Chapel of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (and St Valentine the Martyr), Kamion
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Chapel of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (and St Valentine the Martyr)

Kamion

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The chapel was built after 1765. It is one of the most valuable examples of wooden sacred construction in the Voivodeship of Łódź, which reflects the development of historical carpentry techniques.

History

Kamion is a former town on the Wieluńska Upland, located on the right bank of the river Warta, in the place of the river crossing along the trade route from Ruthenia to Silesia. The first mention about the town comes from 1382. Before 1462, Kamion probably already had municipal rights (there is a “quondam oppidum” record in the church files, which meant a town in the past), which were revoked thereafter, probably in the end of the 16th century and in the 17th century. The chapel was built after 1765, to replace the former one. The parish church in Kamion, also referred to in sources as a chapel belonging to the parish in Mierzyce, existed already in the 16th century, as documented in Liber beneficiorum of 1521. The first dedication and description of the chapel of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary appear in the files of the Archdiocese of Gniezno in 1669. It was a building covered with wood shingles, with three altars: main altar of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and two side altars: of St Anne and of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and a five-voice organ. In the protocols from the inspections in 1720, the second dedication of the chapel is recorded - St. Valentine the Martyr, however during subsequent inspections, only dedication of the Blessed Virgin Mary is mentioned. In mid-18th century, due to the bad condition of the chapel, it was ceased to be used and, as a result - dismantled. In its place, after 1765, a new chapel was built with the use of the demolition material left of the previous church. In years 1894 and 1900, the chapel underwent a throughout renovation, which is documented by an inscription on the log of its southern wall: “FI. Kr.1894 1900”, Probably, a vestibule was added from the south at that time. The most recent renovation of the chapel took place in 2001.

Description

Kamion is located approx. 15 km to the south-east from Wieluń, by a local road, running from Mierzyce to Działoszyn. The chapel is located in the centre of the village, at the intersection of local roads. The area around the chapel is fenced by a wooden fence with foundation; it is accessible from the southern side. The chapel is built on a nearly square plan, with an entrance located in the centre of the southern wall. The more recent vestibule from the turn of the 19th and 20th century adjoins it from this side. The main, original body of the chapel, in the form of a cube, is covered by a pronounced and steep tented roof with four slopes and pronounced eaves, topped with a steeple. The cuboid vestibule adjoining the chapel from the south is covered with a low shed roof. The chapel is made of oak wood on the basis of a log structure. The logs are trimmed to the form of the so-called half-trees, with wanes on the edges, joined in the corners with notched lap joints. The chapel’s interior is covered by a wooden log ceiling with a false ceiling underneath. The roof is covered by wood shingles, and its structure is comprised of a central post (so-called king post), and rafters resting on it. The walls of the vestibule are built in a post-and-beam structure, covered with vertical weatherboards with board and batten siding from the outside. The log structure of the façades of the chapel is visible. The façades are not decorated. The interior consists of a single space, with flattened surfaces of the logs visible. In the northern and eastern wall, there are small round windows cut out in the log structure. On the axis of the southern wall, there is a door opening in a pronounced surround with carpentry finish, topped with a shouldered arch. The doors are beamed and planked, with a cast staple and a blacksmith lock with escutcheon, and strap hinges with decorative finish. On the southern wall of the chapel, on the east side of the entrance, there are letters and dates carved: “Fl. Kr./1894/1900”, probably referring to the renovation of the building, or maybe to its founder or renovation founder.

The building is available all year round; interior tours upon prior telephone appointment with the parish administrator in Toporów.

compiled by Elżbieta Cieślak, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Łódź, 15.12.2014.

Bibliography

  • Katalog kościołów i Duchowieństwa Diecezji Częstochowskiej, Częstochowa 1978 s. 511.
  • Ks. S. Librowski, Repetytorium akt wizytacji kanonicznych dawnej archidiecezji gnieźnieńskiej, Archiwa, Biblioteki i Muzea Kościelne, T. 28-31, Lublin 1974-76, s. 105, 133, 154, 162,169,313,396,498,522.
  • Słownik Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich, pod red. T. Sulmierskiego, T. III, Warszawa 1881, s. 777.
  • Ryszard Rosin, Słownik historyczno-geograficzny ziemi wieluńskiej w średniowieczu, Warszawa 1963, s. 89.

General information

  • Type: chapel
  • Chronology: XVIII w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Kamion
  • Location: Voivodeship łódzkie, district wieluński, commune Wierzchlas
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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