Greek Catholic parish tserkva of St George, currently the Roman Catholic parish church of St Peter and Paul, Jurowce
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Greek Catholic parish tserkva of St George, currently the Roman Catholic parish church of St Peter and Paul

Jurowce

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The tserkva represents a group of features that were created out of the attempts to find a Ukrainian tserkva style. In the Podkarpackie Voivodeship, it is one of the earliest features that exhibit these attempts (tripartite body, three domes, centralisation of plan by adding large chapel annexes to the nave).

History

The tserkva was erected in 1873. This date is found on a lintel of a front door to the narthex. In 1892 the iconostasis was created and perhaps the wall paintings in the interior. The iconostasis was designed by Mechdigotskiy, whose first name remains unknown. In 1905, a brick belfry was erected at the tserkva. During the renovation in 1924, side annexes (chapels) of the nave were clad with sheet metal (previously they were clad with wood shingles) and a chapel was added at the chancel from the south. In 1946 the tserkva was taken over by the Roman Catholic church. During subsequent renovations (1970 and 1981) foundations of the tserkva were reinforced and the roof cover and weatherboarding on walls was replaced. Additionally, the vestibule was extended upwards to the height of tserkva walls. In 1989 a terrazzo floor was installed in the nave and narthex, the southern chapel was clad with wood panelling and wall paintings were renovated. In 2015 the sheet metal cover of cupolas was replaced with copper sheet.

Description

The tserkva is located on a small elevation in the north-eastern part of the village, at the Rzeszów-Sanok road. To the north of the tserkva, there is a masonry, two-storey bell tower of a screen type. The area of the tserkva is surrounded by a contemporary, steel fence. The tserkva is orientated towards the east.

The tserkva is a tripartite building with three domes, erected on a Greek cross floor plan. It consists of a chancel on a floor plan approximating a square, enclosed with three walls in the east, a square-shaped nave - larger than other sections of the building, and a slightly smaller narthex, also on a plan resembling that of a square. Slightly narrower chapel annexes, terminating in a semi-hexagon, abut on the nave in the north and south. Together with the chancel and the narthex, they form a floor plan of a quite regular Greek cross. A collator chapel is added to the chancel in the south. It terminates in a semi-hexagon in the east. Opposite the chancel - in the north - there is a sacristy on a floor plan approximating a square. The narthex is preceded by a slightly narrower vestibule erected on a rectangular floor plan. The tserkva body is compact, compiled of easily separable cubical segments and picturesque owing to the diversity of applied geometric figures: cubes and cuboids on the lower storey and octagonal pyramids crowned with bowls of domes on the upper storey. The chancel, nave, chapel annexes and narthex with a vestibule are of the same height and are covered with roofs with ridges of the same height. The chancel and chapels are covered with multi-faceted roofs. The narthex with a vestibule is covered with a common gable roof, while corners of the nave are topped with basket roofs seamlessly connected with a roof over the narthex and over the chancel. The collator chapel and sacristy are lower than the chancel. The sacristy is covered with a gable roof, while the chapel is topped with a three-sloped roof. The chancel, nave and narthex are surmounted by spherical domes of different sizes (the largest one over the nave, the smallest over the narthex), resting on relatively tall, octagonal tholobates and crowned with low faux lanterns topped with onion-like cupolas. The tserkva is a wooden building, erected by applying a log structure, except for a vestibule that features a post structure. Walls of the tserkva are covered with vertical weatherboarding, while the roofs are covered with sheet metal. Door openings are rectangular in shape. Window openings are rectangular, topped with semicircular arches. Inside, the chancel, nave and narthex are surmounted by cupolas on tholobates; the sacristy and chapel are covered with false barrel vaults, while the transept chapels feature cloister vaults. The choir gallery overhangs along the western wall of the narthex; a parapet in the middle part is bulbous. The walls are partially covered with wall paintings with geometric-ornamental and figurative motifs (mainly on tholobates and cupolas).

The building is available for viewing from the outside all year round; interior tours upon prior telephone appointment.

compiled by Ryszard Kwolek, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Rzeszow, 20-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Bańkosz R., Cerkwie szlaku ikon, Krosno 2007
  • Michniewscy M. i A., Duda-Gryc M., Cerkwie drewniane Karpat. Polska i Słowacja. Przewodnik, Pruszków 2011
  • Katalog Zabytków Sztuki w Polsce, Woj. krośnieńskie, Lesko, Sanok, Ustrzyki Dolne i okolice, opr. E. Śnieżyńska-Stolotowa i F. Stolot, Warszawa 1982
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Cerkiew par. gr.-kat. p.w. św. Jerzego, ob. kościół par. rzym.-kat. p.w. śś Piotra i Pawła w Jurowcach, opr. B. A. Bosakowie, Archiwum WUOZ w Przemyślu - Delegatura w Krośnie, 1991
  • Saładiak A., Pamiątki i zabytki kultury ukraińskiej w Polsce. Warszawa1993
  • Szematyzmy duchowieństwa grekokatolickiego z lat 1877, 1879, 1927, 1936, 1938-39

General information

  • Type: tserkva
  • Chronology: 1873 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Jurowce
  • Location: Voivodeship podkarpackie, district sanocki, commune Sanok
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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