Parish Church of St Anne, Grodzisk Mazowiecki
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Parish Church of St Anne

Grodzisk Mazowiecki

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The St Anna church in Grodzisk Mazowiecki, erected in stages from 1887 onwards, took on a final form in the 19th century, owing to the expansion performed by a Warsaw-based architect Bronisław Brodzic-Żochowski. Its body includes significant 17th and 18th-century features. The feature is an important element of the former development of the town and bears witness to its rich history.

History

The first mention of the parish church in Grodzisk Mazowiecki dates back to 1355. The previous, wooden temples were erected upon initiative of Grodziski and Okuń families. In 1687 a masonry church was built, founded by W. Mokronowski, castellan of Rawa, which constitutes today’s presbytery with a sacristy in the north and a chapel in the south. In the years 1699-1714, upon initiative of parish priest F. Rogowski, a Baroque stage of the construction began. At that time, a nave was built. In the 18th century the second transept chapel was added in the north as a thanksgiving of A. Miklaszewski, tribunus of Sochaczew, and his daughter, I. Izdbieńska. In the 3rd quarter of the 18th century the church was restored owing to J. Mokronoski, Voivode of Mazovia. The church was consecrated in 1808 by bishop Onufry Szembek. B. Brodzic-Żochowski was an author of the design of side naves added in the years 1884-1889 and a tower completed in 1898. At that time, a sacristy was added in the south. It was destroyed by the Russians in 1915. Following wartime damages the church underwent full-scale restoration in 1927 under the supervision of K. Skórewicz. The church was renovated in 1966 and in the 1990s. After 1967 the façade window was walled up.

Description

The church is located in the centre of the town, in an area surrounded by a masoned fence from 1861, situated on the southern side of H. Sienkiewicza Street, at King Sigismund I Square. The building is oriented, made of brick and plastered, erected on a Latin cross floor plan with a semi-circularly terminating presbytery. The nave corpus is a three-bay one in the basilica arrangement, with much lower side naves opening towards the main naves by pairs of arcades. Transept arms form chapels, equal in height to the main nave. A two-bay chancel is accentuated on the sides by much lower, rectangular sacristy rooms. A low porch abuts on the front façade along the axis, while a three-storey bell tower crowned with a cupola is located in the north-west corner, set on a square floor plan. Tripartite roofs are covered with sheet metal, except for side naves covered with pent roofs. A simple front façade wall, crowned with a gable with an oculus and a foundation board, is adorned with pairs of pilasters on the edges. A porch with an entrance has an analogous crowning, but with a semi-circular window. Its corners are braced with simplified pilasters. The decoration of façades is very modest, restricted to the partitioning of walls by Tuscan pilasters supporting the cornice. Corners of the transept arms and the north sacristy were chamfered. Window openings of a different size are mainly rectangular, except for the lower storey of the tower, where windows terminate in a round arch. Initially, the decoration of the tower façades was much more lavish, with a visible partitioning of storeys. Currently, over the slightly wider part of the ground floor, upper floors of the bell tower are braced by pairs of pilasters in the Giant Order. The form of a tall cupola of the tower is reminiscent of French Renaissance. The interior is articulated by pairs of Tuscan pilasters, supporting a slightly broken cornice. There is a ceiling over the nave and in the remaining parts of the temple there are vaults on arches: barrel vaults with lunettes and cross-barrel vaults. Inside, epitaph plaques from the 17th century are found, e.g. of the Okuń family from the Late Renaissance, with kneeling figures of Orantes and Mokronoski family members.

The feature is available for visitors outside the hours of religious services.

Compiled by Małgorzata Laskowska-Adamowicz, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Warsaw, 10-09-2014.

Bibliography

  • M. Cabanowski Opowieści o kościołach dawnego dekanatu grodziskiego, Grodzisk Mazowiecki 1996, s. 55-67
  • H. Faryna-Paszkiewicz M. Omilanowska M., Pasieczny R., Atlas zabytków architektury w Polsce, Warszawa 2001.
  •  I. Galicka, H. Sygietyńska, Zabytki Grodziska Mazowieckiego i okolic w: Dzieje Grodziska Mazowieckiego pod red. J. Kazimierskiego,  s. 289-296
  • Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce, T. X., Woj. warszawskie, z. 4, Pow. grodzisko-mazowiecki, opr. I. Galicka, H. Sygietyńska, 1967
  • Żabicki J., Leksykon zabytków architektury Mazowsza i Podlasia, Warszawa 2010
  • Karta Ewidencyjna Zabytku Architektury. Kościół rzym.-kat. par. pw. św. Anny (Grodzisk Mazowiecki), opr. M. Warchoł, 1999 r., Archiwum NID
  • http://grodziszczanin.blogspot.com/2013/10/koscio-pw-sw-anny-w-grodzisku.html - dostęp 10-09-2014 r.
  • http://www.swietaanna.pl - dostęp 10-09-2014 r.

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: 1687 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: pl. Króla Zygmunta Starego 2 A, Grodzisk Mazowiecki
  • Location: Voivodeship mazowieckie, district grodziski, commune Grodzisk Mazowiecki - miasto
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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