Residential tower forming part of a municipal grange, Rakowice Wielkie
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Residential tower forming part of a municipal grange

Rakowice Wielkie

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Residential tower (keep) forming part of the former grange maintained by the municipal authorities of Lwówek Śląski. An example of a small, late-medieval magnate’s residence.

History

The tower was most likely erected by Hans Reusnner, a patrician from Lwówek Śląski, who resided on a piece of land forming part of the village during the second quarter of the 16th century. The estate which he held - the Niedergut, i.e. the “lower estate” - was recorded in 1539 as being the property of the Reussner family, having later attained hereditary status in 1550. The building itself was redesigned on several occasions, with two new windows being installed back in the 16th century. The upper storey was later torn down at the turn of the 19th century or earlier and was replaced with a mansard roof. At an unspecified point in time, the entrance was widened and the interior partition walls were torn down; a small, now-vanished annex was also added to the western side of the structure. Until 1945, the tower, surrounded by manor farm buildings, formed part of a small manor; after the war, the property was taken over by the local State Agricultural Holding (PGR). After 1989, the building, which remained in the hands of the Agency for Agricultural Property, stood empty, with only a few makeshift measures taken to protect it against further damage.

Description

The building is located in the southern part of the village. It was built on a rectangular floor plan, its dimensions being about 8 x 9 metres. Its walls are made of sandstone ashlar blocks. Today, the tower is a three-storey structure, even though originally it used to have either one more storey or a wooden brattice, projecting ahead of the walls and supported by stone corbels. The current mansard roof is a later addition. The north-eastern façade features two entrances: one on the ground floor level and one on the second floor level (the latter originally being accessible from a landing, the sole remnants of which are the niches in the wall in which the ends of supporting wooden beams used to sit). The buildings has two types of windows: narrow slit windows with chamfered edges as well as larger, roughly rectangular ones adorned with profiled (fasciated) stone surrounds. One of the portals (the upper one) is topped with a shouldered flat arch. Stone corbels are visible in the upper section of all four façades. The interior is currently a single, open space which had once featured wooden partition walls, the traces of which can still be discerned both on the ceiling and on the peripheral walls. The building features original wooden beamed ceilings.

The building may only be viewed from the outside.

compiled by Piotr Roczek, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Wrocław, 30-04-2015.

Bibliography

  • Słownik Geografii Turystycznej Sudetów. Vol. 2 Pogórze Izerskie, Vol. II, M. Staff (ed.), Wrocław 2003, p. 284.
  • Zabytki sztuki w Polsce. Śląsk, Warsaw 2006, p. 735.
  • Zamki i dwory obronne w Sudetach, Vol. II Księstwo jaworskie, Wrocław 2009, pp. 167-170.

General information

  • Type: residential building
  • Chronology: XVI w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Rakowice Wielkie
  • Location: Voivodeship dolnośląskie, district lwówecki, commune Lwówek Śląski - obszar wiejski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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