Manor house complex, Skoraczew
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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The manor house complex in Skoraczew, comprising a 19th-century manor house extended in the 20th century, a park, and a farm, is an example of a Greater Poland landed nobility residence. Its owners were not only entrepreneurs, but also patriots and social activists. At the moment, it should be regarded as one of the many relics of Polish nobility heritage in Greater Poland that are in danger of destruction.

History

The village of Skoraczew was mentioned in written records as early as in 1397. In 1436, it belonged to Jan Skoraczewski of the Wczele coat of arms. In the 16th century, the estate was owned by the Chwałkowski family, in the 17th century — the Kosiński family, in the 18th century — the Czyżewskis, Wierusz-Kowalskis, Dramińskis, and Sczanieckis, in the 19th century — the Błeszyńskis, and from 1872 — the Krajewskis. The Krajewski family, whose members had faithfully served Poland and the Church for the past six centuries, remained the owners of Skoraczew until 1939. Before World War II, the estate of Skoraczew, using modern equipment, specialised in growing the sugar beet and breeding East-Friesian cattle. The last owner of Skoraczew, Tadeusz Krajewski (born in 1884), was murdered by Russians in 1945 during his attempt to return to his estate. His two daughters were soldiers of the Home Army: Elżbieta (born in 1923) died in 1944 in the German Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration and extermination camp, whereas Halina (born in 1924) died in 1944, after the Warsaw Uprising, in a German prisoner-of-war camp in Altengrabow. During World War II, following the dispossession and displacement of the Krajewskis by the Germans, the estate was managed by a German treuhander (official administrator) called von Harpe, a Balt by origin. After 1945, the estate was taken over by the State Treasury.

The original manor house, a small, one-storeyed building, was enlarged in the 1880s by its contemporary owner — Celestyn Krajewski. An impressive wing was built onto one of its shorter walls. The main entrance was located in the newer part. Most probably in 1937, the next owner, Tadeusz Krajewski, enlarged the new wing substantially, making the front façade twice as large as before and decorating it with a portico with a balcony resting on columns. The corps de logis of the new part of the manor house underwent full-scale renovations in the 1980s. No renovation works have been carried out in the old part of the manor house and thus it is currently in very bad condition. After 1945, a number of complex buildings were dismantled: an orangery, a residential outbuilding, a distillery boiler house, a pig house, and a barn. Moreover, the trees in the northern part of the park, bordering the farmyard on the south and south-east side, were cut down.

Description

The village of Skoraczew is situated approx. 10 km to the south-east of Nowe Miasto upon the Warta River. The manor house, park, and farm complex is situated in the north-western part of the village. The manor house, located in the north-western part of the park, can be accessed by a driveway connecting it with a local road running along the eastern boundary of the complex. The front façade of the manor house faces the east. Its complex body is made up of an old, one-storeyed manor house from the 1880s, built on a rectangular floor plan on the east-west axis. It has brick walls covered with plaster and a half-hip roof covered with beaver tail tiles. The main entrance to the old manor house, with brick steps in front of it, is situated in the south wall. On the east side, the old manor house is adjoined by a new part of the manor house, added in 1937. It has two storeys and a basement and is covered with a flat roof. Its seven-axis front façade is decorated with a three-axis, pseudo-avant-corps crowned with a tympanum featuring a coat of arms superimposed on radially-arranged edged weapons. In front of the avant-corps, there is a brick portico with a terrace supported by pairs of columns and enclosed with a brick balustrade on top of the roof. Some of the rooms on the ground floor were converted into flats.

The landscape park used to be adjoined by a garden and an orchard. To the north of the park, there is a vast farmyard surrounded by farm buildings built mostly in the 4th quarter of the 19th century.

The complex buildings can only be visited from the outside.

compiled by Tomasz Łuczak, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Poznan, 16-11-2015.

Bibliography

  • Marcin Libicki, Piotr Libicki, Dwory i pałace wiejskie w Wielkopolsce, Poznań 2003, s. 343.
  • Skoraczew - pałac, Karta ewidencji zabytków architektury i budownictwa, opr. Andrzej Prinke, 1991, ze zbiorów WUOZ w Poznaniu
  • Skoraczew - zespół dworsko-folwarczny, Karta ewidencji zabytków architektury i budownictwa, opr. Małgorzata Sawicka, 2000, ze zbiorów WUOZ w Poznaniu
  • Wielkopolska. Słownik krajoznawczy, red. Łęcki Włodzimierz, Poznań 2002, s. 324-325.
  • Ewidencja parku podworskiego w Skoraczewie, opr. K. Awzan, Z. Awzan, Poznań 1984, ze zbiorów WUOZ w Poznaniu

General information

  • Type: manor house
  • Chronology: 1880 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Skoraczew
  • Location: Voivodeship wielkopolskie, district średzki, commune Nowe Miasto nad Wartą
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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