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Patronage settlements and colonies of Silesia - Zabytek.pl

Patronage settlements and colonies of Silesia

Colonies and settlements constitute significant elements of the landscape and regional tradition of Upper Silesia. There are approximately 200 such complexes throughout the region, founded in Bytom, Chorzów, Gliwice, Ruda Śląska, and Katowice, among others.

Most of the patronage settlements and colonies were erected between 1890 and 1914. Their beginnings are mainly connected with the industrialisation of Upper Silesia, which caused a dynamic development of this region. As a result, an increased demand for workforce arose. The houses erected for the workers of mines and ironworks were located in their immediate vicinity. The names of the settlements usually refer to the original names of the works.