Complex of the parish church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Obiechów
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Complex of the parish church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Obiechów

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An example of a late Baroque wooden sacred structure of the 18th century.

History

The first recorded mention of the parish is in 1325-1327. Jan Długosz mentioned a wooden church but failed to name its dedication or patron saint. The village owner was Jan or Iwan, the castellan of Międzyrzec. From 1491 the parish priest was obliged to maintain a curate. In the 17th century the village was held by the Księski family and in the 18th century by the Mieroszewskis. In 1763, after the destruction of the old church, Katarzyna Miroszewska nee Dembska funded a new wooden parish church where the organs and font were moved. Before 1819 Józef Mieroszewski, the founder and owner of Obiechów and the son of the church sponsor, fenced the churchyard and built a family burial chapel on its verge. The main gate of the fence may be older. In 1890 the church was consecrated by the bishop of Kielce, Tomasz Teofil Kuliński. At the beginning of the 20th century, the wooden sacristy gave way to a brick one. Ca. 1913 a porch and storage were added, and the interior of the temple was renovated (including the new wall paintings). Successive repairs took place in 1937, 1970, 2005, 2008 and between 2010 and 2011.

Description

The church can be found in the centre of the village, almost on the axis of the road from Dąbrownica to Węgrzynów. It is a wooden building of the log structure, on a stone base. The walls are reinforced with clamps on one side.  The church is an oriented, three-nave building with a square body that closes with a rectangular presbytery, closed on three sides. North of it, there is a stone, square-shaped sacristy, and south of it, a wooden chapel. From the west, the church body touches a wooden, square, two-storey belfry, built as a pole-frame structure. The side porch and storage are to the south. The nave and presbytery are covered by separate gable roofs of copper sheet with a hanger roof truss. The roof over the presbytery is lower and ends with a three-panel closing section. The sacristy is covered with a gable roof, and the chapel, porch and storage by a lean-to roof. The belfry has a bulbous cupola with an arcade-like lantern under a domed roof; over it, a spire with a cross on the ball. The bell turret imitates the roof of the bell tower. The façades are finished with a narrow drip edge, are covered with vertically-arranged weatherboards and closed with a cornice board. The clamps are stylised to resemble pilasters with Corinthian capitals. The sacristy walls are plastered, with a brick plinth, topped with a frieze with pointed-arch blinds. The interior is partly covered by wall paintings. Over the nave and the chapel there is a mirror vault and a cradle vault over the aisles; the presbytery ceiling is decorated with a rectangular panel with the image of the Visitation of St Elizabeth and with a coving and cornice; the sacristy has a pyramid-shaped vault. The aisles are separated by two pillars with Corinthian capitels. The rood arch has a rectangular shape with rounded corners. It is flanked by small pillars with Corinthian capitals. The rood beam is concave-convex in shape, a wooden crucifix is suspended above. The Rococo portal leading into the chapel of the 3rd quarter of the 18th century has a richly decorated, wooden framing with a wavy lintel with a cartouche. The choir gallery rests of two wavy pillars. Some of the fittings are the altars with wooden, eclectic retables from the late 19th century, the main altar with the image of the Blessed Virgin Mary with Child and a Baroque painting of the Crucifixion from the 18th century on the sliding panel, between the statues of Saints Peter and Paul and the image of the Visitation in the header; there is also the side north altar with the image of Our Lady of Kodeń on the sliding panel and the south one with the image of St Anthony and St Thecla. In addition, the church has organs with early Baroque decorations, made in 1683 by Jan Konderski, a stone baptismal font of the 17th century, two late Baroque confessionals, Baroque benches and a Rococo bench for the church founders or donors. Also the church bells should be mentioned: a Gothic one with a medallion featuring the Virgin Mary of the 15th century and of 1625 with the representation of the Annunciation and the Crucifixion. In the west part of the fence, there is a classicistic three-panel gate from the beginning of the 19th century, covered with gable roofs. East of the church, along the fence, there is a classicistic, brick burial chapel of the Mieroszewski family, built on a rectangular plan with a four-column portico topped with a triangular gable and covered with a gable roof. The façades feature pilasters and niches resting on the projecting base course. The interior is oval in shape. The chapel features an with the painting of St Isidore dated the 1st half of the 19th century. There is a crypt under the chapel floor.

The building is accessible from outside; access to the interior upon prior arrangement.

Compiled by Nina Glińska, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland Kielce, 05.11.2014.

Bibliography

  • Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce, t. III: Województwo kieleckie J.Z. Łoziński, B Wolff (red.), z. 3: Powiat jędrzejowski, oprac. T. Przypkowski, Warszawa 1957, s. 29-30.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Kościół par. p.w. Nawiedzenia N.M.P., oprac. Adamczyk Anna, Obiechów 1994, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Zespół kościoła par. p.w. Nawiedzenia N.M.P., oprac. Adamczyk Anna, Obiechów 1994, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Kaplica grobowa w zespole kościoła par. p.w. Nawiedzenia N.M.P., oprac. Adamczyk Anna, Obiechów 1994, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Konserwatorskiego w Kielcach.
  • Adamczyk A., Kościoły drewniane w województwie kieleckim, Kielce 1998, s. 110-116.
  • Adamczyk A., Modras J., Polanowski L., Prace przy zabytkach architektury sakralnej i zabudowie miejskiej [w:] Cedro J. i inni (oprac.) Prace konserwatorskie w woj. świętokrzyskim w latach 2001-2012, Kielce 2014, s. 32.
  • Dobrowolska K., Obiechów. Parafia pw. Nawiedzenia najświętszej Maryi Panny. Dekanat sędziszowski  [w:] ks. Tkaczyk P. (red.) Diecezja kielecka. Miejsca - Historia - Tajemnice, Kielce 2011, s. 343.
  • Mirowski R., Drewniane kościoły i dzwonnice ziemi świętokrzyskiej, Kielce 2002, s. 40.
  • Rosiński P., Zabytkowe organy w województwie kieleckim, Warszawa-Kraków 1992, s. 210-214.
  • Wiśniewski J., Historyczny opis kościołów, miast, zabytków i pamiątek w powiecie włoszczowskim, Mariówka 1932, s. 184-191.

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: 1763 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Obiechów
  • Location: Voivodeship świętokrzyskie, district jędrzejowski, commune Słupia (Jędrzejowska)
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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