Palace, now a property of the University of Zielona Góra, Zielona Góra
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Palace, now a property of the University of Zielona Góra

Zielona Góra

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The palace was built in the late 17th and early 18th century and was the seat of the owners of the village for decades. It is situated in the centre of Nowy Kisielin, on the southern side of the main road from Zielona Góra to Droszków. No major alterations have been made to the structure. The building is an important element in the spatial layout of Nowy Kisielin.

History

The Baroque palace (featuring a rectangular floor plan and measuring 16 metres by 30 metres), built probably in 1680-1700, has been preserved to this day. The new seat of the Stensch family was established next to the old Renaissance one, the remains of which survived until the mid- 19th century. The earliest mention of the palace dates back to 1729. After the death of Wenzel Rudolph von Stensch, ownership of the newly converted estate passed to his son, who had the same name as his father. Unlike his father, the son badly managed the family assets. The estate was encumbered with debt and sold to Johan Grunberg from Jeleniów. One year later Grunberg sold the village to Balthasar Nicolaus, Baron von Hock (1716-1766). In 1764 the whole stable forming part of the complex was destroyed in a fire. In 1766, the estate was taken over by the son of Balthasar, Hans von Hock, who in 1773 sold Nowy Kisielin again to the Stensch family. The owner known by name was Maxymilian von Stensch from Przytok. After him, Hans Ernst von Stensch took over ownership of the village. In 1773-1791 Nowy Kisielin was part of the Przytok estates, and since 1791 it was recognised as a separate estate. In 1791 Hans Ernst sold the village to his brother-in-law, Johann Stephan von Boyanowski (from the germanised Bojanowski family). In 1813, after the Johann’s death ownership of the estate passed to his son, Wilhelm Ernest Stefan von Boyanowski. He also funded the construction of a stone bell tower in around 1840. The bell tower was located on the site formerly occupied by the e now defunct Catholic church. The manor farm complex of Wilhelm Boyanowski also consisted of a stable for working horses and a dwelling for a stockman. Fragments of the old stone walls of these buildings are still visible in the lower parts of the walls which were rebuilt by new owners in 1888. The Boyanowski family, who owned Nowy Kisielin by 1859, also built a manor farm known as Wilhelminenthal (now: Ługowo). The name of the homestead could have been given after daughter Sophie Charlotte Louise Wilhelmine von Boyanowski who lived in 1831-1862. In 1859 the Nowy Kisielin and Ługowo estates were acquired by Friedrich Herman von Gotze. He was followed by his son, Otto Arthur Gotze. He made alterations to the complex of utility buildings of the manor farm (1888). It was on his initiative that a distillery was built to the north of the palace (demolished in 1968) and a brick factory. In 1886 the estates of the Gotze family in Nowy Kisielin together with the Ługowo manor farm covered an area of 593 ha, including 269 ha of arable land, 47 ha of meadows, 13 ha of pastures and 251 ha of forests. The livestock bred on the manor farm included 18 horses, 66 head of cattle, 420 sheep and 13 pigs.

In the early 20th century the von Pfeil family took ownership of Nowy Kisielin. The owners abandoned the palace which was not adapted to the twentieth-century needs. They settled in a new villa built in 1910. The villa is located in the south-western part of the manor farm complex. During the interwar period the palace did not undergo renovation, which is why it fell into ruin. The events of the Second World War forced the von Pfeil to abandon Nowy Kisielin in 1945 in fear of attack by the approaching Soviet Army. Since 1945 the structure served as a State Agricultural Farm (PGR). In 1955 the palace underwent renovation, which impoverished the external architecture of the structure. In the the 1980s another renovation began. At present, the building is not in use. The palace, park and manor farm complex is now a property of the University of Zielona Góra.

Description

The palace was built in the late 17th and early 18th century. It is situated in the northern frontage of the manor farm yard, by the main road - Odrzańska Street. Its facade is directed towards the south and a park.

The structure is built of brick, on a rectangular floor plan, and has two storeys and a basement. An annex built on a rectangular floor plan, featuring one floor, without a basement, adjoins the west facade. The building is characterised by a compact body, enriched by an avant-corps in the centre on the north facade and a central faux avant-corps on the south wall. The building is covered with a hip roof, crowned with a tower in the middle, featuring a lantern and a Baroque dome terminating in a spire with a sphere. The roof is made of ceramic ‘beaver tail’ tiles, which are double laid, forming a “lace” pattern. The avant-corps are covered with separate gable roofs. The gable roof with a hip end over the annex is made of cement Dutch tiles. The roof truss is made of wooden and features a queen-post structure combined with a purlin structure. The interior is largely damaged and the original decor has not been preserved. The basements are covered with a barrel vault with lunettes and a groin vault. The lobby is partially covered with a barrel vault with lunettes, featuring pointed arches, and a modern reinforced concrete ceiling. The annex is topped with a groin vault. The other rooms feature wooden, beamed ceilings. The building has half-turn stairs made of wood.

The structure is a property of the University of Zielona Góra. It is abandoned and access to it is limited.

Compiled by Krzysztof Słowiński, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Zielona Góra, 08-07-2014 r.

Bibliography

  • Zamki, dwory i pałace województwa lubuskiego, pod red. B. Bielinis- Kopeć, B. Skaziński, Zielona Góra 2007.
  • Kowalski S., Zabytki architektury województwa lubuskiego, Zielona Góra 2007.
  • Studia na początkami i rozplanowaniem miast nad środkową Odrą i dolną Wartą, pod red. Z. Kaczmarczyk i A. Wędzki, Zielona Góra 1970.
  • Kowalski S., Miasta Środkowego Nadodrza, Zielona Góra 1994.

General information

  • Type: palace
  • Chronology: przeł. XVII/XVIII w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Odrzańska 76, Zielona Góra
  • Location: Voivodeship lubuskie, district Zielona Góra, commune Zielona Góra
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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