Peter’s Pence records as early as in 1335; the parish was separated from a much older parish in Dobrzechów. In 1425, tithes and mass tax (so-called meszne) were paid to the church in Dobrzechów, among others, from Strzyżów, Kożuchów, Tułkowice, Kozłówek, Niewodna, Sośnina, Stodolina Wola, Grodzisko, Zawadka, Kalembina, Różanka, Markuszowa and Wiśniowa. The original parish church was the wooden Corpus Christi church. The masonry Corpus Christi church was erected in the early 1490s. It was founded by the then owner of the town, Mikołaj Strzeżowski, starost of Biecz. In 1494, the church was consecrated as the church of Immaculate Conception of the Holy Mother of God and Corpus Christi. A masonry defensive tower (originally with a wooden galley on the upper storey), which also served as a bell tower, was erected in the vicinity of the church in the south-west corner of the market square. On 17 March 1657, the parish church was robbed, and then burned down by Transylvanian troops led by Ferenc Ispan, which were also responsible for burning down a larger part of the buildings in Strzyżów. A consequence of the actions of the soldiers of the George I Rákóczi’s army was almost complete loss of the original interior design and fittings of the parish church. At that time, wooden side altars of the Annunciation and Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary and lavish fittings, including valuable liturgical robes made of damask and brought in person from the Ottoman Empire by Mikołaj Strzeżowski in the 1490s, were irrevocably destroyed. In the second half of the 17th century, the church underwent renovation financed by the owner of Strzyżów, Jan Wielopolski, Governor of Kraków, and on 16 April 1676 the church was consecrated by Mikołaj Oborski, suffragan bishop of Kraków. Further damage to the historical substance of the church interior was caused by fire in 1895, which also destroyed the upper wooden story of the bell tower. In 1895-1897, the building underwent renovations that involved installing a new roof and making new painted decorations in the interior, authored by Jan Tabiński. In 1930-1931, new floors were made in the aisles. In 1958, the roof cladding was replaced with a new one made of roof tiles manufactured in Dobrzechów. In 1977-1979, the façade underwent renovation that involved filling gaps in the stones and joints.

Description

The complex is located behind the south-western corner of the market square. It consists of a church oriented towards the east, bell tower, which was erected as part of the masonry fence surrounding the complex, and a clergy house.

Church. The church is situated behind the south-western corner of the market square between Przekopna Street and the slope forming the boundary to the south. The church is masonry, oriented towards the east, and made of split stone; it was erected in Gothic style, with the interior in Baroque style. Its four-bay body consists of one main nave and two side aisles and was built on an irregular rectangle floor plan. The elongated three-bay chancel closed off on three sides adjoins a sacristy and a small treasury to the north. The pseudo-hall body of the church is horizontal in nature, with the main nave covered with a gable roof. The original Gothic double barrel vault from the late 15th century has been preserved only in the sacristy, whereas the main nave is topped with a barrel vault, and the side aisles with double barrel vaults, which were made during renovations in the second half of the 17th century. The chancel is covered with a barrel vault with lunettes, and the porch with a barrel vault with arches. The roof is clad with roof tiles; the chancel and the main nave are covered with a gable roof, whereas the side aisles and sacristy with a shed roof. Gothic windows are topped with pointed arches and are splayed on both sides. The choir gallery, supported by three arcades, was erected in the 18th century. The main altar was designed in the Late Baroque style and built in the mid-18th century. Inside the church, in the chancel there are epitaphs made of black marble honouring Regina Bączalska (died 1630), Kasper Stanisławski, cupbearer of Sanok, (died 1656), and Teresa Dydyńska (died 1846).

Bell tower. The bell tower is located in the north-eastern part of the parish church complex and was built of stone at the same time as the church. From the very beginning of its existence to the early 18th century, in addition to the functions related to worship, the bell tower played an important defensive role. Its northern wall is situated along the line of the fence surrounding the church complex. The bell tower was built of stone and brick on a square floor plan, with its upper storey in the form of an octagon pierced by pointed-arch windows. Initially, its top storey featured a wooden gallery designed to carry out a missile attack, also using fire arms. After a fire and serious damage to the tower in 1895, its top storey was rebuilt of brick in Gothic Revival style and covered with a conical roof made of sheet metal.

Clergy house. The clergy house located in the south-east part of the parish church complex was probably erected in 1884 according to a design by Tadeusz Stryjeński. The clergy house is masonry, plastered, one-storey, and built on a rectangular floor plan with a two-bay interior layout with a hallway on the axis and a basement; it is covered with a hip roof currently clad with metal roof tiles (originally with wood shingles); its front faces the north.

The monument is open to visitors all year round.

compiled by Andrzej Gliwa, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Rzeszów, 23-07-2014.

Bibliography

  • Gliwa A., Zarys dziejów Strzyżowa do połowy XIX wieku, Strzyżów 2014
  • Grzebień L., Parafia w Strzyżowie i kult Matki Bożej Niepokalanej, Cracow 1997.
  • Record sheet of monuments of architecture, the so-called white sheet, Strzyżów. Kościół p.w. Niepokalanego Poczęcia NMP i Bożego Ciała w zespole kościoła, prepared by B. Podubny, 2011 (Archives of the Voivodeship Monuments Protection Office in Rzeszów)
  • Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce, Województwo rzeszowskie. Ropczyce, Strzyżów i okolice, prepared by E. Śnieżyńska-Stolotowa and F. Stolot, Cracow 1978.
  • Kumor B., Archidiakonat sądecki. Opracowanie materiałów źródłowych do atlasu historycznego Kościoła w Polsce, “Archiwa, Biblioteki i Muzea kościelne”, vol. 8, pp. 271-304, vol. 9, Lublin 1964, pp. 93-269.
  • Studia nad dziejami Strzyżowa i okolic, S. Cynarski (ed.), Rzeszów 1980.

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: l. 90. XV w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Strzyżów
  • Location: Voivodeship podkarpackie, district strzyżowski, commune Strzyżów - miasto
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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