Manor and park complex with a farm, Ciekocino
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Manor and park complex with a farm

Ciekocino

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The complex characterised by clear composition is picturesquely incorporated into the natural varied and forest complex constituting the setting for the body of the palace, which is the dominant feature of the complex. Particularly noteworthy is the spatial relation between the palace - park and the farm.

History

The former manor and house complex including manor house, residential building, governor’s house, barn, distillery, cowshed and part from the later 19th and early 20th century is located on the south side of the road from Kurowo to Ciekocinko (Zackenzin). The first mentions of the village date back to 1362. Between 1658 and 1804, this area was part of the estates of Krockow i Ossecken. In 1804-1853, its successive owners were: brothers Jasmund, Johan Ludwig Caulen (or Canlen), Treubrodt. Since 1853 Hanichen; since 1864 — Leo von Braunschweig; since 1899 — Georg von Braunschweig; and in 1905 — Ernst von Braunschweig. Between 1905 and 1934, the estate was the property of the Ewest family. Paul Ewest purchased the agricultural property including around 1,200 morgas of forest and arable land from Ernst von Braunschweig. 2 livestock buildings, barn and residential building were destroyed by fire during that period. In 1910, the Ewest family began the construction of the palace preserved to this day on the site formerly occupied by the burned manor house. In 1934, Wilhelm Koops, veterinarian in the district of Lauenburg (Lębork), and his wife Lore (née Götsch) took over ownership of the property covering an area of around 800 hectares. The property included 381 ha of arable land, 39 ha of meadows, 57 ha of pastures, and 315 ha of forests. They were the last owners before World War 2. After the war, in 1945, ownership of the property passed to the Land Property Office (Państwowe Nieruchomości Ziemskie). In 1950, the property was converted into the Ciekocino State Agricultural Farm (PGR), then into: Inspektorat PGR Żelazna (PGR Żelazna Inspectorate), Stacja Hodowli Roślin Kurowo (Kurowo Plant Breeding Station), Kombinat Rolny Żelazna (Żelazna Agricultural Conglomerate). In 1957, it was used as the PGR Rosice complex with the seat in Komaszewo; in 1957-1959 as the Ciekocino State Agricultural Farm; in 1959-1960 as the PGR Żelazna Inspectorate; in 1960 as the Ciekocino State Agricultural Farm; in 1968-1970 as the Kurowo Plan Breeding Station; in 1970-1980 as the Żelazna Agricultural Conglomerate; and since 1980 again as the Kurowo Plan Breeding Station. In 1998, the Agricultural Property Agency acquired ownership of the complex.In 2004, the property in a state of ruin was purchased by Tomasz Bałuk, who started the reconstruction of the complex .Between 2004 and 2005, eleven buildings dating from the 1970s were demolished and removed from the site; in 2012, three other concrete warehouses on the adjacent plot of land were removed (site of the former “Die Koppel” pasture).

Description

The manor and park complex is located at a distance from the village of Ciekocino on the south side of the road from Kurowo to Ciekocino. The west side of the complex is adjacent to the Chełst river. Between the northern boundary of the entry in the register of monuments and the road from Kurowo to Ciekocino is the forest part of the park, which is part of the palace and park complex (the part includes Douglas-firs, white pines, silver firs, and European larches). A monumental common pine grows here with a trunk circumference of about 250 cm. On the southern side of the complex, on the edge of the forest is a graveyard of the Ewest family. Further south there are the former pastures for horses (Pferde Koppel Weide). On the west side of the Chełst river there are also well-preserved traces of a mill race with equipment for piling up and separating water from the river to the mill race and from the mill race into the pond and the mill. On both sides of the river were lignite deposits. Exploitation of the deposits began in the early 20th century, when the property belonged to a member of the von Braunschweig family. The coal used for heating the palace (central heating system) and distillery. There are clear signs of ramps and lifts which transported coal and ice from the pond on the west side of the Chełst river to the ice house and fuel storehouse near the palace. The layout of the complex is a combination of a freely arranged palace and park with a geometrically designed farm. The brick palace which is set on a brick and stone foundation and plastered is the dominant feature of the complex. The body is varied in shape. Its central section consists of one storey and the upper southern section features a tower. The buildings are covered with mansard and half-hip roofs. On the north side of the complex is a porch with four columns.

In 2004, the buildings in the complex were in a terrible condition. Due to the lack of repairs and maintenance to the complex for several decades (from World War 2 to the present day) no original furnishings of the palace have been preserved. The present palace from 1910 underwent renovations, which involved replacing all window and door joinery, roofing, and plaster.

Complete renovation of the entire complex was carried out gradually from 2004 to 2012.

During that period, the stable building also underwent renovation, in the course of which local residents removed about 50% of the roof truss and used it as fuel. The original stable equipment including horse boxes and enclosures were also removed. Due to its terrible condition, 80% of the stable gable wall was dismantled and re-walled, the entire roof structure and the roof itself were also demolished and then rebuilt with the use of original materials.

The rich park tree stand was preserved in a relatively good condition despite heavy losses, such as the cutting down of a 100-year-old natural monument: the pedunculate oak on the northern axis of the palace and 5 red oaks at the beginning of the entrance alley. Two avenues of oaks leads you to the palace’s semicircular driveways with a decorative lawn.

The park has retained its character and the most important features such as avenues, rows of trees in the access border area and groups of trees; new horse manèges appeared next to the farm. The barn does not exist; its site is occupied by a modern building reminiscent of the former barn / coach house / brick and wooden storage facility. The former governor’s house has remained unchanged and continues to be used for residential purposes; however, it is located on a separate plot of land and has a different owner. The distillery was rebuilt (perhaps its state has been restored to the condition existing before the later conversion); the eastern part was demolished (starting from the elevated central section). The cowshed does not exist; its site is occupied by a completely new complex of stables with a riding hall and office building, which is combined with the former distillery building, now also converted into stables.

The site is open to visitors.

compiled by Dorota Hryszkiewicz-Kahlau, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Gdańsk, 06-12-2014.

Bibliography

  • Schultz F., Dzieje powiatu wejherowskiego i puckiego, Gdańsk-Puck-Wejherowo, 2011;
  • Karta ewidencyjna zabytków architektury i budownictwa Dwór w zespole dworsko-parkowym, Ciekocinko, Strzelecka I., Czerniak M., Strzelecki W., ODZ Gdańsk, 1986;
  • http://ciekocinko.pl/
  • http://www.polskiezabytki.pl/m/obiekt/4969/Ciekocinko/

General information

  • Type: palace
  • Chronology: 1 poł. XX w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Ciekocino
  • Location: Voivodeship pomorskie, district wejherowski, commune Choczewo
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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