Parish Church of St Adalbert, Kościelec
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Parish Church of St Adalbert

Kościelec

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The Parish Church of St Adalbert in Kościelec Kaliski is a unique combination of a Romanesque stone church — in its oldest part from the 1st half of the 12th century — and a wooden nave from the 1st half of the 18th century. The Romanesque part, including an apse, currently serves as the chancel.

History

The village of Kościelec Kaliski was mentioned by written records for the first time in 1379. The first church may have been built even in the 1st half of the 12th century. In the 13th and 14th centuries, a nave and an apse were added. The church was the property of Jesuits from Kalisz starting from the Middle Ages up to the moment of the compulsory dissolution of the monastery. In 1761, the Jesuits had the church restored. At that time, the parish, being part of the Kalisz Deanery, had 600 members. In the early 19th century, the church became private property. In the 1st half of the 18th century, it was enlarged with a wider, wooden nave and a chapel. In 1875, the church had 2010 parishioners. In 1955, a brick sacristy was built onto the south wall. In the early 20th century, a bell tower was built and the adjacent graveyard was enclosed with a wall. In 1967, Romanesque window openings were reconstructed. At the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century, the church underwent full-scale renovations.

Description

Kościeles Kaliski, located in the Mycielin commune, lies 7 km to the south of Stawiszyno. The church is situated in the central part of the village. The church is surrounded by a former graveyard, occupying an oval area enclosed with a wall made up of wooden pickets on a stone basis, stretching between brick plastered posts. The graveyard is accessible through a gate from the east and a wicket gate. A path runs around the church. Old deciduous trees grow in the former graveyard, currently overgrown with grass. To the north of the church, there is a brick bell tower with three arches, resting on a base made up of bog iron blocks.

The church, having one nave with no aisles, is oriented towards the east. It comprises two parts: the old Romanesque brick church and an 18th-century wooden nave with a chapel. The Romanesque part, currently used as the chancel, is made of irregular granite blocks and cut sandstone. The walls are 1.05 m thick. The upper sections of the walls are made of brick in monk bond, and over the apse — in the so-called Gothic (or Polish) bond. The nave, slightly wider than the chancel, has a wooden log structure; it is covered with weatherboards on the outside. On the north side, the nave is adjoined by a wooden chapel, having an octagonal floor plan. A porch having a post-and-beam structure and covered with weatherboards was built onto the west wall of the nave. The nave has a rectangular floor plan; on its east side is the chancel, also rectangular, terminating in a semi-circular apse, preceded by a step. On the south side, there are small ancillary facilities by the nave and a new, brick sacristy. The nave and the chancel have gable roofs of equal height, covered with sheet metal. The west porch is also covered with a gable roof. Over the nave, there is a tall steeple topped with an onion-shaped cupola. The chapel has an octagonal roof. In the Romanesque part, in the south wall and in the apse, there are original, Romanesque, round-arched, splayed window openings. The window opening on the north side was made at a later time. In the south wall, there is a Romanesque portal, currently concealed by the brick chapel, with a stonemason mark on the right reveal. The windows in the wooden nave are arranged symmetrically.

Inside, there is a wooden ceiling with rounded sections. On the rood beam, there is a crucifix from the 18th century, probably made after the wooden nave was built. The church fittings, dating from the mid-18th century, are uniformly Rococo in character. They include four altars, a pulpit, and a baptismal font. The main altar incorporates a painting of St Joseph, probably from the 17th century, adorned with silver cloth from the late 17th or early 18th century. Particularly notable elements include a painting of Mary the Mother of God and a wooden sculpture of the Pensive Christ.

The historic monument can be visited from the outside. Visiting the building inside is only possible by prior arrangement. More information about the parish and the Holy Mass schedule can be found on the website of the parish and the Kalisz Diocese: www.diecezjakaliska.pl

compiled by Teresa Palacz, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Poznan, 21-12-2015.

Bibliography

  • Katalog Zabytków Sztuki w Polsce, Ruszczyńska T., Sławska A. (red.), t. V, z. 6, pow. kaliski, s. 46 - 47, Warszawa 1960.
  • Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich, t. IV, s. 446, Warszawa 1883.
  • Dzieje sztuki polskiej, Warszawa 1971, s. 705.
  • Świechowski Z., Architektura romańska w Polsce, Warszawa 2000, s. 107, 108.
  • Tomala J. Architektura Sakralna. Murowana architektura romańska i gotycka w Wielkopolsce, t. I, s. 227-8, Kalisz 2007.
  • Kościoły drewniane w Wielkopolsce, Maluśkiewicz P. (red.), s. 121, Poznań 2004.

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: 1. poł. XII w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Kościelec 12
  • Location: Voivodeship wielkopolskie, district kaliski, commune Mycielin
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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