Parish church of St Peter and Paul the Apostles, bell tower, Krzyworzeka
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Parish church of St Peter and Paul the Apostles, bell tower

Krzyworzeka

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Structures from the 13th century, examples of early, provincial brick sacred construction, a rare example of a free-standing bell tower from the 13th century.

History

Krzyworzeka is one of the oldest localities in the region of Wieluń. The church is located by the road from Wieluń to Bolesławiec. The rectangular nave, chancel ending with a straight wall, sacristy, and bell tower built on a nearly square plan originate from the earliest stage of construction of the complex (1264). The wall of the western gable of the church was modified (1775-78), it is Baroque in style. The chancel was extended upwards, probably still in the Middle Ages, and initially covered with a ceiling, and then a barrel vault. Over the chancel, on longitudinal walls, there are relics of wall painting made before the vault was built. In the attic, there is a nave window featuring a semi-circular arch with stepped reveals. The nave is covered with a flat wooden ceiling. From the south, the original body of the church is adjoined by two rooms of the new sacristy and porch, built in 1900. Also at that time, the interior décor was transformed. Inside, there is a Mannerist main altar brought in 1900 from the parish church in Koło.

The bell tower is a one-stage building on a nearly square floor plan with four small window openings with semi-circular lintels, one in each of the façades.

The architecture of the church and bell tower is very simple. Features enabling to determine their style are absent.

Description

The church with a free-standing bell tower is located at the outskirts of the town. It is surrounded by a cemetery. The church is a single-nave building with a separated chancel, without a tower. It is made of erratic stone, sandstone, and ceramic solid brick. Fragments of the walls are made of brick only, arranged in a Gothic (Polish) pattern. From the west, in the corners of the façade, there is a pair of buttresses.

The façades were plastered in the recent times.

The bell tower is made with the use of a technique analogical to the walls. It is made of stone and not plastered.

The church is open on Sundays and public holidays. On week days, the church may be visited upon arrangement with the priest. The priests' house is located to the west from the church, on the other side of the stream, on the opposite slope of the river valley.

The parish is owned by the Church.

compiled by Paweł Filipowicz, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Łódź, 30-09-2014.

Bibliography

  • Początki architektury sakralnej w Polsce, część I, praca zbiorowa pod redakcją
  • L. Kajzera, rozdziały autorstwa L. Kajzera, P. Filipowicza, Z. Lechowicza, T.Grabarczyka i T. Nowaka Łódź, 2009 r.

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: 3 ćwierć XIII w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Krzyworzeka
  • Location: Voivodeship łódzkie, district wieluński, commune Mokrsko
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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