Palace and park complex, Strzelce
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Palace and park complex

Strzelce

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The palace in Strzelce near Chodzież, erected in 1844, surrounded by a landscape park, is an example of a Renaissance Revival residence in Greater Poland. It was designed by one of the most renowned Berlin architects of that time, Friedrich August Stüler, who also created the palaces in Jarocin, Margonińska Wieś, and Łęka Wielka.

History

Strzelce was mentioned in written sources for the first time in 1370. Historical sources dating from the 15th century refer to it as a town. In the 17th and 18th century, Strzelce belonged to the Potulicki family, and subsequently to the Grudzińskis, who also owned Chodzież. In the late 18th century, the town was purchased by Krzysztof von Zach. His son, Ferdynand Zach, replaced a wooden manor house which had burnt down with a palace, built in 1844 according to a design by a renowned Berlin architect, Fryderyk August Stüler. The next owners of the palace were: in 1878, the banker Dagobert Friedlander from Bydgoszcz; in 1895, Wilhelm von Morner; Herman Kennemann (1815-1910); and then his daughter Jadwiga, who sold the complex to the president of the Greater Poland Agricultural Chamber in Poznań, Wiktor Szulczewski. During the occupation of Poland, the estate was under German rule. Starting from 1945, it was managed by a State Agricultural Farm (PGR); since 1992, it has been administered by the Agricultural Property Agency of the State Treasury. Since 1995, the complex has been leased to the Foundation of Wincenty Witos.

Description

The village of Strzelce is located 5 km to the north-east of Chodzież, at the south end of the valley of the Noteć River. The palace and park complex is situated by a road connecting Chodzież with Szamocin. The Renaissance Revival palace faces the north. The building consists of a number of sections and is asymmetric. The two-storeyed main section of the palace features two towers at the corners on the west side and a long orangery on the east side, terminated with a four-storeyed tower containing an entrance gate. The building has a basement. The walls are made of brick and covered with plaster. Particular parts of the building are covered with dual- and four-pitched roofs having small gradients. On the west wall, facing the garden, there is a five-axis avant-corps containing a ball room, adjoined by a large terrace, also having a basement. The south and north façades, each having six axes, have rectangular windows. The junction between the storeys is marked by a string course. The main entrance to the palace, framed by an arched portal, is located on the south side, in a vestibule projecting from the wall. The round-arched windows of the tower and the ball room are accentuated by decorative arches. The tower is topped with a parapet with acroteria at the corners. The palace still has its original two-bay layout, with a corridor running in the centre and rooms arranged on its north and south sides and with a large ball room spanning both bays on the east side. The basement in the east section contains a colonnaded room. The palace is surrounded by a park covering an area of nearly 18 hectares, arranged in an interesting manner. The original layout of the park paths is still partially identifiable. The park is notable for its trees and the partially-preserved paths.

The historic monument can be visited by prior arrangement with the owner.

compiled by Radomiła Banach, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Poznan, 04-12-2015.

Bibliography

  • Jan Skuratowicz, Dwory i pałace w Wielkim Księstwie Poznańskim, Międzychód 1992, s.59,65,138.
  • Leonard Durczykiewicz, Dwory polskie w Wielkim Księstwie Poznańskim, Czempiń 1912 r.
  • Karta ewidencyjna zabytków architektury i budownictwa, Strzelce-pałac oprac. Bogdan Domaradzki, 1981, Archiwum Wielkopolskiego Wojewódzkiego Konserwatora Zabytków w Poznaniu
  • Marcin Libicki Piotr Libicki, Dwory i pałace wiejskie w Wielkopolsce, Poznań 2003, s.368-369.

General information

  • Type: palace
  • Chronology: 1840 - 1844
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Strzelce
  • Location: Voivodeship wielkopolskie, district chodzieski, commune Chodzież
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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