Evangelical church, currently Evangelical-Augsburg church of the Holy Trinity – Ecumenical Temple of Peace, Kielce
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Evangelical church, currently Evangelical-Augsburg church of the Holy Trinity – Ecumenical Temple of Peace

Kielce

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An example of eclectic architecture from the 1st half of the 19th century — a church with Classicist façades and neo-Gothic tower dome; an evidence of the presence of the Evangelical community in Kielce. 

History

On the turn of the 18th and 19th century, many Evangelical Protestants lived in the city of Kielce and its vicinity, mainly specialists of German origin employed in the Old-Polish Industrial Area and teachers of the Academy of Metallurgy. Efforts to create a parish were undertaken already in 1812, but the authorities issued a permit to built Evangelical church only in 1835. Two years later, Evangelical Protestants received a large state-owned square at the newly delimited Konstantego Street, on which, in late summer of 1836, they started to build a church according to the plans of a member of Evangelical community, voivodeship engineer Karol Meyzer.  The building, preserved until today, resembles in many aspects — inter alia shape of the body, façade, and form of the tower — the church of St. Michael erected in accordance with a design by Stanisław Zawadzki in Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki (home town of Meyzer). The completed church was consecrated in 21 November / 3 December 1837. The construction was carried out under the supervision of Kajetan Hołdakowski from Pińczów. In the same time, a two-storey house was built nearby for the pastor, separated from the church by a garden. The church was renovated a number of times (in 1902, the dome structure on the tower was built anew). After the World War II, the number of Evangelical Protestants in Kielce significantly dropped, which translated into impoverishment of the parish and neglecting the building of the church. In the 1960s, the church was leased to a Polish-Catholic parish and its name was changed to St. Peter and Paul's. Since 1968, a preacher station of the Evangelical-Augsburg parish in Radom had operated in Kielce. In 2001, a general renovation of the neglected building was carried out. In September the same year, the church was called the Ecumenical Temple of Peace. The current church of the Holy Trinity is a filial church of the Evangelical-Augsburg parish in Radom and is used by Evangelical Protestants, Polish Catholics, and the faithful of the Christian Church of Evangelical Faith.

Description

The church is located in the southern frontage of Sienkiewicza Street, at its eastern end, near the junction with Ewangelicka Street, just by Moniuszki Square.  It is a free-standing structure situated on the axis transverse to the street, with a narrow, Baroque tower façade along the line of street buildings, and a presbytery on the south.   Nearby, on the western side in the street frontage, there is a two-storey building of the pastor's house (3 Sienkiewicza Street).  The church square is separated from the street by a fence with metal spans.  The church is made of stone and plastered, and comprised of a single-nave body under a low gable roof, and of a two-storey tower. The high, cuboid tower is framed with pilasters and covered with a neo-Gothic dome in the form of a pyramid flanked by pinnacles in the corners. The nine-axis side façades of the nave are pierced with slim windows with semi-circular top sections. Their Classicist style stems from four-column porticos arranged in the Tuscan order, topped with triangular gables and forming, along with the body, a cross plan.  A spacious nave on a rectangular floor plan is covered by a flat roof, with crown molding along the longer sides. The altar was provided with a frame in the form of a deep, semi-circular niche, whose rectangular clearance is flanked by two Tuscan columns. Behind the altar wall, there is a small sacristy with a diagonal ending section. The choir gallery rests on four Tuscan columns and features a balustrade decorated with panels.

The building is open to visitors; the interior may be accessed only during services

Compiled by Anna Adamczyk, 15.12.2014.

Bibliography

  • Filling card, Kościół ewangelicki p.w. Św. Piotra i Pawła, compiled by E. Traczyński, Kielce 2005, Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Konserwatora Zabytków w Kielcach i Archiwum Narodowego Instytutu Dziedzictwa w Warszawie,
  • Adamczyk A., Kościoły kieleckiego śródmieścia, „Renowacje i Zabytki”, no 4, 2012, pp. 104.
  • Adamczyk A., Modras J., Polanowski L., Prace przy zabytkach architektury sakralnej i zabudowie miejskiej, [in:] Cedro J. (ed.), Prace konserwatorskie w woj. świętokrzyskim w latach 2001-2012, Kielce 2014, pp. 39.
  • Adamczyk J. L., Przewodnik po zabytkach architektury i budownictwa Kielc, Kielce 1998, pp. 66-67.
  • Adamczyk J. L., Wróbel T., Portrety zabytków Kielc, Kielce 2004 r., pp. 36.
  • Mazur H., Początki parafii ewangelicko-augsburskiej w Kielcach - wybór źródeł, [in:] Kłaczkow J. (ed.), Z tradycji i dziejów ewangelików kieleckich, Kielce 2011, pp. 139-160.
  • Mazur H., Źródła do dziejów Kościołów ewangelickich w zasobie Archiwum Państwowego w Kielcach, [in:] Kłaczkow J. (ed.),  Z tradycji i dziejów ewangelików kieleckich, Kielce 2011, pp. 161-189.
  • Mazur H., Inwentarz parafii ewangelicko-augsburskiej w Kielcach z 1853 r., [in:] Studia Muzealno-Historyczne, vol. 4, Kielce 2012, pp. 187.
  • Oborny A., Znani kieleccy ewangelicy, [in:] Kłaczkow J. (ed.), Z tradycji i dziejów ewangelików kieleckich, Kielce 2011, pp. 55-78.
  • Rudkowski W., Kłaczkow J, Dzieje kieleckiej parafii ewangelickiej w świetle dokumentacji Archiwum Kościoła Ewangelicko-Augsburskiego [in:] Kłaczkow J. (ed.), Z tradycji i dziejów ewangelików kieleckich, Kielce 2011, pp. 191-206.
  • Stegner T., Protestanci na terenie guberni radomskiej i kieleckiej w XIX i na początku XX wieku, „Studia Kieleckie”, no 1, 1995, pp. 15-16.
  • Szczepański J., Architekci i budowniczowie. Materiały, Warszawa-Kraków 1990, pp. 94-98.
  • Szczepański J., Mniejszość niemiecka w Kielcach, [in:] Główka J. (ed.), Kielce przez stulecia, Kielce 2014, pp. 184-185.
  • Wrońska-Gorzkowska R., Gorzkowski E., Album Kielecki. Starówka, vol. II: Ulica Henryka Sienkiewicza, Kielce 1996, pp. 23-28.
  • Zarys historii Parafii Ewangelicko-Augsburskiej w Kielcach, www.radom.luteranie.pl

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: 1836 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Henryka Sienkiewicza 1, Kielce
  • Location: Voivodeship świętokrzyskie, district Kielce, commune Kielce
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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