The St Nicholas parish church complex, Dzikowiec
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The St Nicholas parish church complex

Dzikowiec

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The church forms an example of a well preserved church complex, most of which dates back to the first half of the 19th century. The church was built according to a typical parish church design originating from the Habsburg Monarchy in the late 18th century; during the first half of the 19th century, many churches were built according to this design in various locations in the Austrian Empire. The church in Dzikowiec is a modified version of the typical brick and stone parish church for 1500 worshippers design that is rarely seen in the Podkarpackie voivodeship.

History

The parish was founded in 1577, the existing church being the second or third that was built in this particular village. Built in years 1814-1816, it was erected to replace an older, wooden church which preceded it. In 1879, the wood shingle roofing was replaced with galvanised steel sheets. After 1879, the walls were covered with plaster. In 1933, a porch was added in the front of the church. The belfry most likely originates from the period when the church itself was built; the rectory on the other hand was erected between 1811 and 1835. The fence is dated at around 1933, having since been renovated in 1970.

Description

The church complex is located in the central part of the village, spreading out on both sides of a local road. The church is located south of the road and oriented on the south-east/north-west axis. i.e. in parallel to the road, the front facade facing the north-west. A belfry stands north of the church. The church and the belfry are surrounded by fence. The rectory is located north of the church, on the northern side of the road.

The church itself is a three-nave hall church. It features a three-bay nave with a narrower choir bay, preceded by a rectangular porch. A single-bay, rectangular presbytery, narrower than the nave, is flanked by a pair of auxiliary chambers, the northern one preceded by a vestibule located north of the chamber in question. The building itself is horizontal in shape, with an added porch and a small tower which blends with the front section of the church. The body of the building covered by a hip roof; the chancel has a gable roof with a hip end and the porch features a typical gable roof. The tower is crowned by a rounded pyramidal roof. Shed roofs cover the other sections of the church; all roofs surfaces covered with sheet metal. A small steeple juts out of the upper roof ridge. The church is made of brick. The interiors of the nave and the chancel feature sail vaults supported by arches. The front facade accentuated with two pairs of pilasters - a decorative feature which also appears on the walls of the porch. The plain facade detailing is limited to simple window surrounds and a cornice underneath the eaves which features a semicircular bulge designed to accommodate a turret clock in the front facade of the tower.

The interior fittings originate mostly from the second half of the 19th century and include a Baroque Revival main altar and two neoclassical side altars built in the 1870s. The windows feature stained glass designed by Stefan Matejko and manufactured at the S.G. Żeleński Stained Glass Works in Cracow.

The wide, monumental bell tower is made of brick and is perforated by three arches of equal height.

The rectory is oriented in parallel to the road; a brick structure built on a rectangular floor plan, it features a small wooden porch at the front (southern facade) and a cellar underneath a part of the building. The rectory is simple in shape and features a hip roof covered with sheet metal. Barrel vault in the cellar; all other ceilings feature a beam structure. Facades feature modest architectural detailing.

The shape of the area around the church approximates that of a rectangle; it is surrounded by a fence consisting of brick posts and metal fencing spans. The area is accessible through a gate in the north-western section of the fence as well as two smaller gates in the north-eastern section thereof. Small plastered brick shrines with alcoves occupy the corners of the plot, their bases shaped as irregular pentagons.

The building is available all year round and may be visited upon prior telephone appointment.

Compiled by Bartosz Podubny, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Rzeszów, 26.08.2014.

Bibliography

  • Record sheet, Dzikowiec Stary, the St Nicholas parish church, compiled by Tur K., 1991, Archive of the Voivodeship Heritage Monuments Protection Office, Krosno Regional Office.
  • Record sheet, Dzikowiec, Bell Tower, compiled by Tur K., 1991, Archive of the Voivodeship Heritage Monuments Protection Office, Krosno Regional Office.
  • Record sheet, Dzikowiec, Rectory no. 275, compiled by Tur K., 1991, Archive of the Voivodeship Heritage Monuments Protection Office, Krosno Regional Office.
  • Katalog Zabytków Sztuki w Polsce, Seria Nowa, vol. 3: Województwo rzeszowskie, issue 3: Kolbuszowa, Mielec i okolice, Warsaw 1991.
  • Blaschke K., Inwencja i repetycja. Powtarzalność planów w architekturze kościelnej na Rusi Czerwonej, Cracow 2010.
  • Mroczka W., Dzieje parafii Dzikowiec w latach 1577-1945, Dzikowiec 2011.

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: 1814-1816
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Dzikowiec
  • Location: Voivodeship podkarpackie, district kolbuszowski, commune Dzikowiec
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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