Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary parish church, Medynia Głogowska
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary parish church

Medynia Głogowska

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The church in Medynia Głogowska is an important work in the oeuvre of a well-known architect Wawrzyniec Dayczak. It is also a good example of sacred architecture from the late 1950s. The interior of the temple is a unique artistic creation resulting from the application of a local clay processing tradition by Prof. Jan Budziłło (who designed the church décor) and his cooperation with the local artist, Władysława Prucnal. We also need to emphasize landscape values of this monumental temple located on an elevation, towering above the town.

History

The parish in Medynia Głogowska was established in 1718 or 1723. The present church was erected in place of an older, wooden temple that burned on 27 June 1944 as a result of German gunfire. The new church was built to the design of Wawrzyniec Dayczak (1946), author of several dozen buildings of that type in the area of former Diocese of Przemyśl. The construction took place between 1958 and 1960 (Blaschke provides 1959-1968 as the years of construction). The interior was designed by Professor of the Cracow Academy of Fine Arts, Jan Budziłło, using a material that Medynia Głogowska is famous for, that is, clay. The local artist, Władysława Prucnal, was also involved in the works. Ceramic mosaic covered, among others, a chancel, a pulpit and a choir gallery.

Description

The church is located in the central part of the village, east of the development grouped along the main road. It was situated at the road from Medynia to Zalesie, on a western slope of a hill separating these villages. The church is oriented. It was built in a Modernist style. The church has three naves and features a transept in the form of a pair of semi-circularly terminating chapels. The chancel terminates in a similar way, flanked with two rooms that circumscribe the faux ambulatory - opening towards the interior by four arcades. It is a basilica-type church with a monumental corner tower. Vertical partitions of the façades additionally accentuate the soaring character of the temple’s body and the tower itself. The latter was built of rectangular blocks, visibly narrowing in the upper part. The corpus of the nave is preceded by an archway with a terrace. The main nave is accentuated by stepped gables and covered with a gable roof. The chancel, slightly lower than the nave, is also topped with a gable roof, giving way to a conical one. Roofs over even lower chapels of the transept, equalled in height by side naves with shed roofs, feature analogical covers. Rooms that flank the chancel are the lowest; their gable roofs are connected by a shed roof above the faux ambulatory. The church is made of brick. Façades are shaped by additions of particular segments of the church body. The front façade is accentuated by the tower, an archway with a crowning balustrade and pronounced lesenes that partition the façade of the main nave corpus and façades of the tower (to the height of the main nave). Moreover, façades of the temple are rhythmically organised by diverse window openings and buttresses as well as string course and cornices under the eaves. A semi-open faux ambulatory corresponds to the front façade’s archway. The interior of the main nave is covered with a barrel vault with lunettes resting on arches. Arches lower onto pronounced semi-pillars by means of volutes. Between the semi-pillars, there are arcades opening the main nave towards side naves. Side naves are topped with groin vaults. Most elements of the interior décor of the church were designed by Prof. Jan Budziłło - ceramic, figurative mosaic that decorates the chancel, mosaic of the pulpit and Stations of the Cross. Władysława Prucnal also participated in these works. Moreover, Budziłło designed the stained glass window (Cracow Artistic Stained-Glass and Glazing Company) and wall paintings (1962-1967). Sculptures on side altars were created by Witold von Lehenstein-Werndl, Professor of the Cracow Academy of Fine Arts.

The building is available all year round; sightseeing upon prior telephone appointment.

compiled by Bartosz Podubny, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Rzeszow, 14-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Karta ewidencyjna zabytków architektury i budownictwa, tzw. karta biała, Medynia głogowska, Kościół parafialny p.w. Nawiedzenia Matki Boskiej, oprac. V. Błotko, M. Kuś, 2007 r. (Archiwum WUOZ Delegatura w Rzeszowie)
  • Blaschke K., Inwencja i repetycja. Powtarzalność planów w architekturze kościelnej na Rusi Czerwonej, Kraków 2010
  • Dayczak-Wawrzyniec Maria, Wawrzyniec-Dayczak - zarys życia i twórczości „Rocznik Stowarzyszenia Miłośników Jarosławia”, t. 13 (1994-1999), 2000
  • Rickards-Rostworowska Ch., Sztuka z ziemi zrodzona. Rzeźby gliniane Władysławy Prucnal, Olszanica 2013
  • http://www.diecezja.rzeszow.pl/?q=node/2803

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: 1958-1960
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Medynia Głogowska
  • Location: Voivodeship podkarpackie, district łańcucki, commune Czarna
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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