Main building and outbuilding of the Special Board of the Land Credit Society, currently a bank, Kielce
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Main building and outbuilding of the Special Board of the Land Credit Society, currently a bank

Kielce

photo

Example of the impressive public utility architecture from the last quarter of the 19th century, with a preserved façade and interior décor designed in the historicist and modernist style from the 1930s. Material testimony of the activity of landowners organised in the Land Credit Society.

History

The plot of land separated from the former Daleszczyzna manor farm was used for the construction of a new building for the institution branch in Kielce in 1882-1884 at the expense of the Land Credit Society in the Kingdom of Poland. The branch called the “Special Board of the Land Credit Society” was to serve the interests and to finance landed gentry of the Kielce Governorate. The older seat which was too modest and was located in the adjoining building (3 Św. Leonarda Street) was sold. In 1879, Franciszek Ksawery Kowalski, builder of the Kielce Governorate, created the design of the new building; the façade decors was designed in the Renaissance Revival style, documented in a photograph from the early 20th century. The body of the building was the same as the current one and in general the layout was similar. The ground floor housed an office and a spacious meeting rooms; the first floor was used as an eight-room flat for the president (Erazm Różycki from Opatkowice Murowane at that time) and two more modest flats for councillors. Stairs and sills were made of Chęciny marble; the interiors were decorated with stuccowork and ornamental tile stoves. A utility outbuilding was built at the back of the property. After World War 1, the building became the seat of the National Bank of Poland. In 1938, the façades of the building were completely altered according to a design by Kazimierz Michalski, giving them their current modernist appearance. The utility building also underwent alterations and was adapted for use as an outbuilding. Since 1998, the property is owned by the BPH S.A. bank. The main building was renovated in the 1990s.

Description

The impressive building is located in the city centre, on the northern frontage of Św. Leonard Street, by the junction with T. Kościuszki Street. In the backyard, at the northern boundary of the plot, there is a modest outbuilding. The area is surrounded by a metal openwork fence resting on a foundation. Both buildings are characterised by early modernist décor with historicist influences.

The corner building of the bank is masonry, plastered, multi-storey, covered with a low multi-hipped roof, and rests on a basement. It was built on a floor plan resembling the letter “H”. Two front façade avant-corps facing Św. Leonarda Street correspond to two wings projecting more significantly in the backyard. The symmetrical façades feature semi-circular windows on the ground floor, arranged between rusticated pillars; the rectangular windows on the first floor are framed by simple surrounds. The whole structure is crowned by a high attic covering the roofs of the building. The central part of the façade was accentuated by a rusticated pseudo-avant-corps braced by pilasters with over-stylised Corinthian capitals, in giant order, supporting the entablature. It is surmounted by a taller attic with a square plate in the centre that formerly featured the image of the Polish Eagle. The interiors feature a two- and one-bay layout with a hallway and the main staircase on the axis. The design scheme of the façade was repeated in the interiors with walls and ceilings adorned with stuccowork. The hall features two marble plaques: one plaque bears the date of construction, the other one commemorates Erazm Rola-Różycki, meritorious president of the Land Credit Society. The masonry outbuilding consists of one storey, built on an elongated rectangular floor plan, and covered with a gable roof. The five-axial front façade decorated with pilasters was surmounted by ground attic wall. Visitor access: Limited access to the monument. The structure can be viewed from the outside. The bank rooms are open to the public.

compiled by Anna Adamczyk, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Kielce, 14-12-2014.

Bibliography

  • National Archives in Kielce, files of the City of Kielce, Technical Department, ref. no. 1173, Projekt zmiany elewacji…, K. Michalski, 1938 r.
  • “Gazeta Kielecka” 1880, no. 39; 1880, no. 41; 1881, no. 84; 1882, no. 37; 1882, no. 38; 1884, no. 22, 37, 38, 60.
  • Adamczyk A., Prace remontowo-konserwatorskie i budowlane w granicach województwa świętokrzyskiego i dawnego kieleckiego, [in:] Piasecka A. (ed.), Prace konserwatorskie w latach 1990-2000. Dziesięć lat Służby Ochrony Zabytków w Kielcach, A. Piasecka (ed.), Kielce 2001, p. 37.
  • Adamczyk J. L., Przewodnik po zabytkach architektury i budownictwa Kielc, Kielce 1998, pp. 60-61.
  • Adamczyk J. L., Wróbel T., Portrety zabytków Kielc, Kielce 2004, pp. 32-33.
  • Oborny A., Sztuki plastyczne i architektura w XIX w., [in:] Główka J. (ed.), Kielce przez stulecia, Kielce 2014, p. 257, fig.
  • Szczepański J., Architekci i budowniczowie. Materiały, Warsaw-Cracow 1990, p. 160.
  • Urbański K., Miklaszewska H., Sentymentalne Kielce. Fotografie ze zbiorów Muzeum Narodowego w Kielcach, Kielce 2004, p. 49.
  • Wrońska-Gorzkowska R., Gorzkowski E., Album Kielecki. Starówka, part I, Kielce 1996, pp. 75-76.

General information

  • Type: public building
  • Chronology: 1882-1884 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: św. Leonarda 2, Kielce
  • Location: Voivodeship świętokrzyskie, district Kielce, commune Kielce
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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