Greek Catholic tserkva of the Epiphany (the Baptism of Christ), currently serving as the filial church of the Greek Catholic parish, Korczmin
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Greek Catholic tserkva of the Epiphany (the Baptism of Christ), currently serving as the filial church of the Greek Catholic parish

Korczmin

photo

A valuable example of wooden ecclesiastical architecture. The tserkva is the oldest building of its kind anywhere in the Lublin region and one of the oldest in Poland.

History

The first recorded mention of the Korczmin tserkva dates back to 1531. The existing tserkva was erected in 1658, using materials taken from the earlier building which stood on the site. The tserkva underwent renovation and alteration works on a number of occasions, including in 1780 as well as somewhere around the year 1850, when the porch preceding the narthex and the southern sacristy were added, as were the octagonal tholobate and the dome rising above it, most likely replacing an earlier, tented roof. Another series of works was performed in the late 19th century, when the northern sacristy was constructed. After 1947, when the local Greek Catholic population was relocated elsewhere, the tserkva became a Roman Catholic filial church of the Machnówek parish. From 1955 onwards, the abandoned tserkva was gradually falling into a state of decay, with both the sacristy and the vestibule being demolished during that period, followed by the demolition of the nearby bell tower in 1974. In years 1990-1993, the ruined tserkva was dismantled and then put back together over the course of the next few years, with parts of the building being reconstructed. In 2002, the tserkva was taken over by the Greek Catholic parish in Lublin and reconsecrated in 2004.

Description

The tserkva is located in the middle of the village (which had been burned down during the war), on the bank of the Rzeczyca river. The church is oriented towards the east. It is a tripartite structure consisting of a nave designed on a square floor plan, a narthex built on a plan approximating the shape of a square as well as a chancel with a semi-hexagonal termination. The nave is both wider and taller than the narthex and the chancel; it is crowned with a dome perched atop a tall, octagonal tholobate supported by pendentives; the chancel features a false barrel vault, while the narthex has a flat ceiling. The chancel and the narthex open up towards the nave with arched passages. The tserkva is a wooden, corner-notched log structure made of pinewood logs bound together using lap joints and reinforced with dowel pins. The sill plate is made of oakwood and is positioned on wooden piles driven straight into the ground below. The walls are reinforced by vertical support both inside and out. The façades are clad with weatherboards, with the exception of the lower storey, which features exposed log structure protected by a broad skirt roof supported by projecting log ends as well as by two posts in front of the entrance. The individual sections of the building are covered with separate roofs, all of them clad with wood shingles. The nave features an octagonal dome with a faux lantern, the narthex has a three-sloped roof while the chancel features a gable roof with a semi-hexagonal termination. The window openings are rectangular in shape, with the windows of the nave and the narthex being topped with triangular arches and adorned with modern surrounds in the form of small rooflets. The original fixtures and fittings has largely been dispersed among different locations; the icon of Our Lady of Korczmin, dating back to the late 16th/early 17th century has been relocated to the parish tserkva located in the Lublin Rural Heritage Museum, with the painting located inside the Korczmin tserkva being a copy thereof.

The historic building is partially accessible to visitors.

compiled by Bożena Stanek-Lebioda, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Lublin, 13-04-2015.

Bibliography

  • Antoniak P., Chodor J., Słobodian W., Zapomniane pogranicze. Dekanat uhnowski, Lublin 2005, pp. 23-28.
  • Bielecki M., Skorniewski M., Ewolucja statusu prawnego cerkwi w Korczminie, “Studia z Prawa Wyznaniowego”, vol. 14, 2011, pp. 221-239.
  • Brykowski R., W sprawie zabytkowej drewnianej architektury cerkiewnej powiatu Tomaszów Lub., “Ochrona Zabytków”, 1972. no. 4, p. 276.
  • Brykowski R., Spalona cerkiew z Hulczy i grupa cerkwi tomaszowsko-hrubieszowskich, “Ochrona Zabytków”, 1974, no. 1, p. 38.
  • Brykowski R., Drugi remanent zabytków dawny powiat Tomaszów Lubelski, “Spotkania z Zabytkami”, 1982, no. 8, 37.
  • Gmiter M., Zejdowski J., Cerkwie pogranicza - raport, “Spotkania z Zabytkami”, 1992, no. 8, pp. 18-22.
  • Górak J., Dawne cerkwie drewniane w województwie zamojskim, Zamość 1984, pp. 17-18.
  • Kaniewska M., Cerkiew w Korczminie - symbol jedności i duchowej mocy, “Spotkania z Zabytkami”, 2005, no. 5, pp. 26-29.
  • Katalog Zabytków Sztuki w Polsce, Vol. VIII: Dawne województwo lubelskie, issue 17: Tomaszów Lubelski i okolice, Warsaw 1982, p. 23.
  • Niedźwiedź E., Niedźwiedź J., Skorniewski M., Kłębek Ł., Dzieje miejscowości gminy Ulhówek powiat tomaszowski, Ulhówek-Zamość 2015, pp. 90-93.
  • Styrna J., Ikona z Korczmina, “Spotkania z Zabytkami”, 1992, no. 8, pp. 27-28.
  • Żurawicka G., Kuśmierz L., Drewniane budownictwo sakralne: powiat Tomaszów Lubelski, powiat Hrubieszów, Lublin 2008, p. 90-91.
  • http://fkdp.pl/cerkiew-korczmin.html
  • http://www.cerkwie.org/getfile.php?id=5&typ=dzialy

General information

  • Type: tserkva
  • Chronology: 1658 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Korczmin
  • Location: Voivodeship lubelskie, district tomaszowski, commune Ulhówek
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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