Water tower, Środa Wielkopolska
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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The only such industrial monument in Poland due to its innovative structural and utilitarian solutions. An example of a most successful incorporation of the historicist Gothic expressed with the Rundbogenstil style, which at the same time underlines the technical and utilitarian nature of the building. The high level of functionality is evidenced by the fact that the tower has served its original purpose to this day.

History

The water tower in Środa Wielkopolska was built in the years 1910-1911, at the behest of the municipal authorities of Środa Wielkopolska, by the construction company belonging to engineer Heinrich Scheven from Düsseldorf based on his own design, as part of a larger investment comprising the construction of a municipal waterworks complex (consisting of a water treatment station and pumping station, among others). Upon completion, the municipal water supply network was 5.6 km long in total, and in 1939 (following the connection of the old town area in 1925, among other things) the length increased to almost 10 kilometres. The water tower remains in use to this day. The renovation works carried out since 1988 included the wooden interior staircase being replaced with a steel one, the windows being replaced to match the original, a cast iron overflow pipeline being replaced with a plastic one, and the reservoir being covered with a sheet metal lid. In 1992, the interior was plastered and painted. In the following years, windows were replaced to match the original. At present, the tower building remains one of the best-preserved monuments in the town.

Description

The water tower is situated in the square enclosed with the Żwirki i Wigury, Dąbrowskiego and Harcerska Streets. It was built upon on a base in the form of a concrete ring. Its conical body is made of full ceramic bricks, with the interior plastered and the joints sealed from the outside. The top section is shaped like an octagonal prism supported by 8 buttresses, with pointed-arches in between, which adjoin the bottom part of the body and take the form of pillars near the top. The use thereof, dictated by the necessity to support the section which overhangs the body, determines both the uniqueness and innovativeness of the structure, which according to Stanisław Januszewski make it a herald of openwork construction of such buildings. The sloped eight-faced roof is crowned with a lantern, which serves the purpose of a skylight. The steel Intze-type water reservoir is supported by the body’s stone crown and by a steel ring. The reservoir is protected by steel-framed walls with brick infill.

The monument can be visited from the outside.

compiled by Tomasz Łuczak, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Poznan, 13-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Karta ewidencyjna zabytków architektury i budownictwa, Środa Wielkopolska : wodociągowa wieża ciśnień, oprac. Januszewski Stanisław, 1992, Archiwum Wielkopolskiego Wojewódzkiego Konserwatora Zabytków w Poznaniu.

General information

  • Type: industrial architecture
  • Chronology: 1910-1911
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Dąbrowskiego, Harcerska, Żwirki i Wigury , Środa Wielkopolska
  • Location: Voivodeship wielkopolskie, district średzki, commune Środa Wielkopolska - miasto
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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