Church of St John the Baptist and St Andrew, Cegłów
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Church of St John the Baptist and St Andrew

Cegłów

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The oldest part of the church in Cegłów dates back to the second quarter of the 16th century. The feature has a regional value and represents an example of the Late Baroque sacred architecture in Mazovia.

History

The construction of the initial wooden church took place in the 15th century, owing to funds of Anna Holszańska, Duchess of Mazovia. The present church was erected in the 2nd quarter of the 16th century. It underwent thorough renovation in the first quarter of the 17th century; an eastern gable of the presbytery, a vaulted sacristy and two portals: from the presbytery to the sacristy and in the southern wall of the nave, come from that period. In the first half of the 19th century the interior was partitioned by columns. During the 19th century the wall cladding was replaced and the crowning cornice was added. Renovated in 1862. Around 1914 the door opening to the porch was enlarged in the north and its vault was replaced with a brick infill ceiling. In the 1950s stepped buttresses previously added to the original structure to the eastern wall of the presbytery were removed.

Description

The church in Cegłów is situated in the north-western part of the market square. Positioned within the area of a wooded church cemetery, surrounded by a metal fence on a stone underpinning. Entrance through the gate from the east. The building is oriented, erected on a rectangular floor plan, currently includes three naves with an incorporated presbytery terminating in a straight arch, a narrower porch from the west (currently a plinth of the tower) and a sacristy from the north-east. The corpus is covered with a gable, single-ridge roof with a turret for a steeple. A porch and a sacristy are covered with separate gable roofs. The church was built of Gothic brick with a Polish line, on a rip-rap. The eastern gable wall, sacristy and plinths of northern buttress are plastered. A Late Gothic king post roof structure with double suspension and an extended truss is made of wood; it was partially altered in the 19th century. The nave is covered with a wooden ceiling resting on three pairs of wooden columns. The sacristy has a cloister vault with a network of profiled ribs. The presbytery and the porch include brick infill ceilings. The roofs are covered with sheet metal. Buttresses on a circular plan are found at the corpus corners; semi-circular buttresses at side walls; quadrangular buttresses in the upper part. Window and door openings with semicircular arches, vaulted; a round window in the form of a rosette over the main entrance. A Late Renaissance gable in the sacristy with pilaster and cornice partitions, with oculi and round blind windows. Walls of the sacristy are partitioned by double pilasters, a tripartite gable with vertical articulation in the form of pilasters narrowing to the bottom, resting on profiled bases. The western porch includes entrances on three sides, in plastered surrounds, accentuated on corners by quadrangular buttresses. An entrance to a spiral staircase leading to the attic is located in the buttress at the north-western corner of the nave. In the middle of the south façade there is a portal accentuated by pilasters with a lintel that includes eaves partitions. The church interior is partitioned by two rows of wooden, Tuscan columns planted on tall plinths with panels. Interior walls are devoid of articulations. Window openings and rood arch terminate in rusticated surrounds. A wooden choir gallery in the western bay rests on wooden posts with an entrance at the northern wall; it is accessed by half landing, broken stairs. There is a portal from the presbytery to the sacristy from the first quarter of the 17th century, terminating in double pilasters with a volute-and-eaves lintel. The nave and sacristy include a floor made of boards, while the presbytery has marble floor slabs.

The structure is open to visitors upon arrangement with the parish priest.

Compiled by Katarzyna Kosior, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Warsaw, 30-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Katalog Zabytków Sztuki w Polsce, Tom X Województwo Warszawskie zeszyt 8 powiat mińsko - mazowiecki, Instytut Sztuki PAN, Warszawa 1968 r.
  • J. Żabicki, Leksykon zabytków architektury Mazowsza i Podlasia, Arkady, Warszawa 2010 r.
  • Atlas Zabytków Architektury w Polsce, H. Faryna-Paszkiewicz, M. Omilanowska, R.
  • Karta ewidencyjna zabytku architektury i budownictwa tzw Karta Biała, J. Libera, kwiecień 1982 r..

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: 2 ćw. XVI w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Cegłów
  • Location: Voivodeship mazowieckie, district miński, commune Cegłów
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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