Church of St James the Great, Kamieniec
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Church of St James the Great

Kamieniec

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The Church of St James the Great is a log structure covered with weatherboards, with a tower having a post-and-frame structure. It is an example of a rural wooden church without a separate chancel part, characteristic of this region. The church has retained its original form from the time of its construction, completed in 1724, and its original, unique interior decor.

History

The first church in Kamieniec, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, was built in the 13th century owing to the efforts of a monastery in Trzemeszno.

In 1521, there was a wooden church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Kamieniec.

The one built in 1608 was dedicated to St James the Less.

In the late 17th century, the Fraternity of St Joseph was established at the parish; the parish also had a painting of St Joseph that was regarded as having miraculous properties.

The present church was constructed in the years 1723-1724 owing to the efforts of the parish-priest Jan Cieński. The building replaced the previous church that had been dismantled.

In the mid-18th century, a new pipe organ was founded.

The church was renovated in 1902.

In 1931, the church roof was replaced with new wood shingles.

In 1948, the wooden sill plates were replaced with stone sill plates.

In the 1960s, the church received new weatherboards.

The church interior has been renovated a number of times since the 1990s.

Description

Kamieniec, one of the oldest settlements in the Gniezno Lake District, belonged to the monastery in Trzemeszno. The village is located 12 km to the south of Mogilno and 10 km to the east of Trzemeszno, on the west shore of Kamienieckie Lake. The church is situated on the east side of the road, by the lake; its west entrance, leading through the church tower, faces the road. The area surrounding the church — a former graveyard, having a rectangular outline — is separated from the road with a fence made of wooden pickets stretching between stone posts and resting on stone foundations. On the other sides, the church is enclosed with a chain-link fence. Deciduous trees, predominantly ashes, grow in the former graveyard, currently overgrown with grass; the church is surrounded with a procession path. Next to the church, there are graves of former parish-priests. To the east of the church, there is a rectory from the early 20th century, and to the south, there is a new morgue.

The church has a wooden log structure resting on stone foundations. Its exterior walls are covered with weatherboards (as opposed to the interior walls). On the west side, there is a tower having a post-and-frame structure, with a porch at the ground floor level, also covered with weatherboards. The nave has a rectangular floor plan with two chapels, one adjoined by a sacristy (on the north side) and the other adjoined by a porch (on the south side), forming a transept. The tower contains a square vestibule leading to the nave from the west. The chancel has the same width as the nave; it terminates in a semi-hexagon. The nave and the chancel have a common roof, covered with wood shingles. The side chapels form a transept, as high as the nave, and are covered with three-pitched roofs. At the junction of the nave ridge and the transept ridge, there is a quadrangular steeple with a tented roof, topped with a sphere. The church walls are covered with vertically-positioned boards. The windows are rectangular. The nave and the chancel are separated by means of a rood arch. The side chapels open to the nave. The ceiling is flat, with its side sections positioned diagonally. On the west side, there is a music gallery supported by bevelled quadrangular posts topped with capitals. The church has retaine its original form from the time of its construction and the original interior fittings from the 17th and 18th centuries, including the Baroque main altar from 1724 and a Late Baroque pulpit. The church is situated on St James's Trail.

The historic monument can be visited from the outside. Visiting the building inside is possible by prior arrangement. More information about the parish and the Holy Mass schedule can be found on the website of the parish and the Gniezno Archdiocese: www.archidiecezja.pl

compiled by Teresa Palacz, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Poznan, 30-09-2015.

Bibliography

  • Słownik Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich, t. III, s. 765, Warszawa 1882.
  • Łuczak Cz., Studia z dziejów ziemi mogileńskiej, t. 1, s. 405-7, 411-13, Poznań 1978.
  • Katalog Zabytków Sztuki w Polsce, Mogilno, Strzelno, Trzemeszno i okolice (d. pow. mogileński), t. XI, z. 10, s. 10-12, Warszawa 1982.
  • Łęcki Wł., Wielkopolska - słownik krajoznawczy, Poznań 2002.
  • Białłowicz-Krygierowa Zofia, Zabytki Mogilna, Trzemeszna i okolic od gotyku po barok. [w:] Studia z dziejów ziemi mogileńskiej, s. 317-431., Poznań 1978.

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: 1723 - 1724
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Kamieniec 4
  • Location: Voivodeship wielkopolskie, district gnieźnieński, commune Trzemeszno - obszar wiejski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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