Greek Catholic parish tserkva of the Nativity of the Mother of God, Łodzina
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Greek Catholic parish tserkva of the Nativity of the Mother of God

Łodzina

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The temple is a relatively early example of Latinization, which was common only in the late 18th and 19th century and involved the incorporation of forms, spatial solutions and other features used in Latin churches into the architecture of tserkvas. In the case of a temple in Łodzina, it is manifested by, among others, the same height of walls of particular sections of the tserkva, coverage with gable roofs and addition of a tower storey to the west façade. Moreover, the tserkva is an integral element of the landscape, an accentuation harmoniously incorporated in the surroundings. This monument is distinctive for its unique artistic values.

History

The Orthodox parish in Łodzina probably existed already in 1515. The current church was built in 1743 in place of a former temple. In the 19th and 20 th century the tserkva in Łodzina was a filial tserkva of the Greek Catholic parish in Hłomcza. In the years 1875 and 1900 the feature underwent renovations. After 1946 the tserkva was taken over by the Roman Catholic church. Subsequent renovations at the tserkva were carried out in the years 1965-1967 and 1976-1977 (among others, partially destroyed wood shingles were replaced). During the renovation in the 1980s the interior of the tserkva (wall painting) was hidden behind wood panelling.

Description

The tserkva is oriented towards the east, situated on the edge of the village, at the foot of a hill lowering towards the San river. The area around the tserkva is restricted by a wooden fence. A massive, several centuries-old oak and a contemporary bell tower are located right in front of the tserkva. East of the tserkva, there are relics of a former cemetery.

This is a wooden tserkva with a log structure, tripartite, with a chancel set on a rectangular floor plan and terminating in a semi-hexagon in the east, a square nave and a narrow, rectangular narthex. The nave is more spacious than the adjoining rooms. The log structure of the chancel, nave and narthex is of equal height. Over the narthex, there is a low tower storey with a post-and-beam structure. Its walls are recessed in steps and separated from the narthex by a pronounced skirt roof, at the same time enclosing the upper part of the narthex’s log structure. The tower is covered with a gablet roof with a roof ridge shared by a gable roof of the nave and slopes that form an extension of the nave’s roof slopes. The chancel is covered with a side-gabled roof with five slopes, with a roof ridge lower than the nave. The central part of the roof over the nave features a pronounced, bulbous turret with a blind lantern. The roof ridge of the chancel (at the intersection of slopes) includes a small capital. The ground plate is enclosed by a low shingle apron. Walls, roof slopes and a turret are clad with wood shingles. Window and door openings are rectangular, terminating on top in a segmental arch cut in a lintel. Interior walls and ceilings are clad with wood panelling. The interior of the temple is decorated with a tripartite iconostasis and an altar behind the iconostasis, probably from 1875, as well as several icons and paintings from the 19th century and early 20th century.

The building is available for viewing from the outside all year round; interior tours upon prior telephone appointment.

compiled by Ryszard Kwolek, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Rzeszow, 15-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Bańkosz R., Cerkwie szlaku ikon, Krosno 2007
  • Michniewscy M. i A., Duda M., Wypych S., Kościoły drewniane Karpat i Podkarpacia. Przewodnik, Pruszków 2001
  • Katalog Zabytków Sztuki w Polsce, Woj. krośnieńskie, Lesko, Sanok, Ustrzyki Dolne i okolice, opr. E. Śnieżyńska-Stolotowa i F. Stolot, Warszawa 1982
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Cerkiew fil. p.w. Narodzenia Bogarodzicy, ob. kościół fil. rzym.-kat. p.w. Narodzenia Najświętszej Marii Panny w Łodzinie, opr. B. Bosak, Archiwum WUOZ w Przemyślu - Delegatura w Krośnie, 2004
  • Saładiak A., Pamiątki i zabytki kultury ukraińskiej w Polsce. Warszawa1993
  • Szematyzmy duchowieństwa grekokatolickiego z lat 1877, 1879, 1927, 1936, 1938-39

General information

  • Type: tserkva
  • Chronology: 1743 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Łodzina
  • Location: Voivodeship podkarpackie, district sanocki, commune Sanok
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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